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GLOBE Science: Opportunities for Partnering. Margaret A. LeMone Chief Scientist, GLOBE Senior Scientist, NCAR. With acknowledgments to: Teresa Kennedy – Director, GLOBE Partnerships Jim Washburne – GLOBE Soil-Moisture PI Maureen Murray – GLOBE graphics

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slide1

GLOBE Science: Opportunities for Partnering

Margaret A. LeMone

Chief Scientist, GLOBE

Senior Scientist, NCAR

With acknowledgments to:

Teresa Kennedy – Director, GLOBE Partnerships

Jim Washburne – GLOBE Soil-Moisture PI

Maureen Murray – GLOBE graphics

Sandra Henderson – GLOBE Chief Educator

slide2

Overview of Talk

What is GLOBE?

substantially

administratively

who I am and what I do

GLOBE science activities

Potential opportunities

How to partner with GLOBE

Benefits of partnering with GLOBE

Other groups to consider

globe program overview
GLOBE Program Overview
  • GLOBE is a hands-on inquiry-based international science and education program.
  • GLOBE students in primary and secondary schools in 107 different countries:
    • Take GLOBE environmental measurements using scientific protocols.
    • Report observations to the GLOBE data archive via the Internet, which can be accessed by anyone
    • Study Earth science topics using GLOBE maps and graphs and other GLOBE materials
    • Become more aware of their environment
  • Every GLOBE school has a GLOBE-trained teacher
  • Goal is to increase opportunities for student-scientist collaboration
protocols1
protocols1

GLOBE Protocols

Directions on taking measurements

Site requirement

Time(s) of day/year

Instrument

Technique

Protocol selection criteria

Research significance for Earth System.

Doable by subset of K-12 students

Developed/evaluated/overseen with competitively-selected scientists who

Use GLOBE data in research

Work with schools

Help with questions

Cover earth system system science

In U.S. are supported by NSF

globe measurements

Hydrology:

Water Temperature

Water pH

Dissolved Oxygen

Electrical Conductivity

Water Transparency

Salinity

Alkalinity

Nitrates

Freshwater

Macroinvertebrates

GLOBE Measurements

Atmosphere:

Air Temperature

Relative humidity

Surface temperature

Precipitation

Clouds

Aerosols

Water Vapor

Air Pressure

Automated Weather

Stations

Phenology

Budburst

Greenup

Greendown

Arctic Bird Migration

Lilac Phenology

Phenological Garden

Seaweed Reproduction

Ruby-Throated

Hummingbirds

Soils:

Soil Temperature

Soil moisture

Characterization

Bulk Density

Particle Density

Particle Size Distribution

Soil pH

Fertility

Water Infiltration

Terrain

Land Cover (LC)

LC Sampling

Biometry

LC mapping

LC change detection

Fire Fuel Ecology

Time

Location

Site Characterization

Courtesy: E. Levine and NASA/GSFC

maps and graphs
Maps and graphs

GLOBE

Maps

Data can also be

displayed as contours

in a map.

This map displays the mean air temperature

in Europe on

May 23, 2003.

six schools
Six schools

GLOBE

Graphs

Data from up to six schools can be displayed in the same graph.

This is the maximum air temperature for schools in Australia, Benin and Finland.

Air temperature and

seasonal fluctuations

can be seen for Northern

and Southern hemispheres

as well as Equatorial.

students combine data with other data source
Students combine data with other data source

GLOBE

Maps

GLOBE Students can

compare their data with data from satellite and

model data.

This graphic compares GLOBE student data and NOAA Environmental Modeling Center data for April 7, 2003.

the pieces
The Pieces

GLOBE Program Office (Colorado)

Oversight Partner support

Web site Trainer training

Funded by NASA

~80 U.S. Partners (all states but Nebraska)

Local ‘franchises’ Teacher training

Total funding ~3x Program Office

106 countries outside the U.S.

11 Groups of U.S. Scientists

Use NASA satellite data

Funded by NSF

U.S. State Dept.

