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HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics. A lesson plan from “Making Population Real” by the Population Reference Bureau Supported by the World Population Fund of the Minneapolis Foundation. Today’s Agenda. Introduce objectives and teaching standards

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hiv aids and contemporary population dynamics

HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics

A lesson plan from “Making Population Real”

by the Population Reference Bureau

Supported by the World Population Fund

of the Minneapolis Foundation

today s agenda
Today’s Agenda
  • Introduce objectives and teaching standards
  • Provide a brief global overview on HIV/AIDS
  • Construct chloropleth maps of AIDS rates by U.S. states
  • Discuss the patterns revealed
  • Introduce Making Population Real and PRB
objectives
Objectives
  • To describe the spread and occurrence of HIV/AIDS at multiple scales
  • To explain global and regional variations in occurrence of HIV/AIDS
  • To understand the spread of HIV/AIDS in the United States
teaching standards
Teaching Standards

AP Geography Standard Addressed

Unit II– Population Unit

B. Population growth and decline over time and space

3. Patterns of fertility, mortality, and health

AP and the Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board which was not involved in the production of these lesson plans

hiv aids weakens the immune system
HIV-AIDS Weakens the Immune System

Opportunistic infections:

  • Pneumonia
  • Meningitis
  • Some cancers
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Other parasitic, viral and fungal infections that weaken the immune system
global estimates hiv aids
Global Estimates – HIV/AIDS
  • People now living with HIV 40 million
  • New HIV infections in 2005 4.9 million
  • AIDS deaths up to 2005 25 million
growth of the aids epidemic
Growth of the AIDS Epidemic

People With HIV/AIDS, Cumulative Regional Totals

Millions

*Western and Central Europe & North America.

Source: UNAIDS/WHO, 2004.

poverty and hiv aids
Poverty and HIV-AIDS
  • Inadequate access to accurate information or prevention services
  • Seeing no alternative besides sex work, for some women
    • Labor migration – leads to increased vulnerability and spread of HIV
  • Once infected, inadequate access to health care and treatment
  • Vicious cycle of poverty, such as children orphaned because of AIDS
what is a choropleth map area value map
What is a Choropleth Map?(Area Value Map)
  • Reveals patterns in data by showing the distribution of a factor in selected area
  • For example, the map on the next slide compares the prevalence of AIDS in nations worldwide
map of hiv prevalence worldwide

Adults Ages 15-49 w/ HIV

15.01% - 34.0%

5.01% - 15.0%

1.01% - 5.0%

0.51% - 1.0%

0.0% - 0.5%

Not available

Map of HIV Prevalence Worldwide

2005

Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.

looking at the u s states
Looking at the U.S. States

Are AIDS cases distributed evenly throughout the United States?

Assignment:

  • Construct a choropleth map of the rate per 100,000 of AIDS by state for 2002
create a choropleth map of aids distribution by state
Create a Choropleth Map of AIDS Distribution by State

Determine the range of data…

  • Examine the data to be mapped
    • Omit DC since it’s not a state and so became outlier
  • Find the highest and lowest values for the data (see column 5 on data table)

High = New York: 34.8/100,000

Low = North Dakota: 0.5/100,000

  • Subtract these two numbers to calculate the range of the data.

34.8 - 0.5 = 34.3 is range

create a choropleth map of aids distribution by state1
Create a Choropleth Map of AIDS Distribution by State
  • Divide the range by the number of mapping categories you plan to use (typically 3 to 5)
      • Adjust the limits to avoid fractions

34.3 / 5 = 6.86 OR 35 / 5 = 7

  • Assign a color to each category
      • We have five categories: 0-7.9, 8-14.9, 15-22.9, 23-30.9, & 31-37
  • Complete the map key

(Assign a color to each range)

  • Sort the data (states) by category
  • Follow the key to shade each area according to the data values being mapped
create a choropleth map of aids distribution by state2
Create a Choropleth Map of AIDS Distribution by State
  • What patterns do the maps reveal?
  • What causes these patterns?
what did we cover
What did we cover?
  • During the session, we explored the spread and occurrence of HIV/AIDS:
    • At the global scale
    • At the national scale
      • Group mapping activity: United States (From Activity 2)
    • By gender and age (Ex: graph of South Africa)
  • Demonstrates patterns of population growth and decline over time and space
making population real lesson plan 4 hiv aids and contemporary population dynamics
Making Population Real – Lesson Plan 4:HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics

Activities:

  • HIV/AIDS–A Scourge of the Land
    • Investigate regional AIDS data (online research)
  • Patterns of HIV/AIDS in the United States
    • Graph changes in cause-of-death data
    • Graph changes in death rate due to AIDS
    • Create choropleth (shaded area) maps of state AIDS rates
making population real lesson plans
Making Population Real Lesson Plans
  • Population Fundamentals – Building a Foundation
  • Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards
  • The Demographic Transition –

A Contemporary Look at a Classic Model

  • HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics
  • Population Policy – Progress Since Cairo
  • People on the Move
  • Global Migration Patterns
about making population real
About Making Population Real
  • Free, on-line curricula utilize up-to-date real-world data and articles from a variety of web-based resources:
      • United Nations (UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, etc.)
      • U.S. Census Bureau
      • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
      • PRB research and publications
  • Lead author Martha B. Sharma, a teacher
  • Recipient of the 2006 Geographic Excellence in Media Award from National Council for Geographic Education

www.prb.org/educators

population reference bureau
Population Reference Bureau
  • Informs people around the world about population, health, and the environment, and empowers them to use that information to advance the well-being of current and future generations.
  • Analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in a format that is easily understood by educators, journalists, and decision makers alike.