CONTINGENCY LEADERSHIP THEORIES. An example for emulation or use in a given situation. LEADERSHIP MODEL. CONTINGENCY LEADERSHIP VARIABLES. Followers: Situation: Capability Task Motivation Structure Environment Leader: Personal traits Behavior Experience. FIEDLER’S LPC.
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Are you more task-oriented or relationship-oriented?
He recommends that leaders change the situation rather than their own leadership style.
Use of authority by leader
Area of freedom of the group
Leader decides, announces decision
“Sells” decision to group
Announces decision, permits questions
Presents tentative decision, consults group, and decides
Presents problem, asks for ideas, decides
Presents problem and boundaries, group decides
Gives group as much freedom as possible to define problem and decide
This model is used to select the leadership style appropriate to the situation to maximize both performance and job satisfaction. Based on goal setting and expectancy theory.
DECIDE Leader makes decision alone and announces it, or sells it to the followers. The leader may get information from others outside the group and within the group without specifying the problem.
Organizational Behavior: An Experiential Approach 7/E
CONSULT INDIVIDUALLY. Leader tells followers individually the problem, gets information and suggestions, and then makes the decision.
CONSULT GROUP. Leader holds a group meeting and tells followers the problem, gets information and suggestions, and then makes the decision.
FACILITATE. Leaders holds a group meeting and acts as a facilitator to define the problem and the limits within which a decision must be made, but doesn’t push own ideas.
DELEGATE. Leader lets the group diagnose the problem and make the decision within stated limits.
Characteristics of the subordinate, task, or
organizaiton that replace the need for a leader or neturalize the leader’s behavior