Provides in-kind support

Other supporters

Peace Corps

USAID

UN

GLO

B

E

slide13
Me

My role: GLOBE Chief Scientist

My responsibility:

Maintain integrity of the program

through currency and accuracy of

science protocols and materials

Increase use of GLOBE data by

professional and student

scientists

My Background:

Ph.D. Atmospheric Sciences (Univ. WA)

30 years as professional scientist

25 field programs (roughly)

~70 refereed journal articles, many more unrefereed.

Ed/Outreach: textbooks, LEARN outreach program

GLO

B

E

Peggy LeMone

NCAR

PO Box 3000

Boulder, CO 80307

lemone@globe.gov

malaria
Malaria

Students use GLOBE measurements to ask questions about their local environment.

This school in Benin graphed cases of malaria in the community with temperature and precipitation.

GLO

B

E

Cases of Malaria

Temperature

Precipitation

slide16
Scientist and students investigation compare MODIS Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) student observations – David Brooks, Drexel

Inland site (DeBilt, Netherlands)

Objective: to show that

Measurements based on

inexpensive hand-held

instruments can be used

to evaluate satellite-based

methods of estimating aerosol

optical thickness

Top: Marken (island site)

Bottom: The Hague (coastal site)

Source: Brooks 2004 (GLOBE annual meeting) and De Vroom et al. 2003.

globe s cool contrail data earth day contrail count a thon 2004
GLOBE/S’COOL Contrail Data: Earth Day Contrail Count-a-Thon 2004

Relationship between model ice RH

at (400-150 mb) and Contrail

Observations over CONUS (April 2004)

Student Observations

Earth Day

Short-lived

ARPS

RUC

Persistent Spreading

Model comparisons: fig adapted from

Dave Duda, Hampton Univ.

Map: Lin Chambers, NASA Langley

0 RH relative to ice (percent) 100

validation of cloud screening from the modis sensor
Validation of Cloud Screening from the MODIS Sensor

Dr. Kevin Czajkowski

University of Toledo

  • Clouds obscure the ground from satellites.
  • Good cloud screening is needed to do remote sensing.
  • GLOBE student data showed that the MODIS cloud screening algorithm matched student overcast (ovc) or broken (bkn) cloud observations about 82% of
  • the time.
validation of the modis snow cover product using globe student observations

Student Observations

MODIS Data

Validation of the MODIS Snow Cover Product using GLOBE Student Observations

Dr. Kevin Czajkowski

University of Toledo

  • Snow cover is potentially an important indicator of climate change.
  • Satellites and in particular MODIS are well suited to observe snow cover globally.
  • GLOBE student observations have helped validate the MODIS snow algorithm showing that it is 93% accurate for the Great Lakes Region.

Strange streak of MODIS-identified snow in Ohio that GLOBE observations showed was not snow.

soil characterization and modeling using globe student observations

Simulated and measured soil water content in the root zone

2. Validating ecosystem models (GAPS)

1. Comparing soil profile properties at different locations

% clay

0 cm

20 cm

40 cm

60 cm

80 cm

100 cm

Soil Characterization and Modeling using GLOBE Student Observations

Elissa Levine

NASA/GSFC

School 1

School 2

School 1

slide21

Field Program Opportunities being pursued

COPS and

CSIP

GLOBE One

CUAHSI, SMEX

NAME

MIRAGE

AMMA

globe field campaign globe one black hawk county iowa
GLOBE Field Campaign: GLOBE One: Black Hawk County, Iowa

Objective: To determine the effects of corn and soybean

tillage on the atmosphere, streams, soils, and phenology

challenges with using globe protocols
Challenges with using GLOBE Protocols

CHALLENGE: measure effect of land cover

Response: T and RH at 1.5 m above “effective surface”

Design weather-station mount that enables

moving instruments upward as crops grow

CHALLENGE: How to interpret differences between

stations

Response: Calculate expected T and RH profiles for

different stages of crop growth, expected

environmental conditions.

slide24
GLOBE as part of field Campaign: Martha Whitaker, Jim Washburne, Ty Ferre, Bart NijssenUniversity of Arizona

