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Eating Disorders. “It’s not just about food and weight.” . What is an eating disorder?. An extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. (pg. 153). Causes of Eating Disorders.

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Eating disorders

Eating Disorders

“It’s not just about food and weight.”

What is an eating disorder
What is an eating disorder?

  • An extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. (pg. 153)

Causes of eating disorders
Causes of Eating Disorders

  • The exact cause of eating disorders is unknown. Possible causes may be brought on by mental or emotional factors such as:

  • 1. Poor body image

  • 2. Social and family pressures

  • 3. Perfectionism

  • 4. Some scientists think that the cause may be partly genetic.

  • Teens with a family history of weight problems, depression, or substance abuse may be more at risk.

Types of eating disorders
Types of Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia Nervosa

  • Bulimia

Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa

  • Is a disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation (pg.154)

  • It is a psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences.

Characteristics associated with the development of anorexia nervosa
Characteristics associated with the development of Anorexia Nervosa

  • Outside Pressures

  • High expectations

  • Need to be accepted

  • Need to achieve

  • Medical specialists have found that genetics and biological factors may play a role in the development of this disorder.

Symptoms of anorexia
Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa

  • Extremely low caloric intake

  • Obsession with exercising

  • Emotional problems

  • Unnatural interest in food

  • Distorted body image

  • Denial of an eating problem

Health consequences of anorexia nervosa pg 154
Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa (pg.154) Nervosa

  • Drastic cause of body fat may cause females to stop menstruating

  • Loss of bone density

  • Low body temperature

  • Low blood pressure

  • Slowed metabolism

  • May develop an irregular heart beat that can lead to cardiac arrest.

Treatment Nervosa

  • May include a stay at a clinic or hospital where the person can receive nutrients to regain weight and strength.

  • They require psychological treatment to address the problems that lead to the disorder.

Bulimia Nervosa

  • Is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating.

  • A person with bulimia often fasts or follows a strict diet and then binges, or quickly consumes a large amounts of food. After eating the person may vomit or take laxatives to purge the food from the body.

Other systems include
Other systems include: Nervosa

  • Distorted body image

  • An unusual interest in food

  • Repeated binging

  • Purging

  • Fasting

Health consequences of bulimia
health consequences of Bulimia Nervosa

  • Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration, kidney damage, and irregular heart beat.

  • Vomiting also destroys tooth enamel; causes tooth decay and damages the tissues of the stomach, esophagus and mouth.

  • Frequent use of laxative s disrupts digestion and absorption and may lead to nutrient deficiencies.

  • TREATENT includes both medication and psychological counseling.

Statistics Nervosa

  • About 90% of those with eating disorders are female. (pg.153)

  • It’s estimated that about 1% of females ages 16-18 have this illness (pg 153).

  • Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa affect as many as 3% of adolescent and young adult females, and the incidence of anorexia nervosa appears to have increased in recent decades (