Recovery and Expansion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

oswald
recovery and expansion n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Recovery and Expansion PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Recovery and Expansion

play fullscreen
1 / 21
Download Presentation
Recovery and Expansion
79 Views
Download Presentation

Recovery and Expansion

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Recovery and Expansion 1300-1600

  2. Key Ideas • 1450: Europe had recovered from Hundred Years War, Black Death, and divided Church • Monarchs took advantage of weak Church • Spice trade and desire for metals • Spain: powerful economic and military force

  3. Hundred Years War • 1337-1453 • England vs. France • Push England out of Calais • What were the effects of the war on Europe

  4. Joan of Arc: What was her role and what happened to her?

  5. Effects of War • Issues: famine, disease, population decrease, tax burden, France economically hurt, but unified

  6. "The symptoms were not the same as in the East, where a gush of blood from the nose was the plain sign of inevitable death; but it began both in men and women with certain swellings in the groin or under the armpit. They grew to the size of a small apple or an egg, more or less, and were vulgarly called tumours. In a short space of time these tumours spread from the two parts named all over the body. Soon after this the symptoms changed and black or purple spots appeared on the arms or thighs or any other part of the body, sometimes a few large ones, sometimes many little ones. These spots were a certain sign of death, just as the original tumour had been and still remained. Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian writer from Florence wrote this description of the plague in an introduction to The Decameron.

  7. Black Death • 1347-1350 • 1/3 population died • Wakened social bonds • Church had no answer • Shortage of labor help textile industry

  8. What are some of the examples symbolism in this painting?

  9. Weakened Papacy • 1309-1377:Avignon Papacy under French influence • Great Schism (1378-1417) • Attempts to break that influence • Called: Conciliar Movement

  10. Council of Basel • Failed to accomplish reformist goals • Church must not neglect the needs of the purist of worldly power • Allowed secular governments: Kings in England and France that would gain some control over the churches in their lands

  11. Site of the Council of Basel

  12. Revival of Monarchy • 1450 • Unified notational monarchies • Create national armies • Professional armies

  13. War of the Roses • House of York and Lancaster • 1455-1485 • Power struggle until House of Tudor defeated Richard III • Henry VII: began to curb the power of the nobility

  14. Monarchs in France • Charles VII: professional army • Louis XI: silk production

  15. Germany • Holy Roman Empire • Decentralized power

  16. Spain • Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile in 1469 • United two kingdom • Conquered the Moors • Compete control of the Church in their kingdom • Inquisition 1479: forced conversion to Christianity • Spanish Jews exiled • Promoted overseas exploration

  17. Why go overseas?

  18. Spice markets • Ground travel too hard • Shorter route • Led to Spanish Empire in the new world

  19. Get into groups: Was the European exploration and expansion in late 15th century and early 16th century, good or bad for World History?