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Workshop 2

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  1. Workshop 2 English 050

  2. Graphic Organizer • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/graphicorganizers/

  3. Simple Present/Present Continous

  4. Simple Present & Present Progressive What is the simple present in a sentence? Expresses daily habits or usual activities Example: a) Ann takes a shower every day. b) I usually read the newspaper in the morning.

  5. Present Progressive What is the present progressive in a sentence? • Expresses an activity that is in progress Example: • I am reading my magazine right now. • She is riding her bicycle.

  6. Diagram (Yesterday) (Now) (Every Day) (Tomorrow) Past Present Prog. Present Future _I_____I______I__________I_______ >>> ^ >>

  7. Facts to Remember: Pronoun+ Auxiliary Verb “Be” Use. I am We are You are They are She/He is It is

  8. Forms of the Simple Present and Present Progressive

  9. Examples: Simple present: • I like to work in the bar. • Mary wants to go to the concert. Simple Present Negative: • I do not like to work in the bar. • Mary does not want to go to the concert.

  10. Continuation: Present Progressive: • I am using the computer. • They are studying quietly. Present Progressive Negative • I am not using the computer. • They are not studying quietly.

  11. Forming the Simple Present

  12. The “S” Rule in the Simple Present

  13. Group Work: Instructions: With one of your classmates: • Write five (5) sentences in the present tense • Write five (5) sentences in the present progressive

  14. NOW LET’S PRACTICE!!!

  15. Form the simple present: 1. I ________ in a bank. (to work) 2. She ________ in Florida. (to live) 3. It ________ almost every day in Manchester. (to rain) 4. Jo is so smart that she ________ every exam without even trying. (to pass) 5. My best friend ________ to me every week. (to write)

  16. Form the present progressive: • It/ rain / today • She / wear / earrings • We / walk / to school • They / wait / for the train • We / plan / our work

  17. Building a Question

  18. Adverbs:

  19. Classroom Interaction Write the adverb on the blank. Indicate if it is of manner, time or place. • Worms live ___________. • The dog is barking ___________. • ___________ I went to the movies. • My mom cooks __________. • The little kid is ___________. • ___________ I will take an exam. • She likes to study __________. • Her room is __________. • I will go to Florida ___________. • I love my girlfriend ____________.

  20. Questions pg.36 • http://youtube.com/watch?v=b7Gw6MFRfLI&feature=related • http://youtube.com/watch?v=ghT81ByhIH4&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rQqdSagoOU&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1NbkB77QYY&list=PLF467A1F872AFF222

  21. What kinds of action do th epresent continous and simple present tenses expresses? • How do you form affirmative sentences in the present continous and simple present tenses?Give an example. • How do you formulate questions in the present continous and simple present tenses? Give an example • How do you form negative sentences in the present continous and simple presen tenses? Give an example.

  22. Writing Paragraphs

  23. Hamburger Paragraphs How to write a really great paragraph!

  24. Click on me to learn about good paragraphs!

  25. The Topic Sentence (Top Bun) • Very first sentence of your paragraph. • Always needs to be indented. • Tells what your paragraph is going to be about. There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school. Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. Click here to return to the hamburger

  26. The First Detail (Lettuce) There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school. Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. • Should not be the most important detail. • Needs to follow directly after the topic sentence. • Needs to be full of good “lettucy” details! Click here to return to the hamburger

  27. The Second Detail (Tomato) There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school.Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. • Still should not be the most important detail. • Needs to follow directly after the lettuce sentence. • Needs to be full of good “juicy” details! Click here to return to the hamburger

  28. The Third Detail (Cheese) There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school. Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. • Still not be the most important detail. • Needs to start differently than other sentences. • Needs to be full of good “cheesy” details! Click here to return to the hamburger

  29. The Last Detail (Meat) There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school. Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. • Finally!! The most important detail. • Should start differently than most of the other sentences. • Needs to be full of good “meaty” details! Click here to return to the hamburger

  30. The Closing Sentence (Bottom Bun) • Should look a lot like the topic sentence. • Needs to summarize the topic. • Needs to be an obvious end to the sentence. There are many reasons that I love to teach. First of all, I love to teach because I love being at school. Another reason I love teaching is that the days go by quickly. A third reason I love to teach is because I love seeing a student understand something new. Finally, I love to teach because I love to be around kids. These are just a few reasons I love to teach. Go toAPP E!

