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Preliminary Design Review 30 January 2007. Black Box Car System (BBCS) ctrl + z: Benjamin Baker, Lisa Furnish, Chris Klepac, Benjamin Mauser, Zachary Miers. Motivation. Car accidents Provide proof of who was at fault Provide information about force of crash Other traffic incidents

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preliminary design review 30 january 2007

Preliminary Design Review30 January 2007

Black Box Car System (BBCS)

ctrl + z:

Benjamin Baker, Lisa Furnish,

Chris Klepac, Benjamin Mauser,

Zachary Miers

motivation
Motivation
  • Car accidents
    • Provide proof of who was at fault
    • Provide information about force of crash
  • Other traffic incidents
    • Capture information about what really occurred if ticketed for speeding, following, etc.
concept of operations goals
Concept of Operations:Goals
  • Provide visual information of car’s surroundings for period of time before accident
  • Use accelerometer to determine if accident has occurred
    • If programmed acceleration level occurs, BBCS knows a crash has occurred
    • Force reading will be saved in conjunction with visual data
  • Removable storage
    • Crash video can be viewed on home computer
  • Autonomous
    • In event of accident, data automatically saved
    • Powered by vehicle
conops requirements
CONOPS:Requirements

Performance Requirements

block diagram main
Block Diagram: Main

Camera

Accelerometer

Black Box

User interface

Reset

Storage

block diagram black box
Block Diagram:Black Box

Power

Reset

LED

Main Processor

or

IC

LCD

IC

Computer

Flash

Camera

Storage

Accelerometer

IC

RAM

Camera

implementation microcontroller
Implementation:Microcontroller
  • Flash-based, 16/32-bit
    • ARM
    • Microchip PIC
    • MSP430
  • Re-programmable
  • On-board ADC, UART, I²C, Timer/counter
  • Interface to sensors, Flash data log
  • USB 1.0/2.0 capable
implementation microcontroller8
Implementation:Microcontroller
  • One main processor to act as a central processor to control all coprocessors
    • Video processors, memory, accelerometer, etc.
  • Our design will use one processor for each camera module
    • This will allow us to more easily implement several video sources if extended
implementation video
Implementation:Video
  • We’re looking to use either a CCD or CMOS camera as our video sensor.
  • Ideally we would like to use a camera with USB output and onboard compression.
  • Using a webcam oriented device, we’re hoping to eliminate any need to program USB drivers. With a corresponding USB microcontroller, this might be possible.
implementation video10
Implementation:Video
  • Camera – STVS6522
  • Advantages
    • Only needs a 5V supply
    • Large range on input voltage (4.1-5.6)
    • Adjustable Frame Rate
    • Black and White or Color images
    • USB 2.0 compliant
    • Field of depth is infinite with a fixed focus
implementation video11
Implementation:Video
  • Disadvantages
    • Operating range isn’t ideal for a full automotive design (32-104 F °)
    • Minimum focus is 20 cm (~8 in)
implementation video compression
Implementation:Video Compression

We assume we are getting raw video from an un-compressed CMOS camera

Estimated needs:

