The People in The Sahel • The 2 tribes of the Sahel are the Fulani and the Dogon. The Fulani have a religion called Palaaku where they mix in there love of cattle , reserve, and stoicism for instance when they get married the brides dad gives the groom a cow. The Dogon have male societies when a boy turns 12 he is eligible enough to dance Dama.
What They Eat • They eat groundnut stew with chicken made with herbs, vegetables, and spices .they make it by blending it at high speed to grind the vegetables.
Animals • Giraffe: reaches heights of 18 feet, known to Romans as the spotted camel, one of the most frequent browsers of the Sahel • Zebu: mostly used for milk, introduced from India and other countries • Warthog: migrates with the season, male tusks are up to 23 inches long • Senegal gerbil: most common mammals can grow from 4-6 inches long
Zebu • Giraffe • Warthog • Senegal gerbil
The 9 countries of the Sahel • Mali Mauritania • Chad Guinea-Bissau • Sudan • Niger • Senegal • Burkina Faso • The Gambia
30% of the Sahel has been destroyed • Their trees got cut down for fire wood and without trees rainfall slackens and soil erodes away from wind and water
The climate of the Sahel • Hot and dry year round
The average temperature and rainfall of the Sahel • Temp.: between 77 and 86 degrees • Rainfall: moderate wet season is June -September
Bodies of water in the Sahel • The longest and most powerful rivers • Lake Chad
Sahel's most distinctive feature • The flat barren plains
What happened to the Sahel between 1960 and 1980 • They had a 20 year long drought that killed thousands
The vegetation in the Sahel • Cram-Cram: is a prickly short-lived grass • Baobab: is one of the largest trees that is fire resistant and is found through-out the Sahel • Acacia: has feathery leaves to protect the bark from wind and blooms white or yellow fuzzy flowers • Grewia Bicolor: a drought resistant tree that favors rocky slopes has fruit that is used in many ways
Cram-Cram • Baobab • Acacia • Grewia Bicolor