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AYURVEDA Basic Principles & their practical application. Prof. Dr. ABHIMANYU KUMAR M Sc (Psy) MD (Ayurveda), DCA, D.Yoga, PhD (Ayurveda) DIRECTOR ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF AYURVEDA New Delhi (India) & Director General CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDIC SCIENCES

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ayurveda basic principles their practical application

AYURVEDABasic Principles & their practical application

Prof. Dr. ABHIMANYU KUMAR

M Sc (Psy) MD (Ayurveda), DCA, D.Yoga, PhD (Ayurveda)

DIRECTOR

ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF AYURVEDA

New Delhi (India)

&

Director General

CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDIC SCIENCES

e mail : ak_ayu@yahoo.co.in

problems of modern life style
Problems of Modern Life-Style
  • STRESS- Physical, mental, emotional.
  • HEALTH PROBLEMS- Physical, mental and emotional diseases (including psychosomatic disorders).
  • DISTURBD FAMILY RELATIONS.
  • VIOLENCE & CRUELTY.
  • CORRUPTION/ DISHONESTY/ IMMORALITY.
  • DRUG ADDICTION.
  • NEGLECT OF LAW & ORDER AND ETHICAL, MORAL AND SOCIAL DISCIPLINE.
slide4
AYURVEDA LIFE-STYLE

IS ABLE TO OFFER BEST SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM

approach of ayurveda
APPROACH OF AYURVEDA

*PHILOSOPHICAL * HOLISTIC *HUMANISTIC

AYURVEDA

More Life and Health oriented

than Disease and Treatment

slide6
Human body is inherently endowed with an unique power of

SELF DEFENCE

SPONTANEOUS HEALING

(against injury and disease)

To assist the Nature

Role of Medicine

slide7

Dharma(Religion)

Artha (Wealth)

Kama (Pleasure)

Moksha( Salvation)

Four Goals

Of

Human

behavior

loka cosmos purusha individual constant interaction to maintain homeostasis
LOKA (Cosmos)PURUSHA

(Individual)

Constant interaction

To

Maintain

Homeostasis

ayurvedic theory of life ayu

Ayurvedic Theory of Life (Ayu)

SHARIRA

(Physical Body)

LIFE

(Ayu)

ATMA

(Conscious element)

INDRIYA

(Senses)

SATTVA

(Psyche)

differences between ayurveda and modern medicine
AYURVEDA

# Experiential Science.

# Holistic or Totalistic.

# Functional oriented

science.

Modern Medicine

# Experimental Science.

# Analytical approach.

# Structure or organ oriented.

DIFFERENCES BETWEENAyurveda and Modern Medicine
slide11
AYURVEDA’S APPROACH OF

LIFE STYLE MANAGEMENT

IS PRAKRITI (Ayurveda Body & Mind constitution) BASED

slide12

WHY TWO PERSONS

ARE NOT SAME ?

PHYSICALLY & MENTALLY

slide13
YES,

IT IS DUE TO THE UNIQUE COMPOSITION OF PRAKRITI (CONSTUTUTION) IN EVERY INDIVIDUAL

determine the total personality physique physiology psyche

PRAKRITI

(Ayurvedic Body-Mind Type)

Determine the total Personality

(Physique, Physiology & Psyche)

prakriti ayurvedic body mind type

Prakriti (Ayurvedic Body-Mind Type)

Is useful in

Understanding of human life.

Health status.

Disease susceptibility.

Preventive & promotive health care.

Treatment.

panchmahabhutas five basic elements
PANCHMAHABHUTAS(Five basic elements)
  • AKASHA ( Ether / space)
  • VAYU (Air / motion )
  • TEJA ( Fire / radiant energy )
  • JALA (water / cohesive factor )
  • PRITHVI ( Earth / mass )
the theory of tri dosha

The Theory of Tri-dosha

AKASHA

VATA

(Motional energy)

VAYU

Panchamahabhuta Biological applications of

Panchamahabhuta

TEJA

PITTA

(Chemical activities)

JALA

KKAPHA

(Solid substratum)

PRITHVI

what is prakriti
WHAT IS PRAKRITI ?

Genetically determined relative proportion of DOSHAS within the normal range.

