Starting, Strengthening, and Maintaining Comprehensive Student Assistance Programs (SAP) Equal Access to Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Starting, Strengthening, and Maintaining Comprehensive Student Assistance Programs (SAP) Equal Access to Prevention

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  1. 12nthAnnual Adult Educators Conference on May 6th Starting, Strengthening, and Maintaining Comprehensive Student Assistance Programs (SAP) Equal Access to Prevention

  2. STARTING: By listening to and using student/family strengths to meet their needs, SAP helps students own their education. Owners are careful with their time and effort; when one student benefits, they often want other students to have access to the same support. STRENGTHENING: Comprehensive SAP programs can be organized in ways that every student receives something, vulnerable students receive more, and students at high risk receive individualized services. MAINTAINING: This workshop shares successful prevention models (even in tough fiscal times) that sustain because students/families own their SAP. Owners and Renters IOM Prevention Categories SAP Models Starting, Strengthening, and Maintaining Comprehensive Student Assistance Programs Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  3. For more TA and Training: Call Phone: 1-877-568-4227 Jan Ryan: 760.333.6102 Jblakeryan@aol.com

  4. Starting an SAP Owners and Renters: start with the end in mind

  5. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant


  6. Fragmented and Marginalized Programs/Services Clinic Psychological Testing HIV/Aids Prevention After-School Programs Health Services Special Education Physical Education Violence & Crime Prevention Health Education NutritionEducation Pupil Services Juvenile Court Services School Lunch Program School Drug Prevention Community-Based Organizations Counseling Drug Services Social Services Mental Health Services Pregnancy Prevention Smoking Cessation For Staff HIV/AIDS Services Codes of Discipline Child Protective Services Adapted from: Health is Academic: A guide to Coordinated School Health Programs (1998). Edited by E. Marx & S.F. Wooley with D. Northrop. New York: Teachers College Press. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  7. SAP = introduction to support SAP-Coordinated Prevention is an ambassador for mental health at school, home, communitywide • Welcomes • Educates • Links to other services • Creates expectations Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  8. Inside the Numbers • ~25% of 7th graders and 21% of 9th grade students have been in a physical fight one or more times within the past 12 months. • ~33% of high school students report that they have been so sad and hopeless almost every day for two weeks that they stopped doing some usual activities. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  9. Inside the Numbers • Research has shown that about ~11% of children live with a parent who is in need of treatment for drugs or alcohol dependency. • Alcohol and drug abusing parents are 3x more likely to abuse their children and 4x more likely to neglect them. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  10. Definition of SAP “A Student Assistance Program is a comprehensive school-based program for students (K-12) designed to identify issues which prevent students from learning and being successful in school. SAP provide education, prevention, early identification, intervention, referral and support groups.” (Help is Down the Hall by Jim Crowley) Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  11. SAP is available in many districts • Local Educational Agency Plans – Goal 4: 353 of 1300 indicated that they planned to use a Student Assistance Program as a research based strategy for prevention/intervention in AOD use. • 423 of 858 LEAs reporting indicated that they had a “systematic program of identification and intervention with students showing signs of problems with substances and/or violence.” Source: Safe and Healthy Kids Annual Report 2004-05 Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  12. Referral Sources • Teacher Referral 41% • Self-Referral 29% • Counselor Referral 23% • Parent Referral 7% Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  13. Survey of SAP shows Issues do California High School SAPs Address: • Alcohol and Other Drug Use (92%) • Mental Health Issues (92%) • Academic Performance (92%) • Violence/Bullying (89%) • Attendance (86%) Source: High Risk Users Report Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  14. Reducing abuse may significantly improvethe learning environment for all students 9% of 9th-graders, identified as high risk users of AOD are responsible for: • 21% of school fighting, • 24%-27% of school vandalism, D/F’s, and chronic truancy (once a month or more), • 34% of weapons possession. 18% of 9th-graders, identified as high risk users of AOD are responsible for: • About 30% of fighting and vandalism. • About 40% of chronic truancy, D/F’s, and weapons possession. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  15. AOD as a “calling card” High Rate Underage Users are more likely to also exhibit problem behaviors in the areas of: • ATTENDANCE • ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT • DISCIPLINE/BEHAVIOR • MENTAL HEALTH Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  16. Strengthening an SAP If you hear the answer “no”, then you called the wrong office.

