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All About Tea Tea 102 What’s the Fuss? " Thank god for tea! What would the world do without tea! How did it exist? I am glad I was not born before tea." -William Gladstone, British prime minister

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what s the fuss
What’s the Fuss?

"Thank god for tea! What would the world do without tea! How did it exist? I am glad I was not born before tea."

-William Gladstone, British prime minister

"The best quality tea must have creases like the leathern boot of tartar horsemen, curl like the dewlap of a mighty bullock, unfold like a mist rising out of a ravine, gleam like a lake touched by a zephyr, and be wet and soft like a fine earth newly"

Lu Yu, patron saint of tea

Tea is the 2nd most consumed beverage in the world second only to water !! it’s no. 8 in the USA.

what is tea
What Is Tea?
  • Camellia sinensis

Vars. Sinensis and assamicus

  • Everything else is

a Herbal

  • Tisane versus Herbal
camellia sinensis classification
Camellia sinensis Classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Ericales
  • Family: Theaceae
  • Genus: Camellia
  • Species: C. sinensis
  • Subspecies: C.sinensis sinensis or assamicus
  • Varieties: 380 and counting
parts of the tea plant
Parts of the Tea Plant
  • Bud - unopened new leaf
  • Orange Pekoe Leaf (OP)

Top two whole leafs

  • Souchong Leaf

4th and 5th leaf down on a stalk

Usually called a rough pick that will include stems.

380 varieties 4 groups 5000 types
380 varieties 4 groups 5000 types

White, Green, Oolong, or Black

Teas can also be Classified by:

  • Nation of Origin
  • Province Grown in
  • Estate (Plantation) Tea grown in
  • Garden within the Estate
  • Year the Tea was Picked
  • Flush or Season of Picking
  • Lot or specific day and Garden Location
tea grades
Tea Grades
  • OP ~ orange pekoe
  • FOP ~ flowery orange pekoe
  • GFOP ~ golden flowery orange pekoe
  • TGFOP ~ tippy golden flowery orange pekoe
  • FTGFOP ~ finest tippy golden flowery orangepekoe
  • SFTGFOP ~ special finest tippy golden floweryorange pekoe
  • BOP~ Broken Orange Pekoe
  • CTC ~ cut tear and curl
  • Dust and Fannings ~ tea bag cut
tea quality
Tea Quality
  • Tea Grade vs. Quality
  • Broken Leaf vs. Whole Leaf
  • Dust & Fannings (Teabag Cut)
  • Cut Tear Curl
tea and health
Tea and Health
  • Green Tea vs. Black
  • Polyphenols called Flavinoids & Tannins
  • Antioxidant Activation
tea caffeine
Tea & Caffeine
  • Abundant in tea
  • One of 20 varieties of caffeine, teaeine, appears to enter the system slower and stays longer than coffee caffeine
  • Caffeine content depends on steep time
tea and history
Tea and History

Tea has an amazing story to tell through its discovery and travels around the world. Let’s take a look at just a few stories.

tea origins and emperor shen nung
Tea Originsand Emperor Shen Nung
  • 2,742 BC in Yunnan
  • 1066 BC Yunnan tea delivered as tribute
  • Yunnan has 260 of 380 varieties of C. Sinensis
  • 794 – 221 BC Tu 1st recorded
  • 725 AD cha first recorded
tea in the orient
Tea in the Orient
  • Lu Yu and the “Cha Ching” in 780 AD
  • 1191 Zen Buddhist Monk Myoan re-introduces tea to Japan
  • Powdered tea of the Song Dynasty (960-1279)
  • Japanese Tea Tournaments
  • Mongol Dynasty (1162-1368) and Marco Polo (1275)
  • 1368 Ming Dynasty replaces Mongol Dynasty

Mongolian Empire

Wait a few seconds for animation

Wikicommons image file

europe enters scene
Europe Enters Scene
  • 1498 Portugal opens the gates
  • Dutch are not far behind
  • England enters late with Queen Elizabeth I forming the East India Trading Company December 31, 1600
caravan tea ecstasy is a glass full of tea and a piece of sugar in the mouth alexander puskin
CaravanTea"Ecstasy Is a Glass Full of Tea and a Piece of Sugar in the Mouth" -Alexander Puskin
  • Usk Kayakhta & Mai-mai-cheng 1689, a few hundred camels in 18 months
  • Over 10,000 camels per caravan in 1830
  • 1907 last camel left Usk-Kayakhta – the trans-Siberian RR took over
tea hits england
Tea Hits England
  • 1652 Cromwell dies - Charles II returns with Catherine
  • 1658 Garway’s Advertisement
  • Colonial Era Tea Tax and Free Traders
  • Anna Duchess of Bedford
  • Navy life
  • Sailor’s ration of rum
  • Ship’s duty

Admiral Edward Vernon

tea and empire
Tea and Empire
  • 1842 - 1849 The Opium Wars
  • Clipper ships
  • Assam, India & the John Company
  • Robert Fortune and Robert Bruce
  • Industrial Assam beats Chinese peasant framers
margaret s hope
Margaret’s Hope
  • John Company Blues
  • Victoria, Empress of India
  • Tea Committee
  • New Life in India
high tea
High Tea
  • The evolution of meal times
  • Incorporating tea
  • Socialization of tea
  • Social distinction through tea
tea in america
Tea in America
  • First arrived at same time as Europe
  • Taxation
  • Tea act of 1773
  • Iced tea 1904?
tea and society
Tea and Society
  • Sober Sovereigns
  • Safe water
  • Tea breaks
  • Advertising
how to make a great cup of tea
How to Make a Great Cup of Tea
  • Tea grades & quality

(selection & purchase)

  • Teapots
  • Steeping the tea
  • Take the time
steeping the tea
Steeping the Tea

Perfect cup of tea

 *Use one teaspoon of tealeaves per cup of tea

*Steep for appropriate time and temperature

*After steeping, remove leaves from water

*Add milk, sugar, honey, or lemon to taste

what pot to use
The one you’ve got

Yi Xing, Tetsubin, Brown Betty pots

Steeping accoutrements

Warm pots in cold weather

Washing the pot

What Pot to Use?
tea storage
Tea Storage
  • Air-tight inert container
  • Cool dry location
  • Do not refrigerate or freeze
  • Away from direct sunlight
  • 6 months to 1 year storage time

Why Loose Teas?

More Loose Tea to Package = Lower Carbon Imprint

Better Quality than Most Tea Bag Teas

Nylon Tea Bags = Nylon Infusions

Better Control of Tea Strength & Flavor with Loose Tea

tea facts
Tea Facts
  • Tea Currency
  • Marketing Began with Tea
  • World Health
  • Modern Uses
  • The Irish and Iraqis Drink Most Tea
  • England Does Not Grow Tea!