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Eating Disorders PRESENTED BY: LAURA VOKEY AND JASMIN BRACE A Silent Killer Definition of Anorexia and Bulimia

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definition of anorexia and bulimia
Definition of Anorexia and Bulimia
  • Anorexia Nervosa – is an eating disorder characterized by an unrealistic fear of weight gain, self starvation and a distortion of body image. It is often accompanied by self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, malnutrition, amenorrhea, and other physiological changes.
  • Bulimia - A chronic eating disorder involving repeated and secretive episodes of eating, characterized by uncontrolled rapid ingestion of large quantities of food over a short period of time, followed by self-induced vomiting, purging, use of laxatives, and anorexia accompanied by feelings of guilt, depression, or self-disgust
levels of study
Levels of Study
  • Social Cultural
  • Psychological
  • Biological
cause of anorexia and bulimia
Cause of Anorexia and Bulimia
  • Media
  • Music Videos
  • Food Industry
  • Peer Pressure
  • Parental Influence
  • Coaches
  • Fashion
  • Advertising
ranges of the disorders
Ranges of the Disorders
  • People can go from starving themselves to death to simply feeling bad for eating a chocolate bar as opposed to not snacking at all.
  • Most individuals don't even realize they have a problem until its to late
  • Most deny that they even have a problem because they think they have it under control when really it is controlling them.
symptoms of anorexia
Symptoms of Anorexia
  • Avoiding food consumption
  • Denying the need for food
  • Avoiding social situations where food is involved
  • Develops food rituals such as eating in secrecy, chewing food and spitting it out, rearranging food on a plate, eating unnaturally small amounts of food
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Refuses to maintain a normal body weight
  • Checking body weight on a regular basis
  • Even when underweight sees self as obese
  • Excessive exercising
  • Bases self worth on physical image of themselves
symptoms of bulimia
Symptoms of Bulimia
  • Eating unusually large amounts of food with no visible change in weight
  • Frequent trips to the bathroom after meals to purge food
  • Going for unexpected walks or drives at night to eat in secrecy.
  • Excessive exercising
  • Complicated lifestyles
side effects of anorexia
Side Effects of Anorexia
  • Loss of menstruation
  • Dry brittle nails and hair
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold
  • Bruises easily
  • Overall weakness
  • Growth of a downy layer of hair (lanugo) all over your body
  • Heart trouble
  • Low blood pressure
  • Low body temperature
side effects of bulimia
Side Effects of Bulimia
  • Unusual swelling of the cheeks or jaw area
  • Calluses on the hands or knuckles
  • Discoloration or staining of teeth
  • Brittle nails and hair
  • Stomach pain
  • Corrosion of the esophagus
  • Loss of menstrual cycle
emotional signs of an eating disorder
Emotional Signs of an Eating Disorder
  • Withdrawal from friends and activities
  • Preoccupation with body weight, weight loss, and dieting.
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Severe Criticism
males with eating disorders
Males With Eating Disorders
  • The numbers seem to be increasing. Twenty years ago it was thought that for every 10-15 women with anorexia or bulimia, there was one man. Today researchers find that for every four females with anorexia, there is one male, and for every 8-11 females with bulimia, there is one male. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 2001: 158: 570-574)
male eating disorders cont
Male Eating Disorders cont.
  • Bulimia and Anorexia are common in both males and females. Eating disorders are equal among both sexes. Although after binge sessions followed by purging women often feel guilty withholding a sense of failure. On the other hand men are less likely to have these feelings because of societal factors.
  • Many more women are diagnosed with eating disorders even though men have the very same problem but are being misdiagnosed by doctors who see eating disorders as a “woman’s problem.”
testimonies
Testimonies
  • When I was first hospitalized for anorexia, my doctor said to me "Claire, you are obviously in a lot of pain. Why don't you try using your voice instead of your body to tell me that you are hurting, to tell me what you need?" This baffled me at that time--I didn't need anything. I was "above" having needs--I didn't need even the basics of food, sleep, attention. No, I wasn't hurting--I was just "fat".
  • Years later, I look back and realize that she was right. Not only did I have needs, I needed my needs to be met. Not only was I hurting, but I needed comfort, understanding and human connection. But how? I couldn't ask for help--that would be weak, lazy, slothful..."fat". I was terrified of using my voice to ask for ask for love or attention or t even admit that I had needs at all. Who did I think I was? How dare I think that I deserve the time or attention from another person? I finally began to understand my need to disappear...
treatment for anorexia and bulimia
Treatment for Anorexia and Bulimia
  • Treatment for both disorders involves both the mind and body since this is not simply a physical affliction. There are many types of therapy including behavioral techniques, psychotherapy for improved self esteem, and nutritional therapy.
  • Treatment is extremely difficult when handling these patients because over 95% of people with the disorders deny they have them and resist help.
  • Treatment is necessary because the effects of the disorders have an extreme effect on the mind and body and can easily result in death.
sources
Sources
  • http://mentalhealth.about.com/od/eat/index.htm?terms=eating+disorders
  • www.anred.com
  • www.dictionary.com
  • www.eating.ucdavis.edu/speaking/told/anorexia/
  • www.google.com
  • www.helpguide.org/mental/anorexia_signs_symptoms_causes_treatment.htm