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Ocean Floor - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ocean Floor
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  1. Brainpop Underwater World Ocean Floor Ocean Floor

  2. The Ocean Floor • Oceanographers discovered the shape of the ocean floor by measuring the depth of the floor in many places. • Early tools included lead weights lowered on ropes or cables to the ocean floor. • Today, sophisticated side-sonar and satellite data are fed into computers. Brainpop: Ocean Floor

  3. Ocean Floor Vocabulary • Shoreline: line which marks the edge of the ocean water • Continental Shelf: shallow, submerged part of the continent just off shore • Continental Slope: land from continent’s end to ocean floor • Trench: narrow, very deep valley • Guyot: underwater volcanic mountain • Abyssal Plain: flat, nearly level areas; forms most of the ocean floor • Ridges: great underwater mountain ranges • Rift: valleys between ridges

  4. Ocean Zones

  5. Ocean Zones Twilight 300-3000 ft. Water beginning to get darker Temperature decreases Pressure increases Shark Very little light Blue light Violet light Sunlight Zone Lots of light 0-300 ft. 90% of marine life Plants are productive Plants require sunlight Tuna Dolphin Green plants

  6. Ocean zones Abyss Very dark Scarce food supplies Organisms grow slowly Organisms live longer High water pressure Bioluminescence Goes to ocean floor Remains of marine life from upper zones Fewer life forms Midnight Less food Less animal life Eat dead organisms Glow in the dark animals

  7. Ocean Layers / Zones There are 5 layers that make up the ocean. They include… • Epipelagic Zone (Sunlight Zone) • Mesopelagic Zone (Twilight Zone) • Bathypelagic Zone (Midnight Zone) • Abyssopelagic Zone (The Abyss) • Hadalpelagic Zone (The Trenches)

  8. Zone Info Sunlight Zone – this zone extends from the surface to a depth of 200 meters (656 feet). All the water present in this zone is fairly well mixed. Under ideal conditions, a beam of sunlight can penetrate this zone and reach it's bottom. Twilight Zone – this zone extends from a depth of 200 meters (656 feet) to 1000 meters (3281 feet). The sunlight in this zone is extremely faint. It is in this zone that we begin to see the twinkling lights of bioluminescent creatures. Midnight Zone – this zone extends from a depth of 1000 meters (3281 feet) down to 4000 meters (13,124 feet). The only visible light in this region is the light produced by bioluminescent life forms. The water pressure at this depth is crushing, but a surprisingly large number of creatures can be found here. The Abyss - This zone extends from a depth of 4000 meters (13,124 feet) to 6000 meters (19,686 feet). Its name comes from a Greek word meaning "no bottom". The water temperature of this zone is near freezing, and there is no light at all in this zone. The Trenches - zone extends from a depth of 6000 meters (19,686 feet) to 10,000 meters (32,810 feet). These zones are mostly found in deep water trenches and canyons

  9. Ocean Floor Model #1 shoreline guyot continental shelf abyssal plain continental slope ridges trench rifts

  10. Ocean Floor Model #2 Continental slope Continental shelf Ridges Guyot Abyssal plain Rifts Trenches

  11. Ocean Floor Model #3

  12. Your paper should look similar to this with the ocean floor features labeled. shoreline Continental shelf Sunlight Zone 200 meters Twilight Zone 1000 meters Continental slope ridges guyot rifts Abyssal plain Midnight Zone 4000 meters trench The Abyss 6000 meters The Trenches below 6000 meters