Event-oriented GLOBE training

Part of Soil Moisture Experiment 2003 (SMEX03)

1. Part of gravimetric soil moisture data set

(measurements at 0-5 cm; 8-12 cm)

2. In-situ soil moisture compared to values

from aircraft and spaceborne instruments

3. Teachers and students know measurements

relevant to science

Washburne is also doing this for NAME

(North American Monsoon Experiment)

web based field programs for students and others
Web-based field programsfor students and others:

Some examples proposed by GLOBE PIs and others

Aerosol observations after

volcanic eruption

Rainfall measurements before

and during a hurricane

(or the remnants) – this

is not always practical!

Compare instruments or different

instrument exposures

(Sister Shirley experiment)

BUT: it is important to report back

to the observers!

why is this work important
Why is this work important?
  • Earth’s economy depends on weather and climate (and
  • the rest of the earth system)
  • Understanding/predicting weather and climate
  • requires good observations
    • Surface data help correct satellite algorithms
    • Future observational system include satellites
    • ground-based, and in-situ observations
  • Observations of earth system will help us understand
    • how to take good care of our environment
  • Student participation in such observations
    • Environmental awareness the first step in becoming
    • a good environmental steward
    • Participating in accessible hands-on science helps
      • develop critical thinking skills needed as a citizen
    • Inspire the next generation of scientists
to become involved you could
To become involved, you could…
  • What:
    • Use web resources
    • Earth Exploration toolbook
    • Find scientist-mentors through
    • GLOBE office or GLOBE Partners
    • Work with a GLOBE Partner on
    • a regional field campaign
    • Sponsor a web-based field program
    • with GLOBE schools
  • How:
    • Check out the GLOBE web site
    • at www.globe.gov and follow menu
    • Contact us at the GLOBE Program
    • office lemone@globe.gov
    • Watch next talk!
    • (http://serc.carleton.edu/eet/globe/index.html)
benefits of working with globe
Benefits of working with GLOBE
  • Existing infrastructure
    • GLOBE data stored on Web
    • GLOBE maps and graphs
    • GLOBE materials on Web
  • Earth system perspective
  • Scientist involvement
    • GLOBE Principal Investigators
    • GLOBE Scientists
    • GLOBE Program Office
  • Scientist mentors
    • Can answer perplexing questions
    • Can provide valuable research questions
costs
costs

Costs to involve GLOBE in a meaningful way

  • Involving GLOBE partner (depends on involvement)
  • Training Teachers/Community Members ($2K+ per session)
    • Review important GLOBE measurements
    • Add some from complementary
    • program
  • Instruments or test kits (costs vary)
    • Supplying them provides an incentive
  • Interactions with scientists
    • Takes time
    • Recommend finding committed scientist nearby
    • as well as scientist(s) involved remotely
challenges
Challenges
  • Time
    • For Scientists
    • For teachers and students
    • For building relationships
  • Expertise
    • Training needed for school and
    • community collaborators
    • Scientists need help with outreach
  • Priorities
    • University reward system
    • Time away from research
    • School curricula
  • School schedules
slide31

Organizations to team up with

  • Local school districts
  • Local nature or environmental organizations
    • Audubon Society
    • Watershed groups
  • Local museums
  • Scouts, 4-H, FFA
  • Local Weather Services (SOOs)
  • Local extension offices
  • Local Colleges and Universities
  • Senior Centers
  • Churches
optimum involvement it doesn t get better than this
Optimum Involvement: It doesn’t get better than this
  • Involves question(s) of local interest
  • Active local community collaborators
    • Schools
    • Community support for schools
  • Active local science collaborators
  • For Schools
    • Fits with curriculum
    • Fits with local/state/national
    • education standards

Scientists and students partner in

research…..

international program in 107 countries
International Programin 107 countries

Students

collaboratewith scientists

Hands-on science

Atmosphere/ClimateHydrology

Soils

Land Cover/Biology

Phenology

Over 11 million environmental measurements taken