nervous system n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
NERVOUS SYSTEM: PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
NERVOUS SYSTEM:

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

NERVOUS SYSTEM: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 119 Views
  • Uploaded on

NERVOUS SYSTEM:. The Brain. Brain Factoids…. 100 billion neurons Weighs 3 pounds Gray and white matter Cerebrum = 85% of total mass of brain. 4 main areas of brain. Brain stem Cerebellum Diencephalon Cerebrum 2 halves (hemispheres 4 lobes Highly- wrinked part = cerebral cortex.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

NERVOUS SYSTEM:


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. NERVOUSSYSTEM: The Brain

    2. Brain Factoids… • 100 billion neurons • Weighs 3 pounds • Gray and white matter • Cerebrum = 85% of total mass of brain

    3. 4 main areas of brain • Brain stem • Cerebellum • Diencephalon • Cerebrum • 2 halves (hemispheres • 4 lobes • Highly-wrinked part = cerebral cortex

    4. Covered by Meninges

    5. CEREBRAL CORTEX • Sensory perception • Willed movements • Consciousness • Memory • Subcortical= • subconscious

    6. Lobes of the Brain

    7. 1. Frontal Lobe • Associated with • Reasoning • Planning • Parts of speech • Movement • Emotions • Problem solving • Personality You are who you are because of this lobe. This area determines personality and emotions. It's also involved in controlling judgment, impulses, sexual behavior, language and movement.

    8. 2. Temporal Lobe • Associated with • Perception and recognition of auditory stimuli • Memory • Speech This region controls your hearing and the ability to recognize words. It can also affect memory. Damage to the left side of this lobe can cause problems remembering what people said. Damage to the right side might stop you from recalling music or pictures.

    9. Damage to… • Broca’s Area>> expressive aphasia • Know what you want to say, but can’t get the words out properly • Yes... ah... Monday... er... Dad and Peter H... (his own name), and Dad.... er... hospital... and ah... Wednesday... Wednesday, nine o'clock... and oh... Thursday... ten o'clock, ah doctors... two... an' doctors... and er... teeth... yah. • Wernicke’s Area:>> receptive aphasia • No problem getting the words out, but the sentences don’t make sense • “I called my mother on the television and did not understand the door. It was too breakfast, but they came from far to near. My mother is not too old for me to be young.”

    10. 3. Parietal Lobe • Associated with • Movement • Orientation • Recognition • Perception of stimuli This region of the brain helps people understand what they see and feel. It also controls how they understand and process information about the environment around them, such as distance and position of objects.

    11. 4. Occipital Lobe • Associated with • visual processing Call this the visual center. This area determines if you understand what you're looking at. Damage to the occipital lobe could cause hallucinations, make objects appear larger or smaller then they are or make the colors look abnormal.

    12. Check out brain lobe function • Brain video: The work of neurons

    13. CORPUS CALLOSUM • Broad band of white matter • Contains axons that connect the right and left cerebral hemispheres

    14. Brain Stem & Associated Structures • Cerebellum • Brainstem • Midbrain • Pons • Medulla Oblongata • Spinal Cord

    15. CEREBELLUM • Regulates muscle coordination • Maintains equilibrium • Stores movement patterns • Posture

    16. Histology of the cerebellum

    17. Cerebellum & Brainstem

    18. BRAINSTEM • Relay Station • Connects brain to the spinal cord • Runs from the thalamus to the spinal cord • Composed of 3 parts • Midbrain • Pons • Medulla Oblongata • Life center- controls • breathing • heart rate • blood pressure

    19. A. Midbrain • Superior portion of the brainstem • Contains relays for visual and auditory impulses 1. Midbrain 2. Cerebellum 3. Pons 4. Medulla oblongata 5. Inferior colliculus 6. Superior medullary velum 7. Fourth ventricle

    20. B. Pons • Middle portion of the brainstem • Is a conduction pathway from body to thalamus/cerebrum/ cerebellum • Regulates respiration

    21. C. Medulla Oblongata • Inferior portion of the brainstem that controls • Cardiac function • Respiratory function • Vasomotor centers

    22. SPINAL CORD • Carries messages to and from the brain and the rest of the body • Mediates reflexes

    23. Describe a reflex arc.

    24. Two-neuron reflex arc: Impulse from sensory neuron • dendrite cell body in dorsal root ganglion, near SC (Ganglion: group of hundreds of nerve cell bodies located in the PNS.) • axon synapse • To motor neuron • dendrite cell body (in gray matter of SC) •  axonwhich runs through the ventral root of a spinal nerve • To effector

    25. Limbic System & Associated Structures • Limbic System • Hippocampus • Amygdala • Thalamus • Hypothalamus • Pituitary Gland • Pineal Gland thalamus pineal gland

    26. LIMBIC SYSTEM: emotional brain • Hippocampus • Amygdala • Thalamus • Hypothalamus

    27. A. Hippocampus • Plays a role in long term memory

    28. B. Amygdala • Plays a key role in processing emotion • Linked to • fear response • pleasure

    29. Perceive, integrate, respond

    30. C. Thalamus • Sensory relay station from various areas of the body to the cerebral cortex • Involved with • emotion • alerting mechanisms • arousal mechanisms

    31. D. Hypothalamus • Maintains Homeostasis • Releases hormones to the pituitary gland • Regulates • body temperature • water balance • sleep-wake cycle • sexual arousal • aggression/pleasure • eating/drinking

    32. HypothalamusPituitary Target Glands/Organs

    33. Pituitary Gland • Releases sex and growth hormones • Stimulates lactation • Stimulates uterine contractions • Regulates urine output

    34. Pineal Gland • Involved in the body’s sleep/wake cycle