WORKSHOP 2PRODUCTION SHOOTING YOUR MOVIE
CAMERA BASICS Types of Cameras (for our purposes) Phone Camera – Universally Accessible. Consumer Camera – Easy to use, consumer price. Pro-sumer Camera – More professional features.
ACQUIRING EQUIPMENT Low Budget Rule: Use what is readily available to you. Borrow, Share, Make Deals, Call in Favours Rent as a last resort www.trinitysquarevideo.com www. charlesstreetvideo.comwww.lift.ca
CELL PHONE CAMERAS Basic Phone Camera Use Does not attach to tripod(hold with two hands) Does not Zoom In Camera Audio Only Point and Click
CONSUMER CAMERAS Basic Consumer Camera Use Tailored to Automatic Function Records to SD Card or DV Tape May have Audio Inputs for external microphones.
DSLR CAMERAS Basic DSLR Camera Use Can take both stills and video. Interchangeable lenses. In camera audio and inputs forexternal microphones. No auto focus in video mode. Cinematic video quality (Low depth of field) Shoots to various memory cards. (No tape)
PRO-SUMER CAMERAS Basic Pro-Sumer Camera Use Usually larger – closer to professional size. Automatic and Manual features. Line or XLR Audio Inputs
LIGHTING Plan your shoot based on Light. What light sources are available? Attempt to use as much natural and available light as possible. What is the focus of your shot? How can you use light to draw attention to it? Aperture – controls how much light reaches the camera.
EXPOSURE Overexposed Underexposed - Too much light - Not enough light - Highlights “Blown Out” - Shadows “Crunched”
AUDIO The most overlooked aspect of filmmaking! Consider outside noises (fridges, traffic etc.) Don’t shoot in the wind if you don’t have a wind sock Camera’s with audio input vs. those without. added accessory. Mircrophones are built into most cameras Clip on Microphones (for interviews) can be an
NARRATION Definiton of narrate:to tell (as a story) in detail; also: to provide spoken commentary for (a movie or television show) Breath-control Diction Enunciation Inflection Intonation Pronunciation Pacing
INTERVIEW SKILLS Direct the Interview Subject to : Speak in clear, complete sentences Take a break between ideas Include the question as part of the answer Where to look (eyeline)
DIRECTING SCENES AND ACTORS Be mindful of the following: Continuity – Shots should follow a chronology to avoid editing errors (ex. A cup can’t be full in one shot and half full in another) Shot list – Make sure you’re getting each shot you’ve planned for and there is enough time alloted to shoot. Pre-Viz – refer to the planning you did before shooting. Did you make a storyboard? Blocking – Just like in theatre the action in a scene needs to be choreographed
DIRECTING SCENES AND ACTORS Be mindful of the following: The Rule of Thirds – It is aesthetically pleasing to frame your shots using spacing in “thirds” of the frame. For instance you can have somone take up the centre of the frame, leavin two empty thirds on either side. Head Room – Don’t chop off anyones head by framing too low. Likewise, don’t leave too much room from a persons head to the top of the frame. Find a pleasing amount of room and frame for that. Rehearsl – Go through the blocking, dialgue, any major action BEFORE it’s time to shoot, to avoid doing a million takes.
APPLYING WHAT WE’VELEARNED EXERCISE: Using the Cameras we’ve just studied, record a mock interview or dramatic scene from a movie Practice the interview or scene directing skills previously discussed.