Eating disorders
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Eating Disorders. Kimberley Clow [email protected] http://instruct.uwo.ca/psychology/155b/. Outline. Beauty Facts Anorexia Nervosa Body Mass Index Bulimia Nervosa Other Factors Causes Culture Treatment Dying to Be Thin. Body Dissatisfaction. 1972. 1997. Facts.

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Eating disorders l.jpg

Eating Disorders

Kimberley Clow

[email protected]

http://instruct.uwo.ca/psychology/155b/


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • Beauty Facts

  • Anorexia Nervosa

  • Body Mass Index

  • Bulimia Nervosa

  • Other Factors

    • Causes

    • Culture

    • Treatment

  • Dying to Be Thin



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Facts

  • If shop mannequins were real women...

  • If Barbie were a real woman, she would...

  • 1 of 4 college women use unhealthy methods of weight control

  • After just 3 min spent looking at models in a fashion magazine...

  • 20 years ago, models weighed 8% less than the average woman

    • Today...



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We Misperceive

  • Women want to be thinner than what men actually find attractive

  • Men want to be more buff than women actually find attractive


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Anorexia Nervosa

  • Refusal to maintain body weight

  • Intense fear of fat

    • Despite being underweight

  • Distortions in perception of body weight

    • Tied into self-esteem

  • Amenorrhea


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Anorexia is NOT Attractive

You shouldn’t see bones popping through your skin!


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Still Don’t Think They’re Thin

  • People with Anorexia Nervosa see themselves as fat even when they are deathly thin


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Consequences

  • Depleted Bones

  • Heart Problems

  • Endocrine Complications

  • Gastrointestinal Complications

  • Loss of Brain Mass

  • Decreased Immune System

  • Growth Impairment

  • Death



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Other Issues

  • Related Factors

    • Childhood

    • Personality

    • Family


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Bulimia Nervosa

  • Frequent, recurrent cycles of

    • Episodes of binge eating

    • Dangerous measures to prevent weight gain

  • Self-evaluation unduly influenced by weight


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Bulimia Isn’t Attractive Either

Gross!

Who Wants to Kiss That Mouth?!


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Sense of Powerlessness

Renal Complications

Gastrointestinal Complications

Electrolyte Abnormalities

Dental Problems

Laxative Abuse Complications

Bleeding

Consequences



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Other Issues

  • Related Factors

    • Personality

    • Family

    • Sexual Abuse

    • Drug Therapy


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Causes of Eating Disorders

  • Psychodynamic

  • Cognitive

  • Biological Factors


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Cultural Effects

  • Eating Disorders are on the rise in other cultures as well.

  • As thinness gains more value in other cultures, eating disorders rise


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Treatment

Eating Disorder so bad they are hospitalized!


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Dying to Be Thin

  • 15% of anorexics die from the disorder

  • Most anorexics and bulimics suffer physical consequences for the rest of their lives

    • Osteoporosis

    • Gastro-intestinal problems

    • Stunted physical development

  • Eating disorders don’t make people happy

    • Even when people become thin, they don’t feel they are thin enough  cycle never ends

    • They still suffer from low self esteem

  • This is not the answer!!


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