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The Structure of American Government. By Your Teacher. The Three Branches on the Federal Level. What are the three branches on the state level? Local level?. Congressional Structure. Number of members: House: 435 Senate: 100 Term of Office: House: 2 Yrs. Senate: 6 Yrs.

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the three branches on the federal level
The Three Branches on the Federal Level
  • What are the three branches on the state level?
  • Local level?
congressional structure
Congressional Structure
  • Number of members: House: 435 Senate: 100
  • Term of Office: House: 2 Yrs. Senate: 6 Yrs.
congressional floor leaders
Congressional Floor Leaders
  • Senate Majority Leaders Daschle (D-SD) and Lott (R-MS)
  • House has majority and minority leaders too.
  • Party Whips: Count votes on bills pending before either house.
the executive branch
The Executive Branch
  • The Cabinet: Each department head advises the president on area of expertise.
the presidency
The Presidency
  • The President carries out the laws made by Congress.
  • He can propose bills, veto them, or issue executive orders, which have the force of law.
  • All are subject to judicial review.
the cabinet
The Cabinet
  • Also Pres. of Sen.
  • Foreign affairs
  • Armed forces
  • The Economy
  • Legal affairs Justice Dept
  • Trade, Jobs, Housing & Urban Dev’p, etc.
  • EPA, NRC, SEC
  • Order of succession: State, Treasury, Defense, Attorney General, Homeland Security, continuing in order of creation.
  • Cabinet members advise the president and head their department.
the judicial branch
The Judicial Branch
  • Federal and state levels have BOTH district and courts of appeals.
  • You can tell the difference if the name of the court has the letters US in it.
the supreme court
The Supreme Court
  • Ginsburg, Souter, Thomas, Breyer, Scalia, Stevens, Rhenquist, O’Connor, Kennedy
  • John Roberts is now Chief Justice. Sam Alito has replaced O’Connor.
the three branches on the federal level1
The Three Branches on the Federal Level
  • What are the three branches on the state level?
  • Local level?