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Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act. US Forest Service May 23, 2011. Purposes of the Act. Stabilize and transition payments to states for schools and roads Invest in the land and create employment opportunities

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purposes of the act
Purposes of the Act
  • Stabilize and transition payments to states for schools and roads
  • Invest in the land and create employment opportunities
  • Improve cooperative relationships among the people that use and care for national forests

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

act of may 23 1908 25 payment
Act of May 23, 1908 25% payment

Share national forest receipts from

  • Timber
  • Grazing
  • Land use
  • Recreation special uses & user fees
  • Minerals including oil, gas, coal

Declined in recent decades; fluctuate widely

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

legislative history
Legislative History
  • October 30, 2000
  • Secure Rural School and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000
  • Public Law 106-393
  • 5 years
  • End Sept. 30, 2006
  • May 17, 2007
  • Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, Section 5401
  • Extend PL 106-393
  • 1 year
  • End Sept. 30, 2007

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

2008 reauthorization
2008 Reauthorization

Title I differs significantly from previous act

  • Four years
  • New formula for State Payment
  • Transition payments for certain states

Title II largely unchanged

Title III significantly narrowed uses of funds

Title IV new formula for 25% payments

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

public law 110 343
Public Law 110-343
  • Title I Secure payments for states and counties containing federal land to help fund schools and roads
  • Title II Special projects on federal land
  • Title III County funds for specific purposes
  • Title IV – Miscellaneous provisions including new calculation for 25% payment

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title i state payment formula
Title I – State Payment Formula

Eligible county’s “adjusted share” is determined by complex formula involving:

  • Acres of national forest land in county
  • Average high 3 years 25% payment between 1986 and 1999
  • Per capita personal income for county

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

use of funds
Use of Funds
  • Title II & III funds unobligated in one fiscal year shall be available in the following year.
  • Authority to initiate title II and title III projects ends September 30, 2011
  • Title II and III funds not obligated by September 30, 2012 shall be returned to U.S.Treasury

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

fiscal year 2008 payment
Fiscal Year 2008 Payment

January 2009 payments to states

  • $477 million (title I and title III)
  • 41 states and Puerto Rico
  • Redistributed to 729 counties

Additional $52 million for title II projects

  • 306 counties in 31 states
  • 108 national forests
  • 120 resource advisory committees

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

juneau rac funding
Juneau RAC funding
  • FY 2009 $168,134
  • FY 2010 $162,243
  • FY 2011 $143,974
  • FY 2012 $129,576 estimated
  • Total estimated funds $603,927

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

racs then now
RACs Then & Now

PL 106-393

  • 7 years
  • 14 States
  • 164 Counties
  • 73 National Forests
  • 55 RACs
  • 825 RAC members
  • $38 million/yr avg.
  • 5400 projects

PL 110-343

  • 4 years
  • 31 States
  • 306 Counties
  • 108 National Forests
  • 120 RACs
  • 1890 RAC members
  • $45 million/yr est.
  • 6400 projects est.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac purposes
Title II – RAC Purposes

Improve collaboration among all those who enjoy and care for the national forests

Provide advice to Forest Service about projects to invest in the land and create employment opportunities

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects
Title II – Special Projects
  • On national forests or directly benefit national forest lands
  • Have broad based support
  • Help foster collaborative relationships
  • Reviewed and recommended by resource advisory committee (RAC)
  • Approved by Forest Service

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects1
Title II – Special Projects
  • Improve the maintenance of existing infrastructure
  • Implement stewardship objectives that enhance forest ecosystems
  • Restore and improve health of the land and water quality
  • Protect, restore and enhance fish and wildlife habitat

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects2
Title II – Special Projects
  • road, trail, and infrastructure maintenance or obliteration;
  • soil productivity improvement;
  • improvements in forest ecosystem health;
  • watershed restoration and maintenance;
  • the restoration, maintenance, and improvement of wildlife and fish habitat;
  • the control of noxious and exotic weeds; and
  • the re-establishment of native species

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

slide16
Wrangell-Petersburg RAC project, historic shelter after reconstruction, and Ketchikan RAC project, Ward Lake shelter

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

examples of trail projects in yakutat and wrangell
Examples of trail projects in Yakutat and Wrangell

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects3
Title II – Special Projects

Projects approved by the FS must

  • Comply with laws and regulations
  • Be consistent with Forest Plan(s)
  • Be properly submitted and recommended by RAC
  • Meet purposes of the Act and title II

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects4
Title II – Special Projects

