the theory and practice of stage lighting n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Theory and Practice of Stage Lighting PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Theory and Practice of Stage Lighting

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

The Theory and Practice of Stage Lighting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 260 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Theory and Practice of Stage Lighting. Gordon Hughes SCDA Workshop – Feb 2010. Background. These slides were originally used for a workshop at St Serf’s Hall given in Feb 2010 for the SCDA .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Theory and Practice of Stage Lighting' - paiva


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the theory and practice of stage lighting

The Theory and Practiceof Stage Lighting

Gordon Hughes

SCDA Workshop – Feb 2010

background
Background
  • These slides were originally used for a workshop at St Serf’s Hall given in Feb 2010 for the SCDA.
  • The workshop was highly practical, and the slides only indicate the structure of the talk, rather than a complete training course.
  • After the talk this presentation has been extended to include other useful information in line with the discussions at the workshop.
  • The dominance of Strand equipment in the presentation reflects the equipment available in Edinburgh Theatres.
contents
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Theory of Stage Lighting
  • Coffee Break
  • Lighting Design in General
  • Lighting for the SCDA 1-Act Festival
  • Questions and Wrap Up
introduction
Introduction
  • Stage Lighting has been around since the beginning of theatre, and used the lighting technologies of the period
    • Sun
    • Candles / Fire torches - floats
    • Oil / Paraffin
    • Gas - size of lighting bars
    • Electricity
resources
Resources
  • Equipment
  • Budget (money)
  • Time (design time + theatre time)
equipment resources
Equipment Resources
  • Theatre lanterns available
    • Lanterns owned by the theatre
    • Group or Personal lanterns available
    • Borrowed or Hired lanterns available
  • Number of dimmers + control circuits available
  • Other equipment required
    • Accessories (depending on Lantern)
    • Coloured Gel
    • Rigging equipment
    • Cabling + Adaptors
types of lantern
Types of Lantern
  • Flood Lights
  • Par Cans (and Birdies)
  • Spot lights
    • Soft edge – Fresnel Spots
    • Hard edge – Profile Spots (fixed or variable)
    • PC Spots and Beam Lights
  • Intelligent Lights – multiple controls per lantern
    • LED based technology
    • Moving Head and Moving Mirror
  • Effects
  • See also: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stage_lighting_instrument
flood lights
Flood Lights
  • Optical system of Lamp + Reflector
  • Covers a wide area
  • Limited control over shape/area covered
  • Good for
    • Colour washes
    • Lighting cyclorama (from top or bottom)
    • Working lights
examples of flood lights
Examples of Flood Lights
  • Old Strand Patt 137 + Patt 60 + Patt 49
  • Newer Strand Coda/Nocturn 500/1000
  • Grouped together to form Battens for lighting cycloramas or acting area washes
par technology
Par Technology
  • Appeared during the 1970s when range of sealed lamps with Parabolic Aluminium Reflector were developed.
  • Made popular with pop concerts, then started to appear in theatres
  • A cross between a flood light and spotlight
  • Asymmetric bright region
  • Different sizes and powers available
examples of par lights
Examples of Par Lights
  • Par 64 – 1000W
  • Par 56 – 500W
  • Par 16 – Birdie
  • All lamp sizes available with different beam angles
  • Now available with LED based white lamps
soft edge spot lights
Soft Edge Spot Lights
  • Addition of a low quality lens
  • Light gives a bright area and a spill area
  • Control over area covered by moving lamp position relative to the lens
  • Bright area can be shaped by barn doors
  • Used for general lighting
  • In larger theatres also used with wide angle beams like flood lights
examples of soft edge spots
Examples of Soft Edge Spots
  • Old Stand : Patt 123, Patt 223, Patt 743
  • Newer Strand : Patt 803
  • Recent Strand : Prelude F, Cantata F,

(also Quartet F, Harmony F, Alto F, etc.)

  • Many others makes including CCT Focus Spot range
hard edge spot lights
Hard edge Spot Lights
  • Profile spotlights
  • Better optical system to give a well focused beam
  • With multiple lenses can give variable beam
  • Accessories such as Iris or Gobo or shutters
  • Used for:
    • Highlighting action
    • Projection of gobos
    • Follow Spots
examples of hard edge spots
Examples of Hard Edge Spots
  • Old Strand: Patt 23, Patt 264, Patt 764
  • Newer Stand: Prelude, Cantata, Alto, etc.

