Ocean Observations: Present and Future Capitol Hill Oceans Week June 10, 2004 Brig. Gen. David L. Johnson, USAF (Ret.)NOAA Assistant Administrator for Weather Services
Ocean Observations: Present and Future • Background • NOAA’s Ocean Observations • National Weather Service Operational Information Flow • NOAA’s Ocean Services • Integrated Ocean Observing System and National Water Quality Monitoring System • Conclusion
How Do You Define Ocean? • White Water to Blue Water is the Geographic Scope
PORTS™ NWLON Mussel Watch NERR Sites WX Buoys C-MAN Buoys Geodesy – CORS NOAA’s Ocean Observations
TAO Array El Niño Forecasting Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array
NOAA Satellites • Imaging & Monitoring • Severe Weather Events • Iceberg Events • Ocean Events • Tropical Cyclones • Oil Spills • Sea Surface Temperature • Ocean Color and Chlorophyll Levels • Ocean Surface Winds • Coral Bleaching • Ocean Precipitation GOES POES
AdditionalSources for NOAA Observations • Voluntary Observing Ships • Partnerships • Marine Observations (MAROBs)
TelecommunicationGateway National DataBuoy Center National Weather ServiceOperational Information Flow DATA DELIVERY Weather Forecast Offices/River Forecast Centers Gulf of Maine Observing System Emergency Managers NWS MarineObservingNetwork Global Telecommunication System Operational Bulletins National Centers forEnvironmental Prediction Texas Automated Buoy System National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Coastal OceanMonitoring & Prediction System Public
NOAA’s Ocean Services • Marine Forecasts and Warnings for: • Coastal waters • Great Lakes • Offshore waters • High seas waters • Rip currents • Hurricanes • Tsunamis • Seasonal Outlooks • Hurricane Season • El Niño/La Niña
NOAA’s Ocean Services • Coral Reef Conservation • International Collaboration • Marine Protected Areas • National Marine Sanctuaries • Ocean Exploration • Oil and Chemical Spills • Coastal Decision-making Tools • Coastal Ecosystem Science • Coastal Management • Coastal Monitoring and Observations • Contaminants in the Environment • Ecological Forecasting • National Estuarine Research Reserves • Natural Hazards Assessment • Natural Resource Restoration • Training and Capacity- building • Aerial Photography and Shoreline Mapping • Global Positioning • Marine Navigation • Tides and Currents
Ocean Commission Recommendations • Integrated Ocean Observing System • National Water Quality Monitoring System
NOAA’s Vision of an Integrated Ocean Observing System • As part of NOAA’s integrated earth observing system, provide a sustained global to local ocean observation & data management/communication system.
IOOS Data Management & Communications (DMAC) DMAC Standards and Protocols Currently '07 Start
What is the Impact of a Climate Prediction Center Forecast for a Wetter Than Normal Summer on Chesapeake Bay Oystermen? Seasonal Precipitation Below Normal Above Normal
Water Quality Monitoring Nutrient Loading Turbidity - NUTRIENTS + - TURBIDITY + Salinity Oyster Mortality - MORTALITY + - SALINITY +
Benefits of IOOS and a National Water Quality Monitoring System • Enhanced ability to protect lives and property and expand economic opportunities, understanding climate variability, and promote healthy ecosystems. • More cost-effective use of infrastructures, knowledge, and expertise. • Rapid access to environmental data and information. • More timely detection and prediction of changes and events. • Broader application of data and information. • Increased funding for research and monitoring.
Present Ocean Sensor? Future?