Panchamahabhuta

DOSHAS

slide19

PRAKRITI

PHYSICAL

(SHARIRIKA)

MENTAL

(MANASIKA)

slide20

PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION

DEPENDING UPON THE RELATIVE PREPONDERANCE OF THE THREE DOSHAS

PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION IS OF

SEVEN TYPES

slide21

PERSONALITY TRAIT

VATA PRAKRITI

  • VERY SENSITIVE AND REACT QUICKLY TO CHANGES IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
  • EXCEPTIONALLY CHANGEABLE LIFE STYLE.
  • SOMETIMES DEMAND COMPANIONSHIP BUT OTHER TIMES DEMANDS SOLITUDE.
slide22

LOVE TO TRAVEL FOR FUN.

  • FIND DIFFICULT TO CONCENTRATE ON ONE THING
  • RECOGNISE THE NEED OF SELF DEVELOPMENT BUT ARE RARELY CONSISTENT WITH ANY ONE PROGRAMME
slide23

PERSONALITY TRAIT

PITTA PRAKRITI

COURAGEOUS

*

PRACTICAL IN LIFE.

*

BELIEVE IN FAIR PLAY

*

MAKE FRIENDS EASILY CONSIDERING THEIR UTILITY.

*

DEDICATED TO THEIR OWN SELF-DEVELOPMENT.

*

slide24

Pitta Prakriti

  • WELL ORGANISED LIFE STYLE.
  • GOOD IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.
  • ENJOY THE COLD WINTER AND
  • DISLIKE THE SUMMER.
  • FOND OF SLEEPING
  • PREFER TO TAKE SWEETS.
personality trait kapha prakriti
PERSONALITY TRAIT KAPHA PRAKRITI
  • USUALLY SLOW AND NEVER IN HURRY TO GET ANYWHERE.
  • NEVER TAKE RAPID FIRE DECISION.
  • LAISSIEZ-FAIR ABOUT EVERY THING IN LIFE.
  • VERY LOYAL FRIENDS.
  • GOOD LISTENER.
  • HAVE ATTACHMENT, POSSESSIVENESS & GREED.
  • PREFER WARMTH.
manasika prakriti mental constitution
MANASIKA PRAKRITI(Mental constitution)

IS A RESULT OF THE ACTIVITY OF THE THREE GUNAS AT THE TIME OF CONCEPTION.

slide27

Three Gunas

  • SATVA GUNA.
  • RAJAS GUNA.
  • TAMAS GUNA.
manasika prakriti mental constitution1
Manasika Prakriti(Mental constitution)

Classified into 16 sub-types.

satva
SATVA

MAKES THE PERSON:

  • PURE.
  • CLEAN IN THOUGHTS.
  • COURTEOUS TO ELDERS.
  • BALANCED MIND.
  • ATTACHED TO KNOWLEDGE.
rajas
RAJAS

MAKES THE PERSON:

  • EXTROVERT.
  • ADMIRER OF GOOD FOOD, STRONG PERFUMES.
  • GENEROUS TO SUBORDINATES.
  • RESULT ORIENTED.
  • FAST ACTING.
tamas
TAMAS

MAKES THE PERSON:

  • INERT.
  • RELUCTANT.
  • PERVERTING.
  • UNTIDY.
  • MALICIOUS.
relation of doshas and three mental types gunas
Relation of Doshas and three mental types (gunas)

A. VATA MENTAL CHARACTERS

  • i. Sattvika- Energetic, positive mental energy, adaptive, flexible, strong sense of humanity, quick in comprehension and good in communication.
  • ii.Rajasika- Restless, agitated, indecisive, unreliable, anxious, nervous, hyperactive, disturbed.
  • iii.Tamasic- Depressed, fearful, dishonest, self destructive, tendency to sexual perversions, mentally disturbed, prone to drug addiction
b pitta mental characters
B. PITTA MENTAL CHARACTERS
  • i. Sattvika- Clear, perceptive, intelligent, discriminating, courageous, warm, friendly, leadership abilities,
  • ii. Rajasika- Ambitious, critical, dominating, aggressive, impulsive, manipulating, angry, proud
  • iii.Tamasic- Destructive, criminal, involved in illegal activities.
b kapha mental characters
B. KAPHA MENTAL CHARACTERS
  • i. Sattvika- Peaceful, calm, stable, loving, supportive, nurturing, devoted, loyal.
  • ii. Rajasika- Materialistic , attached, greedy, requires comfort and luxury, sentimental.
  • iii. Tamasic- Lethargic, dull, thief, insensitive, apathetic.
slide36

