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Film Terminology The buzz words that make movie buffs true movie buffs. Shot: what is recorded by a single, uninterrupted operation of the camera when a camera starts to where it stops Scene: section of film of continuous action taking place in continuous time and space

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film terminology

Film Terminology

The buzz words that make movie buffs true movie buffs.

scene vs shot
Shot:

what is recorded by a single, uninterrupted operation of the camera

when a camera starts to where it stops

Scene:

section of film of continuous action taking place in continuous time and space

usually contains multiple shots

Scene vs. Shot
slide3
Cut:

1. action of stopping the film (“Cut!”)

2. a strip of film

3. joining separate shots together.

4. a version of a movie (“director’s cut”)

Take:

a version of a shot

frame 3 definitions
Frame:(3 definitions)

1. a single picture from a strip of film

2. borders of the projected film on a screen

3. to position the camera in such a way that the subject is kept within the borders of the image

Collin Farrel in Phone Booth (2002)

widescreen letterbox
Widescreen/Letterbox:

a VHS or DVD version that is shown with the same dimensions and ratios as the original (or close to it) theater version

Return of the King (2004)

http://www.widescreen.org/widescreen.shtml

slide7

The Mummy (1999)

Cutthroat Island (1995)

intertitles title cards
Intertitles/ title cards:

D.W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915)

printed material that appears periodically on the screen, most often used in silent films to give exposition, dialogue, thoughts, descriptions not shown.

mise en sc ne
Mise-en-scène:

French for “staging”; the composition and arrangement of a shot

The Graduate (1967)

The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)

slide10

The Searchers (1956)

Rain Man (1988)

slide11
Montage:

type of editing in which brief shots are used to present a condensation of time and events

http://www.movie-montage.com/trainingMontages.php

slide12
Voice-over:

off-camera narration or commentary.

narrating I —a storyteller, usually a part of the movie

voice of God –a disembodied, objective voice with no part in the story

voice from the machine —not the voice of God, but a random voice that tries to wrap up the ending

repetitive voice over –voice from a character reverberating in another character’s head, usually previous dialogue

and more!

types of shots
Types of Shots…

Close Up (CU):

shot of the head

Close Shot (CS):

shot of the head and shoulders

Braveheart (1995)

Pirates of the Caribbean (2003)

slide14
Long Shot (LS)

Aka: the Full Shot (FS):

a shot of the entire person and much of the background

The Matrix Reloaded (2003)

Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)

Pirates of the Caribbean (2003)

slide15
Medium Shot (MS):

a shot between a close shot and a long shot

Bourne Identity (2002)

House of Flying Daggers (2004)

slide16
Extreme Close Up (ECU):

close up of a specific body part: eye, mouth, etc

Extreme Long Shot (ELS):

broad, panoramic view

Fellowship of the Rings (2001)

War of the Worlds (2005)

slide17
Establishing Shot (ES):

a shot which defines and area or setting

The Searchers (1956)

shot reverse shot
Shot-reverse-shot:

alternating shots of characters in a conversation so that the first person is seen, then the other

Notice how the camera is over this fellow’s shoulder.

What is the next shot in the film?

When Harry Met Sally (1989)

slide19
Objective Shot:

Represents what the camera sees

Subjective Shot:

Represents what a character sees

Memento (2000)

slide20

Random picture of a tunnel in Scotland

How did Dark Passage (1947) use subjective shots?

Imagine a character is walking down a dark passageway. What would it look like from a subjective shot?

slide21
Pan:

camera placed on a stationary base and pivots horizontally. A swish pan is one that moves quickly to create blur.

Tilt:

when a camera moves vertically up and down

Tracking Shot:

a camera mounted often on a track or on a vehicle; the camera moves with the action.

slide22
Fade:

Fade-out (FO) when the light decreases to (usually) blackness.

Fade-in (FI) when darkness gradually becomes lighter.

It doesn’t have to be blackness. Can be bright, like Return of the King’s three fades

The Truman Show (1998)

slide23
Dissolve:

outgoing and incoming images merge—one disappears to be replaced by another.

Form dissolve is when similar frames fade (bodies in the same location)

Edward Scissorhands (1990)

slide24
Iris Shot:

a masking shot in which everything is blacked out except for one portion, usually in the shape of a circle, but often times a key hole, binoculars, etc.

slide25
Wipe:

One shot is pushed off the frame by another shot replacing it.