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THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH. Lesson 9. OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT Of The United States of America. Responsibilities of the Executive Branch . The primary role for the executive branch is to execute the laws of the U.S. government.

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The executive branch

THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Lesson 9

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

Of

The United States of America


Responsibilities of the executive branch
Responsibilities of the Executive Branch

  • The primary role for the executive branch is to execute the laws of the U.S. government.

  • The President is the head of the executive branch, but has many other people to help him execute the laws of the country.

  • The foundation for the executive branch is found in Article II of the U.S. Constitution.


The enumerated powers of the executive branch
The Enumerated Powers of the Executive Branch

Found in Article II of the U.S. Constitution:

  • Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces

  • Delivers the annual state of the Union Address

  • Appoints heads of executive departments, federal court judges and other top officials

  • Meets with heads of state, makestreaties, hosts foreign officials, andappoints ambassadors

  • Can pardon people accused of a federal crime

  • Makes sure all laws are faithfully executed (most important duty)


Presidential terms and salary
Presidential Terms and Salary

  • A presidential term is 4 years in length.

  • The 22ndAmendmentwas passed in 1951 and limited presidents to two terms (or 8 years) after Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to 4 terms!

  • The President is paid a salary of $400,000 a year, this is known as his/her compensation, plus an additional $50k for expenses.


Elections
Elections

  • A Presidentis elected on the first Tuesday in November during an election year.

  • 12thAmendmentestablished separate ballots for President and Vice President.

  • The President is voted on by the electoral college- who votes on a candidate based on the what the states votes per Article II, Section I of the Constitution.

  • The electoral college used to be the only one’s who voted for the presidency.

  • Go to YouTube and watch a video to learn about the electoral college.

  • You may want to watch more than one!


The eop
THE EOP

  • Executive Office of the Presidency (E.O.P.) consists of individuals and agencies who directly assist the President.

  • 1,500 full time employees.

  • Has grown rapidly for Three reasons:

    • Every President has reorganized it.

    • Complex problems facing the nation have increased.

    • Coordination of agencies so that different agencies can work together.


The vice president
The Vice President

  • Is elected along with the President - "same ticket"

  • Presidential Succession- The Vice President(VP) takes the place of the President should he/she die or become disabled while in office - under the 25th amendment.

  • The VP presides over the Senate.

  • The VP's work and power depend upon what responsibilities the President assigns him/her.


The president s cabinet
The President's Cabinet

  • Leads 14 major departments.

  • President appoints the leaders - known as secretaries - 14 secretaries and the Vice President(VP) makes up the Cabinet.

  • Act as main advisors to the President.

  • Inner Cabinet - Department of State, Department of War, Department of the Treasury, Attorney General's office.

  • Each appointee must be approved by the Senate.

  • First duty of the President is to organize and staff the Executive Branch.

  • Role of the cabinet is determined by the President.

  • Andrew Jackson did not use his cabinet- relied on the “kitchen cabinet”.


The executive branch

Mount Rushmore National Memorial

The Black Hills of South DakotaUnited StatesPresidentsWashington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt