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Classical Roots . Lesson 7: Before and After. roots. ANTE <L. before PRE <L. before . antebellum. Of a period before a war, especially the American Civil War (bellum <L. war) . antecedent. A thing or event that precedes The noun to which the pronoun refers Preceding; going before

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Classical Roots


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classical roots

Classical Roots

Lesson 7: Before and After

roots
roots
  • ANTE <L. before
  • PRE <L. before
antebellum
antebellum
  • Of a period before a war, especially the American Civil War

(bellum <L. war)

antecedent
antecedent
  • A thing or event that precedes
  • The noun to which the pronoun refers
  • Preceding; going before

(cedere <L. to go)

anterior
anterior
  • Coming before in position or time
a vant garde
avant-garde
  • Ahead of the times, especially in the arts (adjective form)
  • A group that is ahead of the times (noun form)
vanguard
vanguard
  • The foremost position, especially in an army or fleet
  • Leaders of a movement, fashion, etc.

(bellum <L. war)

practice
PRACTICE!
  • Which word refers to a person who seems ahead of the times?

antebellum? vanguard? avant-guard?

(avant-guard)

practice1
PRACTICE!
  • An event that comes before another is called an …

antebellum? antecedent? anterior?

(antecedent)

practice2
PRACTICE!
  • A leader of a movement can be called a …

anterior? vanguard? avant-guard?

(vanguard)

precept
precept
  • A command; a rule of conduct

(capere <L. to take)

predestination
predestination
  • The belief that what happens in life has already been determined by a higher power

(destinare <L. to determine)

preempt
preempt
  • To take possession of something before anyone else can do so; to take priority over something of lesser importance

(emere <L. to buy)

premonition
premonition
  • A warning in advance

(monere <L. to warn)

preposterous
preposterous
  • Absurd; contrary to nature or reason

(post<L. after)

pretentious
pretentious
  • Showy; pompous; claiming unjustified distinction

(tendere <L. to extend)

practice3
PRACTICE!
  • Something that is just strange, unrealistic, bizarre…

preempt? preposterous? pretentious?

(preposterous)

practice4
PRACTICE!
  • A rule of conduct can be called a

premonition? predestination? precept?

(precept)

practice5
PRACTICE!
  • One that believes that life events have already been determined and cannot be changed believes in ______________.

preempt? premonition? predestination?

(predestination)

practice6
PRACTICE!
  • If a person is trying to show off the brand name he or she is wearing, that is rather _______________.

pretentious? precept? premonition?

(pretentious)

challenge
challenge!
  • Models at fashion shows often wear garments that are ahead of their times or rather ____________.

(avant-garde)

challenge1
challenge!
  • A distinct feeling of knowing or being warned of a future event is a

(premonition)

challenge2
challenge!
  • What are the most common ____________ that cause war? Understanding the events that have led to war can help us prevent future fighting.

(antecedents)

challenge3
challenge!
  • Gone with the Wind is a movie that portrays pre-war life in ___________ Georgia.

(antebellum)

challenge4
challenge!
  • English archers decimated the French ___________of mounted knights.

(vanguard)

challenge5
challenge!
  • As she picked up the letter, she had an eerie ____________that it was full of bad news.

(premonition)

challenge6
challenge!
  • The gentleman waved his expensive watch in a _____________manner in order to show others that he could afford the best.

(pretentious)

challenge7
challenge!
  • Talk radio hosts are often regarded as the being the ____________of the conservative or liberal movement.

(vanguards)

challenge8
challenge!
  • Believing that a higher power controls your fate is _________________.

(predestination)

challenge9
challenge!
  • Most people are familiar with the basic ___________, or principles, of Christianity.

(precepts)

challenge10
challenge!
  • It is _______________ to believe that just because you are a teenager you can behave carelessly.

(preposterous)

challenge11
challenge!
  • Talk show hosts often like to discuss the _______________ for people making poor choices.

(antecedents)

challenge12
challenge!
  • A nicer way of telling somebody that an idea is rather stupid might be to say, “That is ____________!”

(preposterous)

challenge13
challenge!
  • The inability to pay her bills ____________ her chance for a stable future.

(preempted)

challenge14
challenge!
  • A printing press could be considered an ______________ to a copy machine.

(antecedent)

challenge15
challenge!
  • She had a dream that she thought was a _____________ of an accident that would happen later.

(premonition)

challenge16
challenge!
  • Although he was taught the __________ of good manners, it was strange that he was tactless and inconsiderate!

(precept)

challenge17
challenge!
  • Shakespeare was a ____________ in English literature during the Renaissance. His works influenced many other writers.

(vanguard)

challenge18
challenge!
  • The decorations at the party were too ___________. They were far too elaborate for a casual gathering.

(pretentious)

challenge19
challenge!
  • Regular tv programming was _____________due to the Olympics being broadcasted in its place.

(preempted)

challenge20
challenge!
  • French Impressionists were ______________in a new art movement.

(vanguards)

challenge21
challenge!
  • The couple believed that ______________brought them together. It was meant to be!

(predestination)

challenge22
challenge!
  • Some people have a spooky ability to have ______________of things that will happen later.

(premonitions)

challenge23
challenge!
  • One important ___________of Chinese culture is respect for one’s elders.

(precept)

challenge24
challenge!
  • People that do not believe in ghosts may find shows like Ghost Adventures to be quite __________.

(preposterous)

challenge25
challenge!
  • For most babies, crawling ____________ walking.

(antecedes)

challenge26
challenge!
  • What were the _____________that caused the closing of the sports’ fields to the public?

(antecedents)

challenge27
challenge!
  • Although the school district had let community groups use the sports’ fields, they _______________ the fields just for school use when they found vandalism.

(preempted)

challenge28
challenge!
  • Petrarch led the _____________ of Renaissance philosophers who studied the ancient works of the Romans and the Greeks.

(vanguard)

challenge29
challenge!

Place all vocabulary words into the categories of:

NOUNS

ADJECTIVES

VERBS

nouns
NOUNS
  • antecedent
  • avant-garde
  • vanguard
  • precept
  • predestination
  • premonition
adjectives
ADJECTIVES
  • antebellum
  • antecedent
  • anterior
  • avant-garde
  • preposterous
  • pretentious
verbs
VERBS
  • preempt
challenge30
challenge!
  • What is the adjective form of antecedent?

(antecedent)

challenge31
challenge!
  • What is the verb form of antecedent?

(antecede)

challenge32
challenge!
  • Of which two parts of speech can “avantgarde” be?

(noun and adjective)

challenge33
challenge!
  • What is the noun form of “preposterous”?

(preposterousness)

challenge34
challenge!
  • What are two noun forms of “pretentious”?

(pretension and pretentiousness)

challenge35
challenge!
  • What is are to verb forms for the word “predestination”?

(predestinate and predestine)