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Eating Disorders

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  1. Eating Disorders

  2. Risk Factors in Development of Eating Disorders • Central Feature: Dissatisfaction with _______________________________ • Intense fear of becoming fat • Distorted thinking • Chronic dieting, preoccupation with food • Cultural factors – thinness • Poor coping skills – to stress or conflict

  3. Anorexia Nervosa • A condition characterized by self-starvation and a refusal to maintain a minimal normal body weight. • BMI of ________% or less • Affects 1% of teenage girls (95%)in U.S. - approx. 10% to 16% will die

  4. Anorexic Characteristics • Distorted body image • Preoccupation with food, Kcal, fat • Engage in compulsive behavior - Bizarre eating rituals - Obsession with exercise • Often depressed

  5. Anorexic Personality Traits • Introverted • Emotionally reserved • Perfectionist • Model child

  6. Anorexic Physical Signs • Sudden severe weight loss • Sensitivity to cold • Dry skin, brittle nails, fine body hair • Fatigue • Sleep disturbances • Loss of menstruation

  7. Anorexic Health Consequences • Loss of Menstruation - ________________________ - ________________________ • Catabolized organs (heart, liver, or kidney failure) • Irregular heart beat – cardiac arrest

  8. Bulimia Nervosa • A condition characterized by periods of binge eating followed by purging. • Affects 1% to 3% of Americans (5% of young women)

  9. Bulimic Characteristics • Binge Period: Rapid consumption of large amounts of food uncontrollably - During binge, feelings are blocked out - Disappears after eating - Use of laxatives and diuretics

  10. Bulimic Personality Traits • Impulsive (increased risk for suicide) • More likely to engage in risky behavior • Recognize abnormal behavior – experience a lot of guilt and shame

  11. Bulimic Physical Signs • Normal body weight • Dental problems • Swollen glands in neck and face • Sores around mouth, sore throat • Loss of menstruation

  12. Bulimic Health Consequences • Loss of menstruation - Osteoporosis - Cardiovascular disease • Damage to bowels, liver, kidney • Electrolyte imbalance – irregular heartbeat and potential cardiac arrest