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Psychology and the Police. Who are the clienteles? Types of police deviance Psychology and police selection. Clientele: The Public. Concerns of the public: Prejudice (for example, “DWB” offense) Race-based profiling Police brutality Police corruption What can psychologists do?

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psychology and the police
Psychology and the Police
  • Who are the clienteles?
  • Types of police deviance
  • Psychology and police selection
clientele the public
Clientele: The Public
  • Concerns of the public:
    • Prejudice (for example, “DWB” offense)
    • Race-based profiling
    • Police brutality
    • Police corruption
  • What can psychologists do?
    • Assist in police selection
    • Research on causes of corruption
types of police deviance high level corruption
Types of police deviance: High level corruption
  • Violent crimes
  • Denying civil rights
  • Criminal enterprise
  • Property crimes
  • Major Bribes
types of police deviance low level corruption
Types of police deviance: Low level corruption
  • Role malfeasance
  • Being “above” inconvenient laws
  • Minor bribes
  • Playing favorites
  • Gratuities
clientele the police department
Clientele: The police department
  • How should police recruits be trained?
  • Are there ways to prevent or reduce police burnout?
  • How effective are different strategies for combating crime? (foot patrols vs. car patrols, etc.)
selection of police
Selection of Police
  • Goals:
    • Screen out disturbed applicants (most prominent goal for police chiefs)
    • Select people with a desirable profile for “ideal” officers
  • Between 30,000 and 50,000 people take the police civil service test in New York City alone every time it is administered!
typical scrutiny of candidates
Typical scrutiny of candidates
  • Review of academic transcripts, tax returns, military & employment records
  • Background checks with DMV, FBI, state central fingerprint registries
  • Interviews with neighbors, friends, employers
  • Medical exam
  • Psychological testing
psychological screening
Psychological screening
  • 4 hours of psychological tests
    • Early emphasis on IQ
    • Shift in emphasis to personality inventories
  • Interview with a clinical psychologist
    • Assess maturity, stability, interpersonal skills
    • Information sought through answers to questions, but also body language and emotions displayed
    • Problems with interview as a selection tool
psychological tests used
Psychological Tests used
  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
  • California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
  • Bartol’s immaturity index
    • Psychopathic deviance scale
    • Hypomania scale
    • Lie scale
  • Inwald Personality Inventory (IPI)
situational tests
Situational Tests
  • Dunnette & Motowidlo - simulations and role-playing tasks
  • Foot Patrol Observation Test
  • Clues Test
police psychologists
Police Psychologists
  • Over 150 psychologists work full-time or part-time as police psychologists
  • Participate in training procedures
  • Consult on “odd” cases
  • Counsel officers
  • Fitness-for-duty evaluations
  • Do surveys/research on pursuits, shootings, police-involved auto accidents, etc.
training of police officers
Training of police officers
  • Typically, training for several months
  • Intervention in family disputes
    • Bard, 1970
    • Arresting the suspected batterer
  • Intervention in hostage taking incidents
    • Determining hostage-takers’ motives
    • Stockholm Syndrome
psychology on the job
Psychology on the job
  • Help officers deal with stress and burnout
  • Evaluating programs such as “Community policing”
  • Race relations