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Basic photography— Art, composition, and computer principles

Basic photography— Art, composition, and computer principles. AEE 211 February 24, 2003. What makes these images effective?. Overview. Basic composition Mood and atmosphere Qualities of a good photo Basic composition Improving composition Working with the computer Files Scanning

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Basic photography— Art, composition, and computer principles

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  1. Basic photography—Art, composition, and computer principles AEE 211 February 24, 2003

  2. What makes these images effective?

  3. Overview • Basic composition • Mood and atmosphere • Qualities of a good photo • Basic composition • Improving composition • Working with the computer • Files • Scanning • Printing

  4. Creating mood • Overall feel of a picture • Created by • Perspective • Color • Focus (isolation and distance) • Weather and light • Sunrise/sunset • Misty, rainy days • Sun vs. overcast

  5. Characteristics of a good photo • Shape • Line • Pattern • Texture • Size and space

  6. Shape • Tends to be noticed first, before texture and pattern • Easiest and most recognizable composition tool • Shape helps create a mood/character for the picture • Search for the unconventional or surprise shape in objects

  7. Creating shape • Common— • use backlighting to create a silhouette • Uncommon— • side lighting with simple background • underexpose to focus on shape vs. color or texture

  8. Line • Lines create • Shape • Pattern • Depth • Perspective • Line leads the eye • Focal point/subject • Diagonals • S-curves

  9. Line creates perspective • Lines into the horizon show depth and perspective for the viewer • Vanishing point • Point at which lines converge and vanish in to the horizon • Place off-center • Close-ups decrease perspective while wide-angles can exaggerate it

  10. Pattern • Orderly combination of shape, line, or color • Pattern can help echo the character of a photo • Catching attention • Random patterns • Slight variation in a pattern • Pattern in common places

  11. Texture • Adds realism (sense of touch) to a photo • Sharp (hard) light highlights texture • Especially important for close-up and b/w shots • Side lighting highlights texture • Most portraits use front lighting to decrease texture on skin

  12. Using light for depth • Sometimes hard light is inappropriate for illustrating shape and depth • Soft side lighting can give a sense of shape and depth without high contrast • Portraits • Still life • When shape/depth is more important that texture

  13. Size and space • 2D pictures distort depth, relative size, and distances • Include reference item • Include parts of the fore- or background • Use a frame • Be creative—maybe you want to distort

  14. Giving perspective • Linear—Lines which converge into the distance • Diminishing size—objects further away are smaller • Aerial perspective—atmosphere creates haze, which lightens objects farther away

  15. Depth and perspective • Overlapping forms—overlapping objects in a picture create depth and distance • Selective focusing—focusing on the foreground and blurring the background

  16. Improving composition • Rule of thirds • Simplicity • Angle and perspective • Framing

  17. Have a strong center of interest • Take pictures at different angles with different compositions • Work around the rule of thirds

  18. Simplicity • One strong center of interest • Foreground or background should be simple or complimentary to center of interest • Include foreground or background for sense of isolation, distance, depth, etc. • Avoid mergers

  19. Cut offs • Avoiding cutting out parts or wholes of people or main subjects • Avoiding cutting out the path of a moving object

  20. Give the object somewhere to go

  21. Working with angles • Low angles • Clear sky backdrop • Accentuate movement or action • High angle • Eliminate cloudy sky • 45 degree angles will cut glare • Avoid centered horizons

  22. Framing • Adds depth • Should fit theme • Helps subject fill the frame • Can block unwanted subjects from view • Watch focus on foreground • Focus on foreground in landscape • Focus on subject in portraits • Auto-focus should be centered on main topic • Overall—DEPENDS ON CAMERA

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