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Exclamatory Sentences. Ed McCorduck English 402--Grammar SUNY Cortland http://mccorduck.cortland.edu. slide 2: characteristics of exclamatory sentences. Exclamatory sentences have wh -words (usually only what and how ) as modifiers of elements in deep structure.

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exclamatory sentences
Exclamatory Sentences

Ed McCorduck

English 402--Grammar

SUNY Cortland

http://mccorduck.cortland.edu

slide 2 characteristics of exclamatory sentences
slide 2: characteristics of exclamatory sentences

Exclamatory sentences have wh-words (usually only what and how) as modifiers of elements in deep structure.

the wh-words and the elements they modify are fronted in the surface structure (and in Reed-Kellogg diagrams of exclamatory sentences the w and h of surface-initial What and How are capitalized)

English 402: Grammar

slide 3 example of an exclamatory sentence and its reed kellogg diagram

ex

Howghastly he looks!

slide 3: example of an exclamatory sentence and its Reed-Kellogg diagram

English 402: Grammar

slide 3 another example of an exclamatory sentence and its reed kellogg diagram

ex

How you’ve ruined my life!

slide 3: another example of an exclamatory sentence and its Reed-Kellogg diagram

English 402: Grammar

slide 4 special rule for reed kellogg diagrams when how or what modifies a modifier
slide 4: special rule for Reed-Kellogg diagrams when how or what modifies a modifier

In Reed-Kellogg diagrams, if the what or how of an exclamatory sentence itself modifies a modifier (i.e., an element normally drawn below the main horizontal line such as a determiner, preposition or adverb), the how or what is connected to the modifier through a special structure:

English 402: Grammar

slide 6 example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what and its reed kellogg diagram

ex

Whata lamebrainshe is!

slide 6: example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what and its Reed-Kellogg diagram

English 402: Grammar

slide 7 example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying how and its reed kellogg diagram

ex

Howswiftlythe baying hounds run!

slide 7: example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying how and its Reed-Kellogg diagram

English 402: Grammar

slide 8 another example and diagram of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what

ex

Whata crockyou’re handing me!

slide 8: another example and diagram of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what

English 402: Grammar