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Cells into Tissues

Cells into Tissues

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Cells into Tissues

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  1. Cells into Tissues By Kevin Huyen

  2. 6.1 Cell-Cell and Cell-Matrix Adhesions • Cell-adhesion molecules (CAMS) mediate direct cell-cell adhesions • Cell-surface adhesion receptors mediate cell-matrix (ECM) adhesions. These interactions bind cells into tissues and facilitate communication between cells and their environment

  3. 6.2 Junctions & Adhesion Molecules • Three major classes of cell junctions that assemble cells into sheets and mediate communication between them. • Anchoring Junctions • Tight Junctions • 3. Gap Junctions

  4. Anchoring Junctions • Are specialized regions of the cell surface containing CAMs or adhesion receptors that interact with other cells, the ECM, or cytoskeletal fibers. • Two Major Types: • Mediate cell-cell adhesion • Adherens junctions • Desmosomes • Mediate cell-matrix adhesion • Hemidesmosomes

  5. Tight Junctions • Type of cell-to-cell junction that prevents diffusion of macromolecules and many small molecules and ions in the spaces between cells. Specifically, they limit and regulate the extracellular flow of water and solutes. Gap Junction • Permit the rapid diffusion of small, water-soluble molecules between the cytoplasm of adjacent cells.

  6. 6 Overall Scheme of the 3 Junctions

  7. Major Families of CAMs • Cadherins • Ig (immunoglobulin) super family • Selectins • Mucins • Integrins

  8. Cadherin Family • Found in Adherens junctions and desmosomes • Cadherins are key molecules in cell-cell adhesion and cell signaling. Adheren Junction

  9. Desmosomal Cadherins • Contain two specialized proteins • 1) Dismoglein • 2) Dismocollin

  10. Selectins Blood • Family of CAMs that mediate leukocyte-vascular cell interactions. • Extravasation of leukocytes require the successive formation and breakage of cell-cell contacts between leukocytes in the blood and endothelial cells lining the vessels Sialyl Lewis-x antigen Sugar binding lectin domain P-selectin Endothelial cell

  11. Purpose of Selectins

  12. Integrins • A large family of alpha beta heterodimeric cell surface proteins that mediate both cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions • Integrins typically exhibit low affinities for their ligands

  13. IIb3 integrin platelet *Accelerates a formation of clotting factors Collagen or thrombin Conformational change of IIb3 integrin Fibrinogen platelet Activated platelet

  14. Summary • Cell to cell contact through cell adhesion molecules or adhesion receptors

  15. Summary (continued) • 3 types of specific types of adhesions called Junctions are: Anchoring Tight Gap