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Classical Roots

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  1. Classical Roots Lesson 14: sports

  2. ROOTS • SALIO, SALIRE <L. jump, leap • VALEO, VALERE <L. to be strong • VOLVO, VOLVERE <L. to revolve

  3. SALEO, SALIRE, SALUI • <L. To jump, leap

  4. assail • To attack violently; to assault • To attack with words; to ridicule or criticize harshly (as = ad <L. to)

  5. desultory • Jumping from one thing to another; rambling • Haphazard or random (de <L. down from)

  6. exult • To rejoice greatly; to be triumphant (ex <L. from or out of)

  7. resilient • Capable of returning to the original shape after being bent or stretched • Buoyant; recovering quickly from illness, change, or misfortune (re <L. back)

  8. salient • Conspicuous; striking • Projecting up and out

  9. Practice! • Random, jumping from one thing to another… resilient? exult? desultory? (desultory)

  10. Practice! • Buoyant; recovering quickly from change, illness, or misfortune resilient? exult? desultory? (resilient)

  11. Practice! • To rejoice greatly; to be triumphant resilient? exult? desultory? (exult)

  12. Practice! • To attack violently; to assault… assail? salient? desultory? (assail)

  13. Practice! • Striking; conspicuous… assail? salient? exult? (salient)

  14. Practice! • To attack with words; to ridicule… salient? assail? resilient? (assail)

  15. Practice! • Capable of returning to the original shape resilient? exult? desultory? (resilient)

  16. VALEO, VALERE, VALUI • <L. To be strong

  17. convalesce • To recover health after illness

  18. avail • To use to one’s own advantage

  19. prevalent • Widely occurring or in general use (pre <L. before, forth)

  20. valor • Heroic courage; bravery

  21. Practice! • To use to one’s advantage… convalesce? valor? avail? (avail)

  22. Practice! • To recover after illness… convalesce? avail? prevalent? (convalesce)

  23. Practice! • Widely occurring… convalesce? avail? prevalent? (prevalent)

  24. Practice! • Heroic courage… valor? avail? prevalent? (valor)

  25. VOLVO, VOLVERE, VOLVI • <L. To revolve

  26. evolve • To develop gradually • To change from a simpler to a more complex form or animal or plant life

  27. voluble • Speaking in a steady, easy flow of words; talkative; glib

  28. Practice! • Talkative… evolve? avail? voluble? (voluble)

  29. Practice! • To develop gradually… evolve? voluble? prevalent? (evolve)

  30. Challenge! • Lycra is a ___________material. (resilient)

  31. Challenge! • The conversation of preschoolers is often _____________and doesn’t stick to the subject. (desultory)

  32. Challenge! • Paris has several __________landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower and Arc of Triumph. (salient)

  33. Challenge! • Purchasing water in plastic bottles is still pretty __________although it is bad for the environment. (prevalent)

  34. Challenge! • Most people are pretty __________ in telling funny stories about themselves when they were little. (voluble)

  35. Challenge! • Those who __________ others with their words often regret it later. (assail)

  36. Challenge! • Computers have ____________a great deal over the last 20 years. (evolved)

  37. Challenge! • Some people are far more ___________ than others after tragedy. (resilient)

  38. Challenge! • I was in a __________ search to find something good to watch on tv; I kept flipping back and forth between many different show. (desultory)

  39. Challenge! • All of your begging and pleading will not __________you in the least. (avail)

  40. Challenge! • He spent time after his injuries _____________in a rehabilitation facility. (convalescing)

  41. Challenge! • The soldiers received the nation’s highest award for ________. (valor)

  42. Challenge! • Her study skills slowly improved or _________ when she decided she wanted to raise all of her grades. (evolved)

  43. Challenge! • Categorize the words into: NOUNS ADJECTIVES VERBS

  44. NOUNS! • valor

  45. ADJECTIVES • desultory • resilient • salient • Prevalent • voluble

  46. VERBS • assail • exult • convalesce • avail • evolve

  47. Challenge! • What is the noun form of “convalesce”? (convalescence)

  48. Challenge! • What is the adjective form of “valor”? (valorous)

  49. Challenge! • What is the noun form of “voluble”? (volubility)

  50. Challenge! • What is the noun form of “prevalent”? (prevalence)