The Development of Youth Sports in America KPE 260 – Winter, 2001 Dr. D. Frankl Time Frame (1890- 1950) The rise of adult run youth sports programs:
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KPE 260 – Winter, 2001
Dr. D. Frankl
The rise of adult run youth sports programs:
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Sir George Williams
Boston YMCA 1950s
YMCA Training School
Ë1924--establishment of the Cincinnati Junior Baseball Tournament for boys age 13 or younger
Ë1927--Tackle Football was initiated in Denver for boys under 12.
Ë1928--Junior Pentathlon organized by the Los Angeles Times
Ë1930--establishment of a junior tennis program by the Catholic Youth Organization under the auspices of the Southern California Tennis Association
Ë1930--Pop Warner football was started in Philadelphia
Ë1932--Critique of competitive sports for youth voiced by Elmer D. Mitchell from the University of Michigan. Mitchell argued that highly competitive sports for children were inflicting unduly emotional and physical strain on youngsters. In addition, children were forced to prematurely specialize within the sport and utilize harmful and aggressive behaviors in order to be successful in their sport.
Ë1936 "Stars of Yesterday" baseball program for boys under 15 was initiated by Milwaukee Recreation Department.
Ë1939 Carl Stotz founded Little league Baseball in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
1949-- The Joint Committee on Athletic Competition for Children of Elementary and Junior High School Age recommended that highly competitive sports programs for children be abolished.
Ë1952 -- AAHPER, the National Conference of Program Planning in Games and Sport for Boys of School Age, the National Conference on Physical Education for Children of Elementary School Age, and the National Recreation Congress issued statements against competitive sport programs for children.
Ë1969 establishment of the National Youth Sports Program (NYSP) for disadvantaged children ages 10-16.
Ë1970 Special Olympics organizations in operation in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada.
Ë1973 Jenny Fuller challenges the national Little Leagues' ban against girls' participation
Ë1974 The state of New Jersey's Superior Court ruled on March 29, that a local league chartered by Little League, Inc., was a "place of public accommodation" and therefore not exempt from Federal Legislation against discrimination (Wiggins, 1987, p. 12)
Ë1976AAHPERD established the National Association for Sport and Physical Education Youth Sports Task Force to examine the current status of children's sport and to offer suggestions concerning youth sport programs (Wiggins, 1987, p. 13)
Ë1980--Rainer Martens established the American Coaching Effectiveness Program
Ë1984--Creation of the Amateur Athletic Foundation, Los Angeles (AAF)