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Civics 9 – Unit Sixteen The Commonwealth PowerPoint Presentation
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Civics 9 – Unit Sixteen The Commonwealth

Civics 9 – Unit Sixteen The Commonwealth

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Civics 9 – Unit Sixteen The Commonwealth

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  1. Civics 9 – Unit SixteenThe Commonwealth

  2. History of the Commonwealth • The Commonwealth is made up of countries that were once colonized by Britain • They decided to maintain links with each other after independence • The British colonies were far apart but had these things in common • Trade • Britain got most of its raw materials from its colonies • English was the official language • Education and local government was introduced • English systems of government and law were introduced • After the British Empire fell apart, most former colonies wanted to maintain links with each other and with Britain • The official website can be found here • Read more about the Commonwealth here

  3. Membership and Aims of the Commonwealth • All former British colonies are members of the colony if they want to be • The Commonwealth includes countries such as: United Kingdom, Zambia, Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, Tanzania, South Africa, etc. • The aims of the Commonwealth • Promote international peace and security • Respect the right of liberty of the individual • Promote human equality and dignity • Encourage self-determination or independence • Encourage the values of non-racialism • Promote an equitable international society • Promote democratic governance

  4. Map of Commonwealth Nations

  5. Organization of the Commonwealth • Head of States Conference • Attended by all heads of state of the member countries • The meeting is held every two years in different capital cities of the Commonwealth • Finance Ministers’ Conference • Meet annually to discuss the international economic situation • Takes place once every year • Commonwealth Secretariat • Performs most of the work of the Commonwealth • Prepares the agenda for meetings and reports for international affairs • The Secretary-General is the chief officer and the headquarters are in London • High Commissioners • Ambassadors between Commonwealth countries are called High Commissioners • For example, Zambia’s Ambassador to Zimbabwe is a High Commissioner

  6. Benefits of the Commonwealth • Political cooperation • Exchange ideas on political affairs • Many countries are given diplomatic support by other members • Military cooperation • Member countries work together in defence matters • Many Commonwealth countries send their officers for training in Britain, Australia, Canada, and India • Commonwealth Parliamentary Association • Formed for member states to exchange information and visits are carried out between member countries on parliamentary affairs • Economic cooperation • Trade between Commonwealth countries is encouraged • Each country allows exports to other member countries at low tariffs

  7. Organizations Under the Commonwealth • Commonwealth Development Corporation provides capital (money) for members’ development projects • British Ministry of Overseas Development provides technical and financial aid to member nations • Education cooperation through scholarships and education exchanges • Medical cooperation as doctors, nurses, and medical supplies are sent to various Commonwealth countries • Social and cultural cooperation through events such as the Commonwealth Games, a sports competition for member nations that occurs every four years • Read about the Commonwealth Games here

  8. Questions • What is the Commonwealth? • What are the aims of the Commonwealth? • What are some of the benefits of the Commonwealth? • What were some things that British colonies had in common?

  9. Answers • The Commonwealth is made up of former colonies of Britain who wanted to maintain links after independence. • The aims of the Commonwealth are to promote international peace and security, respect the right of individual liberty, promote human equality and dignity, encourage self-determination or independence, encourage non-racialism, promote an equitable international society, and promote democratic governance. • See the slide on the benefits of the Commonwealth • British colonies had trade, the English language, an English education system, and English systems of government and law in common.

  10. Congratulations • Way to go! You have now finished the whole course. Good luck on your examinations.