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Korea Three Kingdoms Forward. 16. Pre-history. Ancient Chosun The mythological unified Korean nation ruled by Tangun from 2333 BC Han tribes 300 BC+ Palais (your text) covers several early kingdoms. We won’t. Koguryo : Northern Korea 37 BC – 668 AD

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pre history
  • Ancient Chosun
    • The mythological unified Korean nation ruled by Tangun from 2333 BC
  • Han tribes 300 BC+
  • Palais (your text) covers several early kingdoms. We won’t
three kingdoms about 50 bce 668 ce
Koguryo: Northern Korea 37 BC – 668 AD

Baekche: Southwestern Korea 18 BC – 663 AD

Silla (Pronounced Sheila) Southeastern Korea 57 AD – 668 AD (Victory)

Kaya (minor and short lived, usually ignored)

Three Kingdoms About 50 BCE – 668 CE
three kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
  • Koguryo: North, was the largest and strongest
    • Included much of Manchuria
    • Battled and resisted China several times
three kingdoms baekche southwest
Three Kingdoms: Baekche -- Southwest
  • First to adopt Buddhism
  • Sent scholars, craftsmen and monks to Japan
  • First destroyed by Silla-Tang alliance
three kingdoms silla southeast
Three Kingdoms:Silla -- Southeast
  • Later developer
  • Builds alliance with Tang China to overthrow both Baekche and Koguryo by 668 CE
  • Unites Korea into Unified Silla Dynasty
three kingdoms division replayed
Three Kingdoms division replayed?
  • Current division lines similar to 3-Kingdoms
  • South Korea also divided into East/West regions for domestic politics
  • Coincidence or resurgence???

Three Kingdoms Map

Contemporary Korean Map

unified silla dynasty 668 ce 918 ce
Unified Silla Dynasty668 CE – 918 CE
  • Silla dynasty unifies Korean Peninsula
  • Northern kingdom of Parhae is also Korean speaking but usually placed into Manchurian history
unified silla
Unified Silla

Sadae Principle

    • Sadae = “Serve the great”
  • Silla allied with Tang China to solve its problem with Koguryo
    • First works with Tang to destroy Baekche and unify southern Peninsula
    • Next works with Tang to destroy Koguryo and unify more of Peninsula
  • Silla Korea recognizes its weakness
  • Alliance with China provides protector
unified silla11
Unified Silla

Sadae Principle

  • Tributary status with China provides
    • Guidance
    • Protection
    • Access to Chinese economy
    • Peace
    • Help with domestic disturbances if necessary
  • How does a small nation survive? Sadae
    • Watch for this repeating theme…
unified silla12
Unified Silla
  • Hwarang
    • Elite military academy
    • Teaches art, poetry, history, horsemanship, and weaponry
unified silla13
Unified Silla
  • Religion and State in Silla
    • Unified Silla adopts Buddhism as official state religion
    • Builds massive “Buddhist Nation Temple”
    • Pulkuksa
unified silla16
Unified Silla

Kyongju as Capital: Art, Architecture

  • Burial practices
guard at buddhist temple gate
Guard at Buddhist Temple Gate

Eaves from Korean Buddhist Temple

unified silla22
Hereditary Government

“True Bone” lineages

Strict intermarriage among nobles

Yangban class leadership

Silla period court music

Confucian forms of ministries

Structure looks Confucian

No Meritocracy – Exams don’t mean anything

Unified Silla
unified silla closing scenes
Factionalism and corruption weaken Silla Dynasty

Restoration movements in both Baekche and Koguryo

Both gain independence

Later Baekche emerges but a splits internally between father and son

Alliance between part of later Baekche and Later Koguryo

935 CE: Koguryo overthrows Silla to unify Korea again

Takes on the new dynastic name: Koryo -- hence Korea

Unified SillaClosing Scenes