  31. Survey your Classsmate! REMEMBER TO USE SOLELY SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE AND/OR PRESENT PROGRESSIVE!

  32. Helping/Auxiliary Verbs • A helping verb works with a main verb to help you understand what action is taking place. Elmer was using the computer.

  33. 23 Helping/Auxiliary Verbs

  34. Helping/Auxiliary Verbs Other things to keep in mind: • Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb. • When you see an "ing" verb such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb also.

  35. Helping/Auxiliary Verbs • Sometimes there is another word which separates the helping verb from the main verb. One common example is "not", as in: The boy couldn't find his socks. The helping verb is could and the main verb is find.

  36. Helping/Auxiliary Verbs • A sentence may contain up to three helping verbs to the main verb. An example would be: The dog must have been chasing the cat. The helping verbs are: must, have, and been; the main verb is chasing.

  37. Online Verb GamesHit the Back Arrow on your browser to return. Take Dave’s Quiz Helping Verb Quiz Print and complete the Action Verb Worksheet Find the Verb Game Jeopardy Challenge Board Present and Past Tense Matching Game Verb Machine

  38. More Verb Activities • Irregular Verb Worksheet • Verb Concentration Game • ANTS PICNIC (Irregular Verb Game) • Verb Worksheet MAIN

  39. Verb “to do”

  40. Primary helping verbs • Uses of Do, Does and Did • In the simple present tense, do will function as an auxiliary to express the negative and to ask questions. (Does, however, is substituted for third-person, singular subjects in the present tense. The past tense did works with all persons, singular and plural.)

  41. Primary helping verbs • With "yes-no" questions, the form of do goes in front of the subject and the main verb comes after the subject: • Did your grandmother know Truman? • Do wildflowers grow in your back yard?

  42. Primary helping verbs • Forms of do are useful in expressing similarity and differences in conjunction with so and neither. • My wife hates spinach and so does my son. • My wife doesn't like spinach; neither do I.

  43. Primary helping verbs • Do is also helpful because it means you don't have to repeat the verb: • Larry excelled in language studies; so did his brother. • Raul studies as hard as his sister does.

  44. Primary helping verbs • The so-called emphatic do has many uses in English. • To add emphasis to an entire sentence: "He does like spinach. He really does!" • To add emphasis to an imperative: "Do come in." (actually softens the command) • To add emphasis to a frequency adverb: "He never did understand his father." "She always does manage to hurt her mother's feelings."

  45. Primary helping verbs To contradict a negative statement: "You didn't do your homework, did you?" "Oh, but I did finish it." To ask a clarifying question about a previous negative statement: "Ridwell didn't take the tools." "Then who did take the tools?" To indicate a strong concession: "Although the Clintons denied any wrong-doing, they did return some of the gifts." In the absence of other modal auxiliaries, a form of do is used in question and negative constructions known as the get passive: Did Rinaldo get selected by the committee? The audience didn't get riled up by the politician.

  46. Subject Pronouns/Object Pronouns

  47. Practice: • Frank and Pedro are my friends. ______ are my brothers. • This is Alice. _____ is in my class. • Judy lost her book. I found it, and I gave it to _____. • That is Maria’s husband. ______ works in downtown. • Fernando and ____ are cousins. ____ enjoy listening to music together. • My best friends are on vacation. _____ are in Paris. • Are you from San Juan, P.R.? ____ is a beautiful city. • Sam gave the baseball bat to Juan. ____ was her birthday gift for ____.

  48. Glori had no idea the surprise party was for ____. ____ loved ___! • Manuel, Lulu, Wilma and _____ (referring to the speaker) went to the movies. ____ had a terrific time.

  49. Auxiliary verb to have

  50. Primary helping verbs •  Uses of Have, Has and Had • Forms of the verb to have are used to create tenses known as the present perfect and past perfect. The perfect tenses indicate that something has happened in the past; the present perfect indicating that something happened and might be continuing to happen, the past perfect indicating that something happened prior to something else happening.