Khoisan Area Instruments. Population Density. Khoisan Area. Khoisan Area. (1979). 2001. Instrument Categories. Wind Horns, penny whistle String Cacoxe, Serankure, Musical bow Percussion bell, hungu, mukupela, puita, saxi, thumb piano, Ngoma, Sanza, singing. Horns Vandumbu
A bow-shaped chordophone made of wood and string.
Clochas, otherwise known as double-bells are one of the traditional instruments of Angola which were made by the musicians themselves.
The Hungu, also known as the Mbulumbumba, can best be described as an ancestor to the Brazilian berimbau.
A small stick is used to strike the string of the bow which vibrates and is amplified by a gourd held against the stomach.Percussion – Khoisan Area
Kwita, Mpwita (friction drum).
The drum's membrane is pierced once or twice to allow a wooden rod or cord (made of horsehair) or leather thong to pass back and forth. The membrane vibrates and produces a sound which can be modulated by controlling the pressure.Percussion – Khoisan Area
Known commonly as maracas made from maboque with dry seeds (or glassbeads in recent times) that are placed inside via a few small holes. The Bavugu is based on the movement of compressed air. Three greased gourds are played using the hand over one of the holes, while the other is open and closed by pressing it against the thigh. It's used by the Kung people.
Kisanji. Thumb pianos are often played at significant occasions –
worship, funeral dirges
(komba di tokwa),
the arrival of rain
and so on. There
are a variety of
rhythms used in
the music: Kabetula;
Ngoma is the general name for drum in Bantu language. Its form is generally conical or cylindrical, and can be played as an individual instrument or in an ensemble - sometimes with more than 25 players. Also used in the KwaZulu area are Zion drums and Zulu Hide drums which are hand drums covered in kudu hide.Percussion – Khoisan Area
Sanza and mbira are the most widespread.
Composed of a series of flexible tongues of uneven length, made of metal or bamboo, fixed to a wooden plate or trapezoid sound-box. The musician holds the instrument in both hands and uses the thumbs to pluck the slightly upturned free end of the lamellae.
"Singing makes all the sad people happy because it is the voice of happiness". (Zulu saying)
The singing styles of South Africa and the Zulu people are worthy of special mention. Like much of Africa, music is considered the "food of life”. This enables the communication of emotions and situations which could not be made by talking.
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
exiled 30 years
Archbishop Desmond Tutu