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The 5 Major World Religions. Where are the Religions?. Types of Religions. Monotheistic – religion with one god Polytheistic – religion with many gods Caste System – a hierarchy where some people are considered higher in standing than others Major five religions:

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types of religions
Types of Religions
  • Monotheistic – religion with one god
  • Polytheistic – religion with many gods
  • Caste System – a hierarchy where some people are considered higher in standing than others
  • Major five religions:
    • Judaism - Christianity -Hinduism
    • Islam - Buddhism
judaism
Judaism
  • Early History
    • ~1950 BC, Abraham’s Covenant
    • Travel to Canaan then to Egypt
    • Slavery in Egypt
    • Moses & the Exodus
  • One God
  • TEXT: The Torah
    • Pentateuch
      • Old Testament
      • Abraham’s History
    • Mishnah
      • Writings of the Prophets
    • Talmud
      • Other Writings of the Jewish Tradition

Abraham & Isaac

Torah

Moses & the 10 Commandments

beliefs and customs
Beliefs and Customs
  • Religious Customs
    • Prayer 3 x a day
    • Worship on the Sabbath day Saturday
      • Whole Torah (Pentateuch) is read each year
    • Diet
      • Food must be Kosher
    • Holy Days & Festivals
      • Passover (spring)
      • Shabouth (fall)
      • RoshHashanah
        • Yom Kippur, the day of Atonement
      • Hannukkah (Winter)
      • Purim (March)
basic christianity
Basic Christianity
  • History
    • 2000 yrs ago
    • The Apostles
    • Christ’s Death
  • Texts
    • The Bible
  • Beliefs
    • The Holy Trinity
    • Immaculate Conception
    • The Afterlife
  • Customs & Holidays
    • Weekly Worship
    • Holy Week
      • Palm Sunday
      • Maundy Thursday
      • Good Friday
      • Easter
    • Christmas

Christ on the Cross, Velazquez

Icon depicting the First Council of Nicaea

The Holy Trinity,

Albrecht Duerer

islam the 5 pillars
Islam: The 5 Pillars
  • Faith
    • There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger
  • Prayer (Salat)
    • 5 x daily
  • Charity (Zakat)
    • All Things belong to Allah so we should donate to the Needy
  • Fast
    • During Ramadan, from sun up to sundown.
  • Pilgrimage (Hajj)
    • Once in a lifetime trip to Mecca and the Ka’ba
islam
Islam
  • History -Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over a thousand million followers. It is more often thought of as a complete way of life rather than a religion. Islam began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Those who follow Islam are called Muslims.
  • God - Muslims believe that there is only one God, called Allah. Islam is mainly followed in the Middle East, Asia, and the north of Africa.
  • Text – The Koran (Qur’an)
  • Holy Days – Ramadan (holy fasting) and Pilgrimage (Hajj)
hinduism
Hinduism

Hindu Gods: Many Forms of One God

  • 4000 – 2500 BCE
    • Aryan Peoples
    • Oral Tradition: Vedas & Upanishads
  • Aryan Caste System
    • Brahmins: Priests
    • Ksatriyas: Warriors & Rulers
    • Vaisyas: Merchants, Farmers, Artisans
    • Sudras: Manual Laborers
    • Untouchables: Dirty Work
  • Hindu Beliefs: Hamster Wheel
    • Brahman
    • Atman
    • Reincarnation
    • Karma
    • Moksha
  • Texts: Scriptures
    • Shruti
    • Smritis
  • Holy Days - Karva Chauth, Dhan Teras, Deepavali minor, & Deepavali major.

Brahma: The Creator

Siva: The Destroyer

Vishnu: The Preserver

buddhism
Buddhism
  • Siddartha Gautama, 560-490 BCE
    • The Buddha: The Enlightened One
  • Buddhist Beliefs
    • No Real Gods or Deities
    • Goal: Nirvana not Brahma
  • Four Noble Truths
    • Life is Suffering
    • Suffering is caused by desire & resistance to change
    • We can end suffering by ending desire
    • We can end desire and suffering by following the eightfold path
  • Eight Fold Path
    • Right Understanding
    • Right Thought
    • Right Speech
    • Right Action
    • Right Livelihood
    • Right Effort
    • Right Mindfulness
    • Right Concentration

-Prayer: Meditation

-No Specifically related text

Asoka: 273-232 BC