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Effective Use of Teaching Aids. Session 1 Basic Teaching Skills Course for Recently-Appointed Academic Staff. Stage One Find a partner, preferably someone you don’t know. Find out a few things about them, e.g.: Who they are, Which school/unit they work in, What they do.

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effective use of teaching aids

Effective Use of Teaching Aids

Session 1

Basic Teaching Skills Course

for Recently-Appointed Academic Staff

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

task introductions
Stage One

Find a partner, preferably someone you don’t know.

Find out a few things about them, e.g.:

Who they are,

Which school/unit they work in,

What they do.

Time for task - 5 minutes

Stage Two

Prepare a brief presentation to introduce the person to the group, and illustrate it with with either:

flipchart, or

overhead transparencies.

Time for task - 10 minutes.

Stage Three

Make your presentation to the whole group.

TASK - Introductions

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes

By the end of this session, you should be able to:

  • Choose the most appropriate visual aid for your purpose and context,
  • Use the black-/white-board effectively,
  • Make the most of the overhead projector,
  • Produce a basic presentation with MS Powerpoint,
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of other media.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

why use teaching aids
Why use teaching aids?

Teaching aids are useful to:

  • reinforce what you are saying,
  • ensure that your point is understood,
  • signal what is important/essential,
  • enable students to visualise or experience something that is impractical to see or do in real life,
  • engage students’ other senses in the learning process,
  • facilitate different learning styles.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

we learn and retain
We Learn and Retain:

10% of what we READ

20% of what we HEAR

30% of what we SEE

50% of what we HEAR and SEE

Higher levels of retention can be achieved through active involvement in learning.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

white blackboard
Advantages

No advanced preparation required,

except when displaying a complex table/chart/ diagram.

Technology is not dependent on electricity or other possible glitches.

Can be used by students for problem-solving, etc.

Disadvantages

Time-consuming if you have a lot to write.

Handwriting may be difficult to read (legibility, size, glare, etc.).

Turn your back on audience.

Cleaning the board (chalk dust, permanent marker, etc.)

Can’t go back to something you’ve erased.

WHITE-/BLACKBOARD

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

white blackboard7
WHITE-/BLACKBOARD

TIPS

  • Get to the lecture hall early to make sure that the board has been cleaned.
  • Bring your own chalk/markers and eraser.
  • If you have problems with keeping your writing level, draw horizontal lines in advance using a pencil and metre stick.
  • Draw complex diagrams, charts, etc. in advance and cover with a piece of newsprint until needed.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector
Advantages

Allows you to prepare all your slides in advance.

Particularly suited for complex diagrams, charts and illustrations.

Can build up information point-by-point through the use of overlays.

Don’t have to turn your back on the audience.

Disadvantages

A blown bulb or power failure can spoil all your hard work.

Image quality can also be a problem.

Can be disorienting to manipulate transparencies on projector plate.

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector9
OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Preparing Transparencies

  • By hand, or
  • Computer application (eg. MS PowerPoint, MS Word, HTML documents)
  • Printing - colour or B/W
  • Printer (laser or inkjet), or
  • Photocopier

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector10
OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Selecting Text

  • Avoid overcrowding
  • Avoid continuous prose
  • Bullet or numbered points preferred
  • KILLS

Keep It Legible, Lean and Simple

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector11
Please observe the rules prohibiting the combustion of vegetable material and the exhalation of noxious fumes in this auditorium.

NO SMOKING

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Keep words to a minimum:

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector12
OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Tables are best avoided:

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector13
OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Use Charts/Graphs instead:

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector14
Choosing a Font

Size - minimum 20pt (5mm high)

Sans serif fonts preferred

Examples:

14 pt Tahoma

20 pt Tahoma

28 pt Tahoma

36 pt Tahoma

Times New Roman

Arial

Comic Sans

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector15
OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Style Notes for Transparencies

  • Allow a margin of 5 cm (2”) all round.
  • Avoid TOO MUCH UPPERCASE TEXT
  • For emphasis, use bold or underlining instead of italics
  • Keep titles systematic and consistent
  • Justification - left or centred
  • Avoid light text on dark background.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

overhead projector16
During the Lecture

Keep used and unused slides in separate piles.