  • Moving JPEG conversion
  • Real time video compression (at least fast enough to convert the first frame by the time the second frame is taken)
implementation video compression14
Implementation:Video Compression
  • Video Conversion Types
    • Digital Camera Coprocessor
    • IC Programmed to do video compression
  • Ideal Setup:
    • CMOS Digital Camera coprocessor for digital still and web cameras
    • Real time video conversion with 50:1 compression ratio
    • I2C or USB data output
implementation video compression15
Implementation:Video Compression
  • Suppliers:
    • STMicroelectronics
    • Motorola
    • BeyondLogic
    • Digi-Key
implementation memory
Implementation:Memory
  • Fast re-writeable memory to buffer image data.
    • SRAM
      • Advantages
        • Programming simplicity
        • Control simplicity
      • Disadvantages
        • Expensive
        • Limited size
      • Requirements
        • Capable of handling 5 frames/sec video input
        • Low power consumption
implementation memory17
Implementation:Memory
  • Slow large capacity memory for image data storage
    • Flash
      • Advantages
        • Robust
        • Cheap
      • Disadvantages
        • Slow access speed
      • Requirements
        • Compact Flash interface
implementation communication
Implementation:Communication
  • Ideal Solution
    • I2C
    • USB 2.0 / 1.0
  • Fallback
    • Several I/O ports
implementation accelerometer
Implementation:Accelerometer
  • We’re looking at using a MEMS based accelerometer to detect a crash.
  • The accelerometer is the central trigger for the system.
  • The entire black box is in a looping state until the accelerometer interrupts and sets the system into its crash procedure.
implementation accelerometer20
Implementation:Accelerometer
  • Accelerometer - LIS3LV02DQ
  • Advantages
    • 3 axes (crash from above?)
    • I2C/SPI output interfaces directly with Microcontroller
    • Factory calibrated with offsets loaded on startup
    • Variable sampling frequency
implementation accelerometer21
Implementation:Accelerometer
  • Disadvantages
    • 2.5 V operation (increasing complexity with power supply)
    • Configurable to +/- 2 or 6 gs
    • Might trigger too easily
implementation power
Implementation:Power

We assume we are getting power from a car battery that varies from 8-16V.

  • Estimated needs:
    • One 12V-1A converter for cameras and sensors
    • One 5V-5A and a 3.3V-5A converter for processors, memory, and other circuitry
implementation power24
Implementation:Power
  • Supply Types Available:
    • Linear Voltage Regulators
    • Switching Converters
  • Ideal Setup:
    • 12V-1A, buck-boost
    • 5V-5A, buck
    • 3.3V-5A, buck
implementation power25
Implementation:Power
  • Designing the Supply
    • Hard way: Design it by hand, go through plenty of equations, and have a less efficient converter than one you can buy for cheap.
    • Easy way: Go to National Semiconductor, go to the Power Webench, type in your input voltage and your output voltage and current and it designs it for you.
implementation power26
Implementation:Power
  • The result for a 12V-1A Supply:
implementation power27
Implementation:Power
  • Suppliers:
    • National Semiconductor
    • Texas Instruments
    • STMicroelectronics
    • Analog Devices
    • Many, many others
implementation user interface
Implementation:User Interface
  • Ideal Solution
    • Plug into computer and all video sources show up and start to run
    • On-station displays (LCD or LED on box)
  • Fallback
    • Data display in Windows Application (Excel, Visual Basic, etc.)
    • Data dump to HyperTerminal convert video using program then view video sources
implementation enclosure
Implementation:Enclosure
  • Ideal Solution
    • Custom Plexiglas enclosure
      • Weatherproof
      • Transparent (for Expo)
      • Strong and Shock resistant (protect equipment in the event of collision)
  • Fallback Solution
    • Generic electronics enclosure
    • Locking metal box
    • Some foam to lessen shock
contingency plan
Contingency Plan
  • No video altogether
    • Instead, base system around inputs of speed, acceleration, braking, blinkers, lights, etc. directly from car
extensions
Extensions
  • Other sensors
    • Speed
    • Lights, blinkers, brakes
    • GPS
  • Four video sources instead of one
  • 25fps, 30 second video loop
testing
Testing
  • Skateboard with system attached to it
    • Push skateboard into wall (collision)
    • Kick skateboard (side collision)
    • Drop basketball on top of car (falling rocks)
    • Hold bacon behind car (Cop with false ticket)
division of labor
Division of Labor
  • Video: Chris Klepac
  • Compression: Zach Miers
  • Power: Ben Baker
  • Accelerometer: Chris Klepac
  • Microcontroller and misc. sensors: Lisa Furnish & Zach Miers
  • Enclosure: Ben Mauser
  • User Interface: Ben Mauser
  • Documentation: All
  • PCB Design: Chris Klepac & Ben Mauser