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Chapter 22 Alcohol. Lesson Three Alcohol, the Individual, and Society Pgs 574-579. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol. Excessive alcohol use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems. In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth and development. Changes in the Brain.

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Chapter 22 alcohol l.jpg

Chapter 22Alcohol

Lesson Three

Alcohol, the Individual, and Society

Pgs 574-579


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Long-Term Effects of Alcohol

  • Excessive alcohol use over a prolonged period of time can damage most body systems.

  • In teens alcohol use can interfere with growth and development


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Changes in the Brain

  • Addiction

  • Loss of Brain Function-loss of verbal skills, visual and spatial skills, and memory

  • Brain Damage-reduction of brain size and cells


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Cardiovascular Changes

  • Damage to the heart

  • Enlarged heart due to increased workload caused by alcohol

  • High blood pressure


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Liver Problems

  • Fatty liver-fat builds up and cells die

  • Alcoholic hepatitis-inflammation or infection of the liver

  • Cirrhosis-liver tissue is replaced by useless scar tissue that can cause liver failure


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Digestive System Problems

  • Digestive lining is damaged and can lead to stomach ulcers and cancer of the stomach and esophagus


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Alcohol During Pregnancy

  • When a pregnant female drinks, so does her fetus

  • A female who drinks during pregnancy risks permanent damage to the fetus


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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  • FAS is a group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problems

  • An FAS baby may be born with a small head and deformities of the face, hands, and feet

  • Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common

  • FAS babies have slow growth and coordination and difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving

  • FAS is the leading cause of mental retardation in the U.S.


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Alcoholism

  • Alcoholism is a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol

  • An alcoholic is an addict who is dependent on alcohol

  • Some alcoholics become aggressive and violent, while others are more quiet and withdrawn


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Symptoms of Alcoholics

  • Craving-an alcoholic has a strong need to drink

  • Loss of Control-an alcoholic cannot limit his/her drinking and is preoccupied with alcohol

  • Physical Dependence-withdrawal symptoms like nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety

  • Tolerance-alcoholics need to drink more and more to feel the effects

  • Health, Family, and Legal Problems-alcoholics often suffer repeated injuries, drunk driving citations, and frequent arguments


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Factors Affecting Alcoholics

  • There is a genetic link to alcoholism

  • Children of alcoholics are four times more likely than other children to become alcoholics

  • Family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, and stress are other factors


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Stage One of Alcoholism

  • Abuse:

  • A person drinks and becomes intoxicated regularly

  • Lies and excuses are made about drinking


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Stage Two of Alcoholism

  • Dependence:

  • The person reaches a point where he/she cannot stop drinking and is physically dependent. Alcohol becomes the focus.


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Stage Three of Alcoholism

  • Addiction:

  • Drinking becomes the most important thing in life. Because of liver damage, less alcohol may be required for intoxication


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Effects on Family and Society

  • Alcohol plays a major role in the four leading cause of accidental death: car accidents, falls, drownings, and house fires

  • People who associated with alcoholics are codependents, and focus all of their energy onto the alcoholic


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Steps to Recovery

  • 1. Admission-the person admits to having a drinking problem and asks for help

  • 2. Detoxification-the process in which the body adjust to functioning without alcohol

  • 3. Counseling-the person receives counseling to learn how to live without alcohol

  • 4. Recovery-the person takes responsibility for his/her own life


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Treatment

  • There is no cure for alcoholism, it can only be treated

  • Recovery is the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life

  • Sobriety is living without alcohol and is a lifelong commitment


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Where to Get Help

  • Al-Anon

  • Alcoholics Anonymous

  • National Association for Children of Alcoholics

  • National Drug and Treatment Referral Routing Service