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C.R Jakobson Gymnasium. The History of the United Kingdom. by Ave Arak and Epp Jürisson Supervisors: T.Pukk and M.Maasen Viljandi 2002. Introduction. The British Isles have a rich history going back thousands of years .

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the history of the united kingdom

C.R Jakobson Gymnasium

The History of the United Kingdom

by Ave Arak and Epp Jürisson

Supervisors: T.Pukk and M.Maasen

Viljandi 2002

  • The British Isles have a rich history going back thousands of years.
  • The history of the United Kingdom includes also the history of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  • The history is full of invaders, wars, rulers.

4000 -1500 BC

stone age man, the first farmers, Stonehenge

  • 1500 BC - 43 AD

the age of hill forts and the Celts

  • 43 AD - 410 AD

Roman Britain, they came, they saw, they


  • 410 - 1066

the Romans left, the Anglo Saxons arrived, the Normans conquered

  • History

1066 - 1154

the Normans consolidate their conquest

  • 1154 - 1485

the Middle Ages

  • 1485 - 1603

Henry VIII, Elizabeth I and the Tudors

  • 1603 - 1660

the divine right of kings to rule, then chop off their



1815 - 1914

  • 1660 - 1715
  • 1600 - 1783

Peace and prosperity, the growth of Empire

  • Restoration and Revolution, the beginning of
  • Empire

Britain in North America - we would rather


  • 1715 - 1815
  • The German Georges rule Britain

1914 - 1918

  • 1918 - 1939
  • 1939 - 1945
  • 1945 - 2000

Post War Britain - loses an Empire, looks for

the role

The after effects of World War I, the General


The First World War, carnage without a cause

World War II

the kings and queens
The Kings and Queens
  • Until 1603 the English and Scottish Crowns were separated.
  • Following the Accession of King James VI of Scotland (I of England) to the English Throne.
  •  From the end of the 17th century, monarchs lost executive power and they became subject to Parliament, resulting in today's constitutional Monarchy.
the best known queen
The best known Queen:

Queen Elizabeth I

  • Elizabeth gave the name to a golden age of poets, statesmen and adventurers.
  • Known as the Virgin Queen, or Gloriana.

1533 - 1603

the best known king
The best known King:
  • Claims to the throne of France led to the Hundred Years' War
  • and the loss of almost all the large English territory in France.

Eduard III


the historical flag
The Historical Flag
  • When King James VI of Scotland ascended to the English throne, thereby becoming James I of England, the national flags of England and Scotland on land continued to be.

by Graham BartramFlag adopted1 January 1801

flag crosses
Flagś crosses
  • The Union Jack/Flag includes the Cross of St. George (England), the Cross of St. Andrew (Scotland) and the Cross of St. Patrick (Ireland).
the map of uk
The Map of UK
  • Here we can see all the countries of United Kingdom
the most important wars
The Most Important Wars
  • The Hundred Years War1336-1565
  • Wars of the Roses1455-1487
  • Civil War1642-1645
  • Boer War1901-1902
  • World War I1914-1918
  • World War II1939-1945
  • a Celtic land of mountains and coal
northern ireland
Northern Ireland
  • It is clear today that the Irish problem has not been solved.
  • Northern Protestants feel they have a right to determine their own future democratically.
  • Northern Catholics feel they have the right to be part of a united Ireland.
  • An English army arrived to relieve the Scots siege of Stirling.
  • Bruce defeated the English army under Edward II, who was lucky to escape with his life.
  • The Scots victory at the Battle of Bannockburn secured complete Scots independence.
  • England has always played an important role in the worldś economy and business.
historical monument
Historical Monument
  • the name of a very remarkable ancient monument in England
  • It consists of a great collection of stones


the historical big ben
The Historical Big Ben
  • Big Ben is one of London's best-known landmarks.
  • It houses the House of Parliament.

The history has efected our lives for centuries and will continue to do the same in future.

We think that England has always been rich of kings and queens who has changed the world.