Early European Exploration and Colonization. VSOL VUS.2 & .3. Early European Exploration and Colonization. Resulted in the redistribution of the world's population as millions moved from Europe and Africa voluntarily and involuntarily.
VSOL VUS.2 & .3
Colonial Trade Routes - "triangular trade" between Europe, Africa, and North America, involving slaves, raw materials, and manufactured goods
John Winthrop was the most distinguished of the early Massachusetts Bay leaders; he was elected governor 12 times, and set the tone for much of its sense of religious mission into the wilderness. He is most famous for his “City on a Hill” speech.
The arrival of Winthrop and the first of the " Great Migration " in Boston Harbor, 1630.
The Pilgrims' charter entitled them to settle in Virginia, but where they landed in New England they had no legal authority. So the Separatist drew up a secular document, the Mayflower Compact, which provided a basis for order and government until the settlers could legalize their status.
In 1635, Roger Williams angered the General Court by preaching for a separation of church and state in the Massachusetts Bay government and he escaped to Narragansett Bay where he was sheltered by his Indian friends. He purchased lands from them and founded the community of Providence, accepting all settlers regardless of their beliefs.
Anne Marbury Hutchinson believed that the Holy Spirit spoke directly to the souls of believers, a view which challenged the Puritan doctrine that God had spoken to men through the Scriptures, and endangered the Biblical foundation of the colony. In 1638 she fled to Roger Williams' Rhode Island area, and founded the village of Portsmouth.
who generally believed in religious tolerance.
A woodcut of puritans and cavaliers. A study in contrast in 17th century England.
This arrangement was similar to the model made by abolitionist William Wilberforce (1759-1833) to show to the House of Commons as evidence of how the slaves lay "like rows of books on a shelf" during the notorious "middle passage" across the Atlantic.
George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards were two important preachers in this movement. They preached “fire and brimstone” sermons designed to make people recognize their sins and experience a new spiritual birth.