Buddhism. Origins. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha) in approximately 520 BCE in Northeast India. . Origins - Siddhartha Gautama. Wanting to free his mind of daily concerns, Siddhartha began fasting and meditating.
Eventually, he came to understand the answers to questions he had about human life.Origins - Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha did not want his followers speculating about such matters as God, the nature of the universe, and the afterlife.
Instead, Buddha urged his followers to focus instead on the Four Noble Truths by which they can free themselves from suffering.Views
The Buddha taught that humans suffer because we continually strive after things that do not give lasting happiness.
During life, humans should also strive to gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth, or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit.Life’s Purpose
This is different than reincarnation in Hinduism because Buddhists do not believe the soul passes on to the next body.Afterlife
Although each flame is causally connected to the one that came before it, is it not the same flame.
Thus, in Buddhism, reincarnation is usually referred to as "transmigration."Afterlife
(in some sects)
Mahayana sutras (like the Lotus Sutra)
Tibetan Book of the Dead - describes in detail the stages of death from the Tibetan point of viewHoly Text(s)