BAROQUE ERA. 1600-1750. Baroque Literature. Shakespeare – Hamlet Cervantes – Don Quixote Milton – Paradise Lost Defoe – Robinson Crusoe Swift – Gulliver’s Travels. Baroque Art. Rubens Rembrandt. Baroque Politics. King James Bible – 1611 Galileo – 1610 Earth revolves around the sun.
Shakespeare – Hamlet
Cervantes – Don Quixote
Milton – Paradise Lost
Defoe – Robinson Crusoe
Swift – Gulliver’s Travels
a French critic, late 1600s said:
“Opera is a bizarre affair made up of poetry and music, in which the poet and the musician, each equally obstructed by the other, give themselves no end of trouble to produce a wretched work.”
Opera was illegal in Rome in the early 1700s.
an English critic, 1872:
Opera is to be regarded
“musically, philosophically, and ethically, as an almost unmixed evil.”
Harpsichord, ca. 1675Made by Michele TodiniRome, Italy
music too difficult
J.S.Bach (musical) cross. Bach signed himself with a single note
(using 4 different pitches)
B: Left staff (treble clef)
A: Upper staff (tenor clef)
C: Right staff (alto clef)
H: Lower staff (treble clef)
-Leipzig town council member commenting on the hiring of Bach
It is interesting to see that Bach did not travel much during his lifetime and stayed within a small area of Germany.
Bach’s life and work
Bach shares his birth year with G.F.Handel. Handel also had cataract surgery performed by oculist John Taylor.
American composer, Edward MacDowell said,
"Bach and Handel were in every way quite different, except that both were born in the same year and killed by the same doctor”.
The next time he went to London, he just stayed
He was dismissed by the Elector of Hanover
The elector of Hanover, was crowned King George I of England in 1714.
- Ludwig Van Beethoven