Cover the slide with a piece of cardboard and slide it down to reveal text as you go.

Use a pen on the OHP glass rather than pointing to the screen.

Beforehand

Get to the room early to make sure the OHP is working.

Check the aim and focus.

Walk to the back of the room to see whether the smallest print is readable.

Relax (if possible).

OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

data projector portable
DATA PROJECTOR (portable)

How to connect your Laptop to a portable data projector:

  • Attach one end of the data cable to the serial port of the laptop.
  • Attach the other end to the RGB IN port of the data projector.
  • Switch the data projector on followed by the laptop.
  • Press the 'Fn' and the appropriate function key to display.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

data projector fixed
DATA PROJECTOR (fixed)

NOTE: Available in certain classrooms only

A FEW DAYS BEFORE

  • Contact Education Services Helpdesk to have your account authorised for log on.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

data projector fixed19
DATA PROJECTOR (fixed)

JUST BEFORE YOUR LECTURE/TUTORIAL

  • Log on as normal.
  • Open PowerPoint (or other application) and access files on your designated network drive, or
  • Open web browser, type in the URL and queue up what you want to present.
  • Minimise window until you are ready to use.

For further information, see: http://odtl.dcu.ie/projects/web-tl/terminals.html

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

other media flipchart
When to USE:

if electricity is unavailable,

to enable students to illustrate group reports,

to provide a written record of points made by students.

TIPS

Check the room and equipment beforehand.

Get your own pad of newsprint.

Write out important pages in advance.

Don’t put too much on a page.

Carry a collection of felt-tip pens and check that they haven’t dried out.

Bring along some Blutack.

Other MediaFLIPCHART

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

other media audio tapes or cds
When to USE:

Particularly suited for language learning, media studies, English literature, etc.

Valuable when referring to recorded historical events (e.g. Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech).

Background music can also be played before class starts and during group activities.

TIPS

Check the room and equipment beforehand.

Can it be heard from the back of the room?

Find the right spot on the tape/CD and queue it up in advance.

Don’t play more than a few minutes of audio at one time.

Break up longer clips into segments, interspersed with discussion or other activities.

Other Media AUDIO TAPES or CDs

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

other media video tapes or dvds
When to USE:

Adds a dimension not available through audio alone - helps students to visualise.

Essential when illustrating things that are impractical to do in real life.

Particularly suited for language learning, media studies, engineering, etc.

Valuable when referring to recorded historical events.

TIPS

Same as for CDs/audio tapes

Check equipment beforehand.

Can images be seen from the back of the room?

Queue up the tape in advance.

Break viewing into short segments, interspersed with discussion or activities.

Other Media VIDEO TAPES or DVDs

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

making the most of the data projector

Making the most of theDATA PROJECTOR

A brief introduction to

MS PowerPoint

Further information can be found on the CSD web-site: http://www.dcu.ie/internal/csd/sms/webguides2000/power2k/power.htm

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

task choosing media
Stage One

Work individually.

Think of a lecture/ tutorial you will be giving. What media will you use to support it?

Time for task - 2 minutes.

Stage Two

Form triads.

Share you plans with each other. Why did you choose specific media?

Time for task - 5 minutes.

TASK: Choosing Media
  • Stage Three
  • Raise problems/issues in plenary session.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning

task stop start continue
TASK: Stop - Start - Continue
  • Work individually.
  • Take out a piece of paper, and answer the following:
    • STOP - What would you like me to stop doing?
    • START - What would you like the facilitator to start doing?
    • CONTINUE - What would you like the facilitator to continue doing?
  • Fold over and hand in on your way out.

Office of the Dean of Teaching and Learning