the future of the sahel phil dobie antoine kalinganire and jules bayala world agroforestry centre n.
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The Future of the Sahel Phil Dobie, Antoine Kalinganire and Jules Bayala World Agroforestry Centre. Challenges for the Sahel. 6. Challenges for the Sahel. 6. Challenges for the Sahel. 6. Challenges for the Sahel. 6. Challenges for the Sahel.

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slide6

Challenges for the Sahel

Rising population implies increasing food demands

Poor farming practices

Overgrazing and excessive tillage leave exposed soils to erosion and increased water loss due to runoff

Land, forests and tree tenure

Loss of biodiversity

6

slide7

Challenges for the Sahel

Rising population implies increasing food demands

Poor farming practices

Overgrazing and excessive tillage leave exposed soils to erosion and increased water loss due to runoff

Land, forests and tree tenure

Loss of biodiversity

More people means more labour and productivity

Improve in response to crisis

Existing land management practices built on faulty “knowledge”: animals and trees vital

Must respond to need

Integrated livestock and farming systems

6

slide8

Challenges for the Sahel

Trees, grass, cereals, legumes

Restoration of environment for production

Maximize production

Water penetration

Transform landscapes to transform livelihoods

Fragile environment with sparse vegetative cover

70% area is already naturally degraded to different extents

Limited arable land resources

Recurrent droughts

Sahelian areas and people are under continuous threat from land degradation, desertification, food insecurity and poverty

5

slide9

Challenges for the Sahel

Trees, grass, cereals, legumes

Restoration of environment for production

Maximize production

Water penetration

Transform landscapes to transform livelihoods

Fragile environment with sparse vegetative cover

70% area is already naturally degraded to different extents

Limited arable land resources

Recurrent droughts

Sahelian areas and people are under continuous threat from land degradation, desertification, food insecurity and poverty

5

slide11

Trees on farms

  • Fodder for animals
  • Increase biodiversity
  • Fruit production
  • Traditional medicine
  • Increased soil fertility
  • Decreased soil erosion
  • Reduced wind speed
  • Increased crop yields
  • Increased water infiltration
  • Decrease in temperature
  • Inexpensive and easy to adopt
  • Increase in biomass and carbon
  • Contribute to mitigating and adapting to climate change
slide12

Sustainable land & soil management

Improved fallow systems, introduction of leguminous cover crops, help restoring soil fertility to degraded lands

Trees when intercropped with crops add nutrients and organic matter to the soil and also reduce weeds and soil surface evaporation

18

slide17

The future & way forward…

  • Focus on land stewardship
  • Make policies work for people. Shift extra-legal norms into legal frameworks
  • Invest in agroforestry as a springboard for development. Agroforestry gives people food, opportunities, hope. They then need education, health, knowledge, markets

22