The War in the Pacific. By: Robert and Tyler. Guiding Questions. 1. How many people died/ships sunk/aircraft shot down? 2. Why did the Japanese attack pearl harbor? 3. Why did the United States stop sending supplies to Japan?
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Royal Navy - 21 total5 Queen Elizabeth class5 Revenge class2 Repulse class1 Hood class2 Nelson class5 King George V class1 Vanguard classSoviet Navy - 4 total1 Revenge class on loan from the Royal Navy3 Gangut class
United States Navy - 27 total2 New York class2 Nevada class2 Pennsylvania class3 New Mexico class2 Tennessee class4 Colorado class2 North Carolina class4 South Dakota class4 Iowa class2 Alaska classImperial Japanese Navy - 12 total4 Kongo class2 Fuso class2 Ise class2 Nagato class2 Yamato c
September 1940. The U.S. placed an embargo on Japan by prohibiting exports of steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japan, due to Japan's takeover of northern French Indochina.
April 1941. The Japanese signed a neutrality treaty with the Soviet Union to help prevent an attack from that direction if they were to go to war with Britain or the U.S. while taking a bigger bite out of Southeast Asia.
June 1941 through the end of July 1941. Japan occupied southern Indochina. Two days later, the U.S., Britain, and the Netherlands froze Japanese assets. This prevented Japan from buying oil, which would, in time, cripple its army and make its navy and air force completely useless.
There was nothing major going on at Pearl Harbor before the attack. Though, earlier that year, the U.S. made a decision stating that their new Naval Fleet were to be split in two major pieces, Atlantic and Pacific. The Pacific fleet was to be permanently based out of Hawaii at Pearl Harbor. Knowing this, the Japanese attacked believing they would be able to take out the United State’s complete Pacific Naval fleet. And believing that this would take the U.S. out of the war completely.
There was a new Lieutenant in the information center that day. After a call came across the phone stating that there was a large number of planes headed towards the base. The new Lieutenant thought it was just a U.S. fleet returning from training missions in the Pacific. The Private who answered the phone call knew it was more serious then this, but was afraid to go over the Lieutenants head in fear of being court-marshaled.
The Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war in the Pacific. It was fought between 3 Japanese battleships and two allied forces ships. (U.S. and Australia) Even though the loses for the allied forces were greater then the Japanese, the battle proved a strategic victory for the allies.
The allied forces took the offensive after the Battle of Guadalcanal was at a standstill.
The U.S. launched an attack against Japan, using submarines and submarines only. They would bombarded their opponents cornering them until they would surrender. Helping the allied forces turn the war around and begin to capture back lands that were claimed when Japan was on the offensive.
On August 6th, 1945, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. And then another on August 9th on Nagasaki. August 15th, Japan surrendered and that day became known as V-J Day or Victory in Japan Day.
The formal surrender was signed on September 2nd, 1945.