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Democracy Under Pressure. Chapter 5 The Struggle for Equality. The Struggle for Equality. American Indians 1 percent of the U.S. population (2.8m) 50% unemployment 309 reservations in 32 states Alcoholism is 5 times the national average Suicide rate is twice the national average.

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democracy under pressure

Democracy Under Pressure

Chapter 5

The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality
The Struggle for Equality

American Indians

  • 1 percent of the U.S. population (2.8m)
  • 50% unemployment
  • 309 reservations in 32 states
  • Alcoholism is 5 times the national average
  • Suicide rate is twice the national average.
  • Conferred citizenship by Congress in 1924
  • ½ live below the poverty line
  • American Indian Movement (AIM) seized Wounded Knee in 1973.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality1
The Struggle for Equality

Hispanics

  • The largest minority in the U.S. (40.4m)
  • 26 million are Mexican-Americans
  • 21% live in poverty (12.1 national average)
  • Migrant Mexican-Americans have a much shorter life expectancy, a much higher birth rate and infant mortality rate.
  • Hispanics include those of Mexican, Central and South America, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Spanish origin.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality2
The Struggle for Equality

Asian Americans

  • 3rd largest minority (4% of U.S. population or 12million in 2004).
  • Asians include those of Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indians, Vietnamese (and other Southeast Asians) Korean, and Japanese.
  • Known for success in academics, science, engineering, and medicine.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality3
The Struggle for Equality

Women

  • 51% of the population
  • Earn 77% of a man’s wage – working the same job.
  • Have made great strides in all areas of society but still experience, “the glass ceiling” in top business positions.
  • In 2006, 70.2 million women worked.That accounted for 46% of the labor force. Women held 79% of all administrative support and clerical jobs.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality4
The Struggle for Equality

GayRights

  • Rights for gays have moved from the extremes of society toward the mainstream.
  • According to a University of Chicago study, 2.8% of American men and 1.4% of American women identify themselves as homosexual or bisexual.
  • 9.1% of men and 4.3% of women reported homosexual experience.
  • 51% of the public have said they believe homosexual behavior is “morally wrong.”
  • By 2006, 41 states and the federal government had laws prohibiting gay marriage.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality5
The Struggle for Equality

Disabled Americans

  • 51 million Americans – almost one person in every five – are disabled.
  • 32.5 million reported that their disabilities were severe.
  • In 1990 Congress passed, The Americans with Disabilities Act to help remove everyday barriers to people with disabilities.
  • A disability is, “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life functions.”
  • Disabled Americans were an “invisible minority” their rights of equal treatment and equal access were often overlooked or neglected.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality6
The Struggle for Equality

African Americans

  • 2nd largest minority (12% of the U.S. population).
  • The “American Dilemma” according to Swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal is the paradox that a “nation founded on the principle that all people are created equal should have “a race problem.”
  • African Americans have been in America since 1619 and have fought and died in every war America has fought.
  • The post-Civil War amendments – the 13th ,14th , and 15th involved the status of blacks in America.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality

the struggle for equality7
The Struggle for Equality

African Americans

  • 13th Amendment (1865) – abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment (1868) – granted citizenship and equal protection under the law.
  • 15th Amendment (1870) – provided black males with the right to vote
  • Landmark Supreme Court decisions:
    • Dred Scott decision (1857) - Blacks not citizens
    • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) – Separate but equal
    • Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Segregation in Public schools violate the 14th Amendment.

Chapter 5 - The Struggle for Equality