Sharira(Body)

DIET

REGULATED

SEX

SLEEP

present trend of
PRESENT TREND OF

EATING

Rapid and Mechanical act

LIFE STYLE

slide38

Vata Consttution

Appetite & Digestion

  • ALWAYS ANXIOUS TO EAT.
  • USUALLY EAT LESS THAN THEY WANT.
  • APPETITE IS VARIABLE.
  • CONSTIPATION.
  • EXPERIENCE VARIATIONS IN BOWEL HABIT.
slide39

Pitta Constitution

APPETITE & DIGESTION

  • GOOD APPETITE & ENJOY EATING.
  • ALWAYS READY TO EAT.
  • RARELY CONSTIPATED.
  • STOOLS YELLOWISH & WELLFORMED SOMETIMES LOOSE
  • SOMETIMES STOMACH BECOMES VERY SENSITIVE. (EVEN MILK, FIGS & DATES.)
kapha constitution appetite digestion
Kapha ConstitutionAPPETITE & DIGESTION
  • MODERATE DESIRE FOR FOOD.
  • PRONE TO EMOTIONAL EATING.
  • LIKE TO TAKE LIGHT BREAKFAST.
  • DIGESTION IS FAIR.
  • BOWEL HABIT IS REGULAR.
  • IF CONSTIPATED, THEN RESPOND WITH MEDIUM STRENGHTH LAXATIVE.
rasas taste of food
RASAS( TASTE) OF FOOD
  • LIKE OUR BODY, FOOD IS ALSO MADE UP OF FIVE ELEMENTS

(PANCHA MAHABHUTA).

  • RIGHT BALANCE OF 5 ELEMENTS IN FOOD MAKE BALANCE OF DOSHAS IN OUR BODY.

GOOD HEALTH & LONGEVITY

basic functions of different tastes
Basic Functions of different Tastes
  • Madhura(sweet): Provides a sense of satisfaction.
  • Amla(sour):Provides Refreshing Sense.
  • Lavana (Salt): In Small Amount Increases Digestive Capacity.
  • Katu (Pungent):Hottest Of All The Tastes.
  • Tikta (Bitter): Coldest & Lightest Among All.
  • Kashaya (Astringent): May Slow Down The Digestion.
consideration of ayurvedic dietetics
Consideration of Ayurvedic Dietetics
  • Nature (Prakriti) of the Consumer.
  • Taste of food articles.
  • Doshika status of food articles.
  • Method of preparation.
  • Combination of food articles.
  • Emotional effect.
  • Environmental considerations.
  • Time.
  • Quantity.
slide44

NIDRA (Sleep)

Recurring natural function of the body

  • Sleep provides:
  • Healthy body
  • Strength
  • Virility
  • Sharpened Senses
  • Long Life
nidra sleep
NIDRA (Sleep)
  • Untimely & inadequate Sleep
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Sterility
  • Numbed Senses
  • Other illnesses
how much sleep do you need
How much sleep do you need ?
  • Vata constitution:

6-7 hours.

  • Pitta constitution:

7-8 hours.

  • Kapha constitution:

8-9 hours.

slide47

Disturbance in Normal Sleep pattern

Day

Night

Sleep

Kapha

Body more unctuous

Awaken

Vata

Dryness in body

slide48

SEX DRIVE

Vata Constitution

  • THINK A LOT ABOUT SEX.
  • SEX DESIRE CHANGES FREQUENTLY.
  • FIND FANTASIES MORE SATISFYING.
  • THAN PHYSICAL ACT.
  • FERTILITY IS LOWER THAN AVERAGE.
slide49

