English Springer Spaniel • It originated from Europe. • During the 1600s it was an ideal companion for hunters in Europe • It is used in all types of terrain, especially one that is thick with brambles. • Black or liver with white marking or predominantly white with black and white or liver with tan markings.
Cocker Spaniel • The origin of the breed came to America in 1868. • The cocker spaniel has retained its early classification in the sporting group, and is recognized as the smallest member of the sporting dog family. • Many colors exist in solid and part-i-colors.
Irish Setter • Originated several hundred years ago in Ireland. • Used for bird hunting, due to speed and endurance. • Coat color is a mahogany red or golden chestnut. • Very outgoing temperament.
Golden Retriever • Originated in Scotland around 1865. • Bred to retrieve wild fowl. • Today, often used as guide dogs. • Rich golden coat, with straight or wavy hair. • Friendly and intelligent expression.
Afghan Hound • It is believed that the afghan hound existed thousands of years ago in Egypt and is native to the Sinai. • The breed was discovered by the western world in Afghanistan during the early 1800s. • It is used for hunting, pursuing game by sight and followed by huntsman on horseback. • Have long silky hair coat .
Beagle • First known as a distinct breed in the 16th century in England. • Smooth coat with black or brown and usually white. • Hunts by scent and resembles a Foxhound. • There are two types of Beagle, 13 and 15 inch.
Norwegian Elkhound • It was traced back to the early Vikings in 4000 BC to 5000 BC • It has been used to defend flocks from wolves, bears, and to protect man from wild animals • It was used to hunt elk . • Gray with darker gray saddle. The muzzle, ears and tail tip are black.
Shih Tzu • Native to Tibet, and bred in China since the 17th century. • The name of breed means “lion dog.” • The dog is represented in much Chinese art. • Long, luxurious hair. • Trusting and affectionate house dog.
Pekingese • Was held sacred in china, the land of its origin. • Introduction of the breed into the western world occurred as a result of the looting of the imperial palace at Peking by the British in 1860. • Used as a watchdog. • Red, fawn, black, and tan, sable,brindle, white, and part-i-colored.
Lhasa Apso • The breed originated in the country of Tibet. • The breed is easily trained and responsive to kindness. • Was used as a guard dog because of its intelligence, quick hearing, and an instinct for distinguishing intimates and strangers. • All colors equally acceptable with or without dark tips to ears and beard. • Heavy, straight, hard, not woolly nor silky, of good length, and very dense.
Papillon (Pap-ee-yon) • The Papillon has a long, plumed tail which is carried over the back. • It has a white coat which has patches of any color except liver. • The ears which are shaped like butterfly wings are carried erect or drooping. • It’s sometimes called the butterfly dog due to its ears. • This is one of the oldest breeds with a history in Europe going back about 700 years. • It was featured in many paintings of the Renaissance era. • It was wide spread in Italy during the Renaissance era and later perfected by the French. • It was used as a compainion dog.
Italian Greyhound • Italian Greyhounds are elegant miniature fine-boned dogs. • They have a long head ending in a pointed muzzle. • This Greyhound is almost an exact replica of its larger cousins. • Unlike its larger cousins it is not used for races, but as a companion. • A dog similar to today’s was found in a 6,000 year old tomb in Egypt. • It was brought to Europe by the Phoenicians then was later developed by Romans. • This breed was favored by people such like Catherine the Great of Russia, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria.
Smooth-coated Fox Terrier • The breed is English in origin and dates back to the 1800s. • In 1984, the AKC approves separate breed standards for the smooth-coated fox terrier and the wire fox terrier. • Was used to hunt den animals and was noted for its courage. • White should predominate; Brindle, red or liver markings are objectionable. Otherwise this point is of little or no importance.
