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War Languages Women and war in the art of Käthe Kollwitz. Vesa Matteo Piludu. University of Helsinki Department of Art Research. Millet Gleaners 1857 . Angelus. Shepherdess with Her Flock 1864. Title The Weeders Date 1868 . Song of the Lark, 1884. Woman Sewing by Lamplight 1870.

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War languages women and war in the art of k the kollwitz l.jpg

War LanguagesWomen and war in the art ofKäthe Kollwitz

Vesa Matteo Piludu

University of Helsinki

Department of Art Research

Title the weeders date 1868 l.jpg
TitleThe WeedersDate 1868

Daumier honor laveuse au quai d anjou laundress on the quai d anjou c 1860 l.jpg
Daumier, HonorLaveuse au Quai d'Anjou (Laundress on the Quai d'Anjou)c. 1860

Daumier honor the burden the laundress c 1850 53 l.jpg
Daumier, HonorThe Burden (The Laundress) c. 1850-53

Degas l.jpg

  • Degas’ penetrating observation, captured subtle differences in people’s faces and body language (especially within different economic classes).

  • Degas respected the hard-working immigrants from Eastern Europe, especially working women.

Woman ironing edgar degas c 1890 l.jpg
Woman ironing', Edgar Degas, c.1890

  • The art of Degas was that of a 'Naturalist', depicting what was considered “vulgar”

  • laundresses were commonly thought of as borderline prostitutes - in a way that was almost scientific

Il quarto stato pellizza da valpredo 1901 l.jpg
Il quarto stato, Pellizza da Valpredo (1901)

K the kollwitz farmers war l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz - Farmers' war

  • Much of the art of modern social protest traces its roots to the work of German artist Käthe Kollwitz.

  • One of a cycle of prints and drawings which the youthful Kollwitz produced on the theme of peasant revolt

  • The cycle hearkened back to the Bauernkrieg (literally, "farmers' war") of the sixteenth century while portraying the dire straits of agricultural laborers in contemporary Germany.

K the kollwitz ploughers etching and aquatint 1906 l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz Ploughers, etching and aquatint, 1906

  • The Plougher of her Peasant War series symbolises the oppressed of every age. Not the man behind the plough, but reduced to pulling it himself, he is a virtual beast of burden

K the kollwitz hunger 1925 l.jpg
Käthe KollwitzHunger 1925

K the kollwitz german 1867 1945 tod in wasser death in the water l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945), Tod in Wasser / Death in the water

  • this lithograph, produced shortly after Hitler assumed power, shows a drowned family, perhaps a prophetic vision of Germany's future as a country about to be drowning in death

Kathe kollwitz 1867 1945 woman with her dead child 1903 l.jpg
Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945), Woman with her Dead Child (1903)

K the kollwitz death seizes the children 1934 l.jpg
Käthe KollwitzDeath Seizes the Children 1934

Slide31 l.jpg
KATHE KOLLWITZ 1867 - 1945Woman in the Lap of Death (Tod mit Frau im Schoss)Woodcut on ivory wove paper, 1921

Rosa luxemburg l.jpg
Rosa Luxemburg

  • Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus League)

  • On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on the pretext that they were attempting escape.

  • In this instance Kollwitz emphasizes grief and the human element over any explicit political reference

Lmost whetted by k the kollwitz l.jpg
lmost whetted by Käthe Kollwitz

  • No wonder the resentment of Kollwitz's peasant woman is also sharpened as she whets her scythe-in an etching significantly titled Almost whetted

Slide34 l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945)Weberzug [March of the Weavers], fourth plate in Ein Weberaustand [Revolt of the Weavers], 1897

K the kollwitz revolt the peasant war 1899 1908 l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz Revolt, THE PEASANT WAR 1899-1908

K the kollwitz outbreak 1903 l.jpg
Käthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903

Kathe kollwitz killed in action 1921 l.jpg
Kathe Kollwitz, Killed in Action (1921)

Kathe kollwitz widows and orphans 1919 l.jpg
Kathe Kollwitz, Widows and Orphans (1919)

Slide42 l.jpg

The survivors say: War to War!

The text on the right side says: Do not teach the children to glorify the war and war hero's; teach them to despise war

The Survivors, a drawing by the German artist Kathe Kollwitz, was used for a peace congress in The Hague, Holland, in 1922.