Pitta Constitution

  • AMPLE SEXUAL DESIRE.
  • ABLE TO BALANCE THE DESIRE & IT’S FULFILLMENT.
  • DELAYED SEXUAL GRATIFICATION PUT THEM TO ANGER.
  • AVERAGE IN FERTILITY.
kapha constitution
Kapha Constitution
  • STEADY DESIRE.
  • AROUSAL IS SLOW,BUT ONCE AROUSED REMAIN FOR LONG TIME.
  • FERTILLITY IS EXCELLENT.
regulated sexual activities
Regulated sexualactivities
  • Too much sexual acts aggravate Vata.
  • Vata-person should have less sex.
  • Pitta-person should have moderate sex.
  • Kapha-person could tolerate more sex.
  • Un-satisfying sex and sex with different partner destroyes ojas (vital force).
live in tune with nature
LIVE IN TUNE WITH NATURE

Follow the rules of Nature according to your

Prakriti ( Body mind Type) and observe

DAILY & SEASONAL REGIMEN

seasons
SEASONS
  • VATA SEASON:Fall and Winter.

(Cold, windy, dry & light)

  • KAPHA SEASON:Spring.

(Wet and cool)

  • PITTA SEASON:Summer.

( Hot, sometimes humid)

fall and winter season
Fall and Winter Season
  • Tends to provoke Vata.
  • If not regulated, causes anxiety, insomnia, constipation, high B.P., dry skin.
  • Balanced Vata-(Positive vata qualities)- Enthusiasm, energy, creativity.
  • Maintain a regular schedule.
  • Massage with warm oil.
  • Don’t miss any meal.
  • Take warm food and drinks.
spring season
Spring season
  • Tends to provoke Kapha..
  • If not regulated, causes heaviness and dullness. Tendency of depression. Respiratory problems.
  • Balanced Kapha-(Positive Kapha qualities)- happiness, strength, good immunity, romance.
  • Enjoy hot food.
  • Good amount of exercise.
  • Cut down sugar consumption.
  • Deep and vigorous massage.
summer season
Summer season
  • Tends to provoke Pitta.
  • If not regulated, causes inflammatory conditions, fever, hyperacidity, anger.
  • Balanced Pitta-(Positive Pitta qualities)- Good energy, vitality, strength, clarity of mind.
  • Enjoy to drink cold water
  • Massage with cool oil.
  • Avoid spicy food.
  • Enjoy sweets.
balance your vata
BALANCE YOUR VATA
  • Enjoy rich & nourishing food rich with sweet, salty and sour taste. Use spices in moderation.
  • Do gentle exercise, relaxation (meditation). Avoid too much physical / mental exertion.
  • Massage with warm oil-sesame, almond.
  • Listen calm, classical music.
  • Bright calming colors & their combinations- gold, blue, green, orange, white helps to keep vata in balance form.
  • Use sweet, warm and calming fragrances (Jasmine, rose, sandalwood, eucalyptus).
  • Cultivate peace, fearlessness. Take support of family and friends.
balance your pitta
BALANCE YOUR PITTA
  • Enjoy food which is neither too heavy nor too light. It should be rich with sweet, bitter and astringent taste. Use cooling spices ( Turmeric, coriander, fennel )
  • Do moderate exercise, relaxation (meditation).
  • Massage with cool oils- coconut, sunflower.
  • Listen cool and soft music.
  • Cool colors & their combinations- white, blue, green help to keep Pitta in balance form.
  • Use sweet and cool fragrances (Sandalwood, Jasmine, Rose)
  • Cultivate friendship, courtesy, forgiveness. Release anger, resentment. Listen other people’s point of view.
balance your kapha
BALANCE YOUR KAPHA
  • Enjoy light diet. It should be rich with pungent, bitter and astringent taste. Use spices liberally.
  • Do vigorous exercise. Strong aerobics and jogging.
  • Massage ( strong & deep) with stimulating oils- mustard.
  • Listen strong and energizing music. Enjoy singing.
  • Bright and stimulating colors & their combinations.
  • Use light and warm fragrances (Musk, Cedar, Myrrh, Eucalyptus)
  • Cultivate detachment, serve to others, unconditional love.
slide60
AYURVEDA

TIMELESS AND UNBOUNDED

slide61
Ayurveda approach

for

Life Style Management

will be able to accept the challenges met with an individual as well as Social Life, National or International affairs.