Modern Arabic Literature. Introduction. The Nahdah (Renaissance): New departure Linked to Classical Arabic Lit Product of a meeting of two forces: Indigenous tradition Imported western forms. Factors that Contributed to The Nahdah. Decline of The Ottoman Empire
Only central Arabia and Morocco remained independent.
In Egypt, Mameluke acted as nominal governor.
During the Ottoman period Arabic literature was characterized by the absence of creativity. However, there was a considerable portion of commentaries where writers commented on texts. Also by the 18th century one could find that prose writers and poets paid more attention to manner than to matter. Their work was artificial and lacked seriousness.
Landless peasants and urban proletariat provided themes of much of the 20th century Arabic literature.
Egyptians were exposed to Western learning and science: