The temperate, oceanic climate has played a key part in the evolution of sports in scotland with all-weather sports like soccer, rugby and golf. However many other sports are played in the country with a popularity varying between sports and between regions. I. Traditional sports Highland games - Shooting the rope - caber toss - stone put - Weight throw II. Other sports A. Soccer B. The 2 sorts of rugby C. Golf D. Curling
I. Traditional sports Highland games The Highland games are a very old tradition created in the 11th century. In their original form many centuries ago, the Highland games revolved around athletics and sports competitions. But today other activities take a part of the festivities ( competition of folk dancing and bagpipes).
Shootingthe rope • The shooting in the rope is another test rich in emotions. • This test which compares two arranged teams symmetrically in comparison with the middle of the rope, asks for force and for technology! • The rivals all carry heavily shod footwear, except for the last one who puts on footwear with blades. The purpose, under the orders of a coach, is to bring the other team in its party of ground.
Caber toss • A long tapered pine pole or log is stood upright and hoisted by the competitor who balances it vertically holding the smaller end in his hands. Then the competitor runs forward attempting to toss it in such a way that it turns end over end with the upper (larger) end striking the ground first. The smaller end that was originally held by the athlete then hits the ground in the 12 o'clock position measured relative to the direction of the run. If successful, the athlete is said to have turned the caber. Cabers vary greatly in length, weight, taper, and balance, all of which affect the degree of difficulty in making a successful toss. Competitors are judged on how closely their throws approximate the ideal 12 o'clock toss on an imaginary clock.
Stone put • This event is similar to the modern-day shotput as seen in the Olympic Games. Instead of a steel shot, a large stone of variable weight is often used. There are also some differences from the Olympic shot put in allowable techniques.
Weight throw There are actualy two seperate events : - one using a light weight - one using a heavy weight The weights are made of metal and have a handle attached either directly or by means of a chain. The longest throw wins.
Other sports A. Soccer Football is a collective sport comparing two teams of eleven players in a stadium. The objective of every team is to put the ball in opposing goalcage, without using arms, and to make it more often than the other team. football has the status of number one sport in a majority of countries. Certain continents, as Africa, South America and Europe, are even almost entirely dominated by this discipline. The simplicity of the game and not enough means necessary for its practice explain partly its success
B. The two sorts of Rugby Rugby union Rugby union is a full contact team sport, played with teams of fifteen players. It is based on running with the ball in hand. It is played with an oval-shaped ball. Particularities are scrums and lineouts.. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the adversary, by marking either tries or drops. Rugby XV is originally from England and developped at the end of the XIXth century in the Anglo-Saxon countries (Southern Africa, Australasia, the United Kingdom), Argentina, France and scotland.
Rugby sevens Rugby seven is a variant of rugby union in which teams are made of seven players. The game is originated from Melrose, Scotland. Rugby seven is now recognised as an olympic sport and will make its debut in the 2016 Summer Olympic games. A seven match consists of two halves of seven minutes with a one minute half-time break.
C. Golf Golf is a precision club-and-ball sport, in which golfers, using many types of clubs, attempt to hit balls into each hole on a golf course while employing the fewest number of strokes. Golf is one of the few ball games that does not require a standardized playing area. Golf is played on courses of nine or eighteen holes.Golf competition is generally played for the lowest number of strokes by an individual, known simply as stroke play, or the lowest score on the most individual holes during a complete round by an individual or team, known as match play .
Curling Curling is a team game with similarities to broomsbowls and shuffleboard, played by two teams of four players each on a rectangular sheet of carefully prepared ice. Teams take turns sliding heavy, polished granite stones down the ice towards the target (called the house). Two sweepers with accompany each rock and use timing equipment and their best judgment, along with direction from their teammates, to help direct the stones to their resting place. The complex nature of stone placement and shot selection has led some to refer to curling as " chess on ice.
Sports hold an important place in the hearts of the Scottish. One particularity is that, Scotland has its own sporting competitions. The end !! BES Agathe 4°A