Projects may be proposed by

  • Resource advisory committee
  • Tribes, counties
  • Fire Safe Councils, Firewise communities
  • Fish, wildlife & watershed interest groups
  • Other partners and stakeholders
  • Forest Service

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects5
Title II – Special Projects

Implemented thru cooperative agreements

  • Tribes
  • federal agencies, state and local governments
  • private and nonprofit organizations
  • landowners

Or be implemented by

  • Contractor or by Forest Service personnel

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects6
Title II – Special Projects

The Secretary (Forest Service) has sole discretion to approve project

  • Disapprovals are not subject to appeal or judicial review
  • RAC will be notified of disapproval within 30 days with explanation

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii special projects7
Title II – Special Projects
  • FY 2008, FY2009, and FY 2010 funds available now
  • FY 2011 funds available in February 2012.
  • RACs must submit all projects for all 4 years by September 30, 2011.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac formation
Title II – RAC Formation
  • RACs are organized and formed to advise the National Forest(s)
  • The Secretary of Agriculture may establish resource advisory committees for part of, or for one or more national forests
  • Projects recommended by the RAC must be approved by the Forest Service acting for the Secretary

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac duties
Title II – RAC Duties
  • Review projects
  • Recommend projects and funding
  • Coordinate with the Designated Federal Official (DFO)
  • Encourage public participation
  • Monitor projects
  • Recommend changes based on monitoring

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac membership
Title II – RAC Membership
  • 15 members appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture.
  • Include local representation
  • Residents of state(s) in which RAC has jurisdiction
  • Balanced and broad representation within three categories specified in the Act

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac membership1
Title II – RAC Membership

Category A: 5 persons representing--

  • (i) organized labor or non-timber forest product harvester groups
  • (ii) developed outdoor recreation, off highway vehicle users, or commercial recreation activities;
  • (iii) (I) energy and mineral development interests; or (II) commercial or recreational fishing interests;
  • (iv) commercial timber industry; or
  • (v) hold Federal grazing or other land use permits, or represent nonindustrial private forest land owners, within the area for which the committee is organized.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac membership2
Title II – RAC Membership

Category B: 5 persons representing

  • (i) nationally recognized environmental organizations;
  • (ii) regionally or locally recognized environmental organizations;
  • (iii) dispersed recreational activities;
  • (iv) archaeological and historical interests; or
  • (v) nationally or regionally recognized wild horse and burro interest groups, wildlife or hunting organizations, or watershed associations.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac membership3
Title II – RAC Membership

Category C: 5 persons that--

  • (i) hold State elected office (or a designee);
  • (ii) hold county or local elected office;
  • (iii) represent American Indian tribes within or adjacent to the area for which the committee is organized;
  • (iv) are school officials or teachers; or
  • (v) represent the affected public at large.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac membership4
Title II – RAC Membership
  • One replacement member will be appointed for each of the 3 categories
  • Members serve a 4 year term
  • Members will not receive compensation
  • Forest Service, if funds are available, may reimburse members for travel related expenses

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac operations
Title II – RAC Operations
  • Each RAC is included on a regional charter approved by the Secretary of Agriculture
  • RAC members will select a chairperson
  • Each RAC may develop and maintain its own by-laws or operating guidelines consistent with the Act and charter

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac operations1
Title II – RAC Operations

Quorum: 9 of 15 members’ participation is required for meetings

Agreement by a majority (3 of 5) in each of the three categories is required for project approval.

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac operations2
Title II – RAC Operations
  • Meetings are open to the public
  • Publish meeting notice 15-45 days in advance in Federal Register
  • Publicize meetings at least 7 days in advance in local newspaper of record
  • RAC shall maintain meeting records available to public (RAC data base and website.)

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac operations3
Title II – RAC Operations
  • Designated Federal Official (DFO) will work with the RAC
  • Forest Service may provide additional staff support
  • Forest Service may request RAC to agree to use title II funds for environmental analysis of a project, or support RAC operations

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

title ii rac operations4
Title II – RAC Operations

RAC operations must conform to the Federal Advisory Committee Act

See USDA Directive 1041.001

www.ocio.usda.gov/directives/doc/DR1041-001.htm

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs

secure rural schools act
Secure Rural Schools Act

Secure Rural Schools website: www.fs.fed.us/srs

Resource advisory committee website:

https://fsplaces.fs.fed.us/fsfiles/unit/wo/secure_rural_schools.nsf

Secure Rural Schools Act

www.fs.fed.us/srs