Cairn Terrier • It has a shaggy outer coat with a soft downy like undercoat. • The coat comes in red, brindle, blackish, sand, and various shades of grey. • It is about 14in. From the forechest to its back. • It has small pointed ears that are usually always erect. • It has been known since the 1500s but was presented publicly in 1909 and became popular in 1930. • It is one of Scotland’s original Terriers. • It was named after piles of small stones that they would protect from animals. (stones were used to cover graves and mark borders)
Airedale Terrier • It is a large terrier with a wiry coat with a soft undercoat, a long flat head, and deep chest. • Its coat makes it resistant to dampness and it is customarily tan with black markings. • It was developed about a hundred years ago in the country of York. • It is named for the Valley of the Aire in England. • It was used as a vermin hunter. Was then crossed with an Otterhound so it would be a better swimmer. • It has been used to hunt big game in Africa, India, and Canada. • The Airedale has also been used as a police dog and army sentry in World War II. • Now it is just a companion dog
Australian Terrier • Dating from the 1860s. • Used to guard mines and herd sheep. • Has good sense of smell and eyesight. • Is one of the smallest working terriers. • Sometimes has faults, such as shyness and aggressiveness.
Airedale Terrier • It’s from or developed in the county of York in England. • Descended from crossing in the old English terrier or broken hair terriers with the Otterhound. • The breed was originally used for hunting bears, wolves, fox, badger, weasel, and other small game. • The head and ears are tan, with the ears being a darker shade than the rest. The sides and upper parts of the body should be black or dark grizzle.
Skye Terrier • Originated on the Isle of Skye, near the northwestern coast of Scotland. • Became the pet for the English aristocracy in the 16th century. • Hair on the head falls over eyes and forehead. • Color can range from dark gray, blue or fawn.
Shetland Sheepdog • The Shetland sheepdog is a breed that probably descended from the collies that were brought to the Scottish island of Scotland. • These collies developed in miniature because of the environment, a form being crossed with small border collies. • Used to herd cattle, sheep, any farm animals. • Black, blue merle, and sable; Marked with varying amounts.
Old English Sheepdog • Developed in England’s West Country by farmers needing an agile dog to drive livestock to market. • Widely used in agricultural areas by the 19th Century. • Its exact ancestry is not known, but some believe its ancestors were the scotch bearded collie, while others believe it descended from a long- haired Russian Breed called the Owtchar. • It has been used as a guard dog, sled dog, and retriever. • Any shade of gray, grizzle, blue or blue merle with or without marking or in reverse.
Welsh Corgi • Two breeds, the Cardigan and Pembroke. • Pembroke, early 12th century and the Cardigan, even earlier. • Corgi mean “dwarf” in Welsh. • Cardigan has a docked tail, while the Pembroke has a fox like tail.
Shetland Sheepdog • Developed to herd the sheep of the Shetland Islands. • Bred from rough-coated Collies, called “shelties”. • Hair forms a mane around neck. • Coloring can be black, blue-gray or sable with white or tan markings.
Alaskan Malamute • Nordic dog descended from the Artic wolf. • First used 2000-3000 years ago my Alaskan eskimos. • One of the oldest Artic dogs and was named for the native Innuit tribe called Mahlemute (now spelled Malamute). • Bred with outside strains; with the increase in the popularity of sled racing as a sport • The usual colors range from light gray • Light gray to shadings to black and sable, always with white underbodies - parts of the legs feet and part of mask markings.
Siberian Husky • Was originated by the Chukchi people of Northeastern Asia as an endurance sled dog. • The breed was brought to Alaska in 1909 at compete in the All Alaska Sweepstakes Races. • Is used as a sled dog early in t e generation. • All colors from black to pure white. A variety of markings on the head are in common.
Poodle • The poodle originated in Germany where it was known as the Pudel. • For years it has been known as the national dog of France. • Was commonly used as a retriever and as a circus trick dog. • The coat is an even and solid color at the skin. In blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams the coat may show varying shades of the same color.
Dalmatian • Originated in Dalmatia. • Known as “coach dog”, because it use to follow horse-drawn carriages. • Today known as “firehouse dog”, because is often used as a firefighter’s mascot. • White with black or brown spots.
Boxer • Developed in Germany around the 19th and 20th centuries. • Ancestors of breed was used for dog-fighting and bull-baiting. • Later in Germany was introduced to police work and guide dog. • Very muscular body.
Pug • Developed in China, then imported to England in the 16th century. • Dog has short, small body with profuse wrinkles. • Color is silver or apricot-fawn, with black mask. • Playful and loving temperament.