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Unit 2 Review. Common and Proper Nouns. A common noun names any person, place, or thing. Common nouns: these birds live in cold places.

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common and proper nouns
Common and Proper Nouns
  • A common noun names any person, place, or thing.

Common nouns: these birds live in cold places.

  • Proper nouns begin with capital letters. The names of days, months, holidays, historical periods, and special events are proper nouns. Ex) colonial America, thanksgiving, president Adams.

Proper nouns: it is cold in Antarctica in July.

singular possessive nouns
Singular Possessive Nouns
  • To show that one person, animal, or thing owns something, use a singular possessive noun.
  • Add an apostrophe (’) and the letter s to a singular noun to make it possessive.
  • Singular Noun: The bear slept all day.
  • Singular Possessive Noun: The hare did not like the bear’s laziness.
plural possessive nouns
Plural Possessive Nouns
  • To show that two or more people share or own something, use a plural possessive noun.
  • Add an apostrophe (’) to plural nouns that end in -s, -es, or -ies to make them possessive.

Ex.)The birds’ nests are are full of eggs.

  • To make plural nouns that do not end in -s, -es, or -ies possessive, add an apostrophe and an s.

Ex.)men: men’s boots oxen: oxen’s strength

syllable patterns v cv vc v
Syllable Patterns V/CV, VC/V
  • When a vowel is LONG (like “a” in paper), it stands alone. Divide after the vowel (pa/per).
  • When a vowel is SHORT it must have a consonant behind it (the word finish has an “i” that makes a short vowel sound…fin/ish).
final syllable le
Final Syllable -le
  • When a word ends with final syllable

–le, you must include the consonant before the –le when you divide.

  • Ta[ble
  • Can[dle
  • Bub[ble
compound words
Compound Words
  • Compound Words are 2 words joined together to make 1 new word.
  • Code by drawing a box around each word that makes up the new word.
  • Rail+road=railroad
  • Butter+fly=butterfly
  • Camp+ground=campground
consonant blends
Consonant Blends
  • Consonant blends are when 2 or more consonants work together to create the sound.
  • STRaw
  • THRow
  • SPLash
  • SQUid
  • Code these words by underlining the blend.
consonant digraphs
Consonant Digraphs
  • When 2 or more consonants make 1 sound, they are Consonant Digraphs.
  • Listen for sounds…NOT SPELLINGS!!
  • sh, th, wh, ph, ch, tch, or ng.
  • Ship, throw, what, phone, watch, sing
  • Ch can make a sound like /k/, /sh/ or /ch/. School, chef and chief.
synonyms antonyms
Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Synonyms mean SAME:

hot, warm, toasty, steaming

  • Antonyms mean OPPOSITE:

hot – cold

toasty - frigid

warm – cool

dark – bright

unfamiliar words
Unfamiliar Words
  • Use CONTEXT CLUES to determine the meaning of words you do not know.
  • Read the sentences before and after the word to determine the meaning.
  • Look for clues that you do know.
  • Does it make sense if you replace it with a synonym?
main idea details
Main Idea & Details
  • The TOPIC is what the author is talking about. Usually the word is repeated over and over again. (Space)
  • The DETAILS are facts or examples about the topic. (statements about constellations, planets, comets, etc.)
  • The MAIN IDEA is what all the FACTS are telling you about the topic. (There are many interesting things in space to explore.)
  • The Main IDEA is usually stated in the topic sentence or in the Conclusion of the selection.
compare contrast
Compare & Contrast
  • Compare – How 2 things are alike or different.
  • Alike – same, similar, similarity, not different.
  • Different – differ, not similar
  • Use a VENN diagram.
drawing conclusions
Drawing Conclusions
  • What you know + What you read = Decision about topic
  • Background knowledge (not written in text) + text clues or statements (written in text) = Conclusion
  • Ex: The girl riding a bike uphill. We know its difficult to pedal uphill + she is standing up and working hard= Riding a bike uphill is more work than riding downhill.
author s purpose
Author’s Purpose
  • PIE – Persuade, Inform, Entertain
  • Persuade- Ex.) You should try…, This is how people should…, It is the only way to…, Everyone needs to…
  • Inform – Ex.) Facts, non-fiction writing, data, statistics, how to make something or do something.
  • Entertain-There will be characters, setting, problem, solution.