  17. Prevention for all, some, and one student/family at a time Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  18. Continuum of Care Protractor With respect to substance abuse, prevention can be concretely defined as all services provided prior to a specific diagnosis of abuse or dependence – treatment comes after. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  19. IOM Prevention Services Populations: Quick Look and WHY IOM MATTERS Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  20. The Standard 6 CSAP Prevention Strategies • 1. Information Dissemination • 2. Prevention Education • 3. Alternative Activities • 4. Community-Based Processes • 5. Environmental Approaches • 6. Problem Identification and Referral Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, 1993. Prevention Primer Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  21. CSAP Six Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  22. Connecting the Tools • One Dart board: Continuum of Services - the Big Picture • Three Circles: IOM prevention populations: universal, selected and indicated • Six Darts: Six Prevention Strategies: Alternatives, Environmental, Information Dissemination, Education, Community-based Processes, Problem Identification and Referral • Many Scores and Systems: Cal OMS Prevention, Evaluation of County, School, Grant Programs Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  23. Resilience and Assets = School Connectedness • Caring Relationships – supportive connections with others who serve as pro-social models and support healthy development. • High Expectations – direct and indirect messages that students can and will succeed. • Opportunities for Meaningful Involvementrelevant, engaging, and interesting activities. including opportunities for responsibility and contribution. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  24. IOM and SAP ComponentsComprehensive SAP = Evidence-based Process • Universal • School Board Policy • Staff Development • Integration with Other School-based Programs • Cooperation and Collaboration Communitywide • Classroom Curriculum and School-wide Events • Crisis Team Response • Selected • Educational Student Support Groups • Parenting Workshops • Indicated • Internal Referral Process and Services • Individualized Family Conferences and Family Action Planning • Suicide Prevention and Intervention Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  25. Underage Binge Drinking Sample Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  26. Preventing Violence Sample Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  27. Exit Test Support Sample Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  28. Slow down to go fast. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  29. Indicated Prevention for individuals Prevention the size of one Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  30. Needs Of school, community Services Available in schools, communities Indicated Prevention Linkages Internal Student/Family Strengths, Assets, Needs, Resources Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  31. Basic SAP Process Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  32. Peers and Family Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  33. On a scale of 0 to 10, how important is it for you to change ____________________? 0 _________________________10 • Answer is: 5 • Why are you at a 5 and not 0? The answer to that question is their reason for change. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  34. Appreciative Inquiry Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  35. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  36. Maintaining SAP Relationships last longer than the money.

  37. SAP Design • SAP provides an “umbrella” of prevention, identification, screening, intervention and support strategies within a school, often in collaboration with a community support network. Three Structures: • External • Internal • Combination Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  38. Continuum of CollaborationWhat does it take to be on the team? One school District-wide CBO Agency Networking with other systems Cooperating between systems Empowering students & parents as full partners Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  39. Sustainable Designs • Internal: • San Juan School District, Sacramento • Poway School District, Southern California • External: • Watsonville: Linda Perez • Combination: • Desert Sands Unified School District • Murrieta Unified School District Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  40. Funding: Today and Tomorrow Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  41. Stages of Collaboration School staff view prevention program as another pressure to their day Competition Initiating Prevention program presented in classroom by prevention staff with school staff observation or assistance Networking/ Cooperation Nurturing School staff trained in prevention program School staff implements program Continuous dialogue and support between school and prevention staff Cooperation/ Coordination Alliance built between school and prevention Staff School begins to see prevention program as integral part of school Coalition Sustaining Prevention services considered part of school’s LEAP, mission, or strategy plan Staff informed, aware, and supportive of services School assists in securing funds for prevention services Collaboration/ Partnership Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  42. Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  43. Listening = TA on Demand Listening to our “consumers” Linking with families, friends Looking for talent among our peers Letting our imagination lead the way Laying it on the line: ways to say what is real and still keep your job Letting other people know - you know you don’t know and are open to learning Jan Ryan, CARS Consultant

  44. For more TA and Training: Call Phone: 1-877-568-4227 Jan Ryan: 760.333.6102 Jblakeryan@aol.com