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"I'm guessing our soldiers are happy to be leaving Iraq. It is no fun being in a country where there's crumbling infrastructure and an ignorant population, but they said they're happy to come home anyway." –Bill Maher

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"I'm guessing our soldiers are happy to be leaving Iraq. It is no fun being in a country where there's crumbling infrastructure and an ignorant population, but they said they're happy to come home anyway." –Bill Maher

"Earlier this week, a protester at Occupy Wall Street proposed to his girlfriend. His exact words were, 'Will you occupy my parents' basement with me until I get a job?'" –Conan O'Brien

"The Republicans had yet another debate the other night. This is their seventh one. They're apparently going to keep having these debates until Rick Perry can get one right." –Jay Leno

"Almost all of Rick Perry's support appears to have gone to Herman Cain because, again, and I cannot stress this enough, nobody likes Mitt Romney." –Jon Stewart

"It was on this day in 1867 that the United States bought Alaska from the Russians. And about six months from now, we’ll probably be selling it to China." –Craig Ferguson

"Rick Perry has dropped 20 points in the polls in one week. They say he is so depressed about this, he hardly has the energy to execute anybody." –Bill Maher

chapter 10 wilson
Chapter 10: Wilson

The Structure of American Media

Homework:

Assignment #3

Unit IIIMultiple Choice Test – Monday

Unit III Quiz - Monday

competition in the media
Competition in the Media
  • Newspapers
    • Number has declined significantly
    • # of Cities with multiple papers has declined
  • Radio and TV
    • Most people get their news from television
    • Very competitive
    • Mostly locally-owned and oriented towards local news
the national media
The “National” Media
  • Consist of:
    • Wire services (AP, UPI)
    • TV and cable networks
    • National newspapers (and some “big” local papers)
    • National magazines
  • Differences from local media
    • Reporters better educated, better paid, more liberal
roles played by the media
Roles Played by the Media
  • Gatekeeper
    • “Not what to think, but what to think about…”
      • …and sometimes what to think…
  • Scorekeeper
    • Of the “horse race” that often is politics and campaigning
  • Watchdog
    • To ensure government is performing its duties and doing so legally
rules for the media
Rules for the Media
  • Newspapers mostly free from regulation
    • “After the fact” is just about the only time they can be sued or prosecuted
    • Libel and slander are much harder to prove and collect damages for in the US
    • Confidentiality rules for sources
      • Not total; courts can compel reporters to give up sources, if related to crime
  • Regulation of radio/TV
    • FCC licenses required; stations must serve community needs
    • Regulation has been decreasing in recent years
      • Radio has been deregulated the most – Telecommunications Act of 1996 opens up ownership of multiple stations in a single market
    • Equal Time, Right of Reply Rule and Political Editorializing rules still in effect.
  • Fairness Doctrine
    • Requires stations to discuss controversial issues, and to air contrasting opinions of those issues