Prelude 16/30 + Prelude 28/40 at St Serf’s

  • Recent Strand: SL range

(fixed and variable beam models (e.g. CHT))

  • ETC Source 4 – more modern profile range
other types of spotlight
Other types of Spotlight
  • PC Spotlights use a Prism-Convex lens and can offer a wider range of beam angles. The Festival theatre has some, as well as a number of schools, but they are not common.
  • Beamlight or Pageant lanterns give a very intense soft edged beam of light. Adam House Theatre has some old Patt 58 ones.
intelligent lights leds
Intelligent Lights - LEDs
  • Allows colour change control + flashing
  • Many options available for number of control channels used
  • E.g.
      • 1 – Red Intensity
      • 2 – Green Intensity
      • 3 – Blue Intensity
      • 4 – Preset colour settings
      • 5 – Strobe Control
      • 6 – Sound to Light control
intelligent lights movers
Intelligent Lights - Movers
  • Moving Head
  • Moving Mirror
  • Come in soft and hard edge versions
  • All use multiple control channels
lighting effects
Lighting Effects
  • Mirror Balls
  • Fire Flickers
  • UV Tubes and UV Spots
  • Disco Lights
  • Practical Lights (e.g. Standard Lamps)
requirements
Requirements
  • Read the Script
  • Discuss with Director
  • Discuss with Designers (esp Set Design)
  • Results of Research into time or location
constraints
Constraints
  • Limited Number of Circuits
  • Limited Number of Lanterns
  • Limited Power available (per dimmer)
  • Limited Power available (total)
  • Limited Budget
  • Limited (unrealistic) time schedules
  • Communications Issues
outputs from design process
Outputs from Design Process
  • Lighting Synopsis – what effects and moods are required during the show
  • Lighting Plan –
    • what lanterns are required
    • where are the put
    • what will they do
    • what colour will they be
    • what accessories are required
making the plan a reality
Making the plan a reality
  • Physical/Engineering
    • Rig – mount on the rig (2 mounts/lantern)
    • Cable – connect each lantern to a dimmer
    • Colour – Add colour and other accessories
  • Artistic – likely to need input from director
    • Focus – Make each light point as required
    • Plot – record all states required for by show
effect of angle of light
Effect of Angle of light
  • The angle at which the light points towards the actor or the stage will affect the mood created by the lighting (examples in reference books)
  • Beware of actors facing downwards where all the lighting is from above, e.g. most raised stages where audience look upwards
  • Remember to consider where the spill from the light will fall (examples of effects from the recent drama festival)
general lighting
General Lighting
  • Idea of Splitting the stage into areas and lighting each area with one or two spotlights depending on resource.
  • 9 Areas (3 x 3) typically used at St Serf’s for SCDA Drama festivals.
  • Floods or Pars to produce colour washes
specials
Specials
  • A “special” is any light which is used for a special purpose, usually a special effect, in other words that is not part of the general lighting. E.g.
    • Highlighting actors or items of set
    • Projecting images such as gobos
historical bibliography
Historical Bibliography
  • 1930s
    • C H Ridge and F S Aldred: Stage Lighting Principles and Practice, Pitman 1935
  • 1950s
    • S Selden and F S Sellman: Stage Scenery and Lighting, Harrap
  • 1960s
    • F Bentham: The Art Of Stage Lighting, Pitman, 1968 (2nd ed 1976)
  • 1970s
    • R Pilbrow: Stage Lighting, Studio Vista, 1970
    • F Reid: The Stage Lighting Handbook, Pitman, 1976 (2nd ed 1980s)
  • 1980s
    • T Streader and J A Williams: Create Your Own Stage Lighting, Bell & Hyman, 1985
other information on line
Other Information on line
  • Wikipedia: Stage_lighting_instrument
  • The Strand Archive
  • http://www.onstagelighting.co.uk/
  • http://www.blue-room.org.uk/
  • Beware that some on-line resources use American terminology which does sometimes differ from European terms.