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5 Major World Religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism. Polytheism. Polytheism is the worship of more than one god. May accept gods from other religions Choose your favorite god! . Polytheism. Hinduism From India around 1700 BCE No single founder

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5 major world religions

5 Major World Religions

Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity,

Islam, Judaism

polytheism
Polytheism
  • Polytheism is the worship of more than one god.
  • May accept gods from other religions
  • Choose your favorite god!
polytheism3
Polytheism
  • Hinduism
    • From India around 1700 BCE
    • No single founder
    • 3rd largest religion
    • Holy Book: Rig Veda
    • Brahman is the source of all divinity (holiness)
    • Believe in reincarnation (soul is reborn many times based on Karma).
caste system
Caste System

Good Karma

OK Karma

Bad Karma

Untouchables

hindu gods
Hindu Gods

SHIVA

BRAHMA

VISHNU

buddhism
Buddhism
  • Buddhism:
    • Started in India, then spread throughout Asia
    • Branched off of Hinduism about 500 BCE.
    • Founder’s name: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)
buddhism7
Buddhism
  • Basic Tenets of Buddhism
    • The world is full of suffering
    • Meditation is our only escape
    • Nirvana is the ultimate goal
    • Follow the Eightfold Path
eightfold path
Eightfold Path
  • Right Understanding
  • Right Thought
  • Right Speech
  • Right Action
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Concentration
monotheism
Monotheism
  • Began in Palestine with the Jews
  • Abraham is the founder of:
    • Judaism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
monotheism11
Monotheism
  • Begun by Abraham about 2000 BCE
  • Common Beliefs:
    • God created the universe
    • God continues to govern the universe
    • The Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God on Mt. Sinai and must be followed
judaism
JUDAISM
  • Followers are called Jews
  • Believe that God made a covenant with Abraham and his people (Israelites)
  • Adherents are worldwide, but most are in Israel
  • Holy book is the Torah (= the first five books of the Old Testament of Christian Bible)
christianity
Christianity
  • Jesus was a Jew from Palestine. The Western calendar is based on his life, so he lived (about) 2008 years ago
  • He is believed by his followers to be the messiah and the son of God.
  • He was crucified for treason (claiming to be the king of the Jews) by the Romans.
christianity14
Christianity
  • Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead on his own and appeared before his disciples
  • He is believed to have ascended into heaven, where he sits with God and rules (Trinity is debated by sectarian scholars)
  • Christians worship in a church
  • Their holy book is the Bible
islam
ISLAM
  • The Muslim name for God is Allah.
  • Muhammad was a camel driver from Saudi Arabia
  • The Angel Gabriel gave Muhammad The Koran in the desert in the 7th Century CE. It is the Muslim holy book.
  • He started his religion in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This is the holiest city in Islam.
islam16
ISLAM
  • Muslims worship in a mosque
  • Muslims must follow the Five Pillars of Islam:
    • Stating the Faith
    • Prayer 5 times/day facing Mecca
    • Charity to poor
    • Pilgrimage (Hajj)
